Benefits ofEffectiveSafety and Health Programs Presented by: L.A.A.P., Inc.
Safety and Health Programs • Recommended for all businesses • Required by specific OSHA standards
FACT Nearly 50 workers are injured every minute of the 40-hour work week.
FACT Almost 17 of these workers die each day.
Costs of Accidents • More expensive than realized • Direct Costs • WC Claims; medical costs; indemnity payments Vs • Indirect Costs • Training; property damage; accident investigation; increase in insurance; delays; administrative costs; low morale
Safety Iceberg Theory Direct Vs Indirect Costs of Accidents Medical (doctor visits, physical therapy, medicine, etc.) • Reduced productivity • Accident investigation • Administrative costs • Lost time by supervisor • Costs of training replacement worker • Overtime • Legal fees • Equipment repair • Negative publicity • Damage to customer relations
Costs of Accidents Notice: One study estimated that a safety and health program saves $4 to $6 for every $1 invested.Charles Jeffress (OSHA) speech, 10/30/1999
Benefits of Effective Safety and Health Programs • Reduce work related injuries and illnesses • Improve morale and productivity • Reduce workers’ compensation costs
Who Benefits from Effective Safety and Health Programs Your workforce An effective workplace safety and health management program will enable you to: • Recognize and remove hazards from your workplace. • Protect your workers from injury and illness. • Prevent loss of life at your worksite.
Who Benefits from Effective Safety and Health Programs Your workforce • Cultivate informed and alert employees who take responsibility for their own and their coworkers’ safety • Improve employee morale.
Who Benefits from Effective Safety and Health Programs Your Managers An increased understanding of workplace hazards and remedies will put your managers in a better position to: • Comply with federal and state safety and health requirements. • Become more effective at their jobs. Management experts believe that the company with a well-managed safety and health program enjoys better overall management. • Increase productivity rates and assure product quality.
Who Benefits from Effective Safety and Health Programs Your Business as a Whole An exemplary workplace safety and health management system is "good business sense" that also makes financial sense because it will allow you to: • Learn first-hand that the cost of accident prevention is far lower than the cost of accidents.. • Improve the bottom line by: • Lowering injury and illness rates, • Decreasing workers’ compensation costs, • Reducing lost workdays, and • Limiting equipment damage and product losses.
Major Elements • An effective occupational safety and health program includes the following four major elements: • Management commitment and employee involvement • Worksite analysis • Hazard prevention and control • Safety and health training
Management Commitment and Employee Involvement • Managers must be as committed as other duties • Complementary elements • Management commitment provides motivation and resources • Employee involvement allows workers to develop and express commitment to safety and health
Policy and Goals • Clearly state a worksite safety and health policy • Clearly established and communicated goals and objectives • Top management involvement an absolute MUST
Employee Involvement • Encourage employee involvement • Safety committees; audit teams; accident investigations • Establish and support safety committee • Communicate responsibility for all program aspects
Responsibility • Assignment of responsibilities AND authority • Provide appropriate resources • Managers, supervisors, and employees must be held accountable for meeting their responsibilities • Program review at least annually, to evaluate, identify deficiencies, and revise, as needed
Worksite Analysis • Examine the worksite and identify: -- existing hazards -- conditions and operations where changes might occur to create hazards • Actively analyze the work and the worksite to anticipate and prevent hazards
Comprehensive Survey • Conduct a comprehensive baseline survey for safety and health • Administrative Review • OSHA Record Keeping and Accident Reports • Training Records and Documentation • Emergency Plans • Safety and Health Manual • Audit and Hazard Assessment • Facility audit looking for hazards • Hazard assessment required by OSHA to depict where PPE is required
Comprehensive Survey • Job Hazard Analysis • Breakdown of tasks step by step looking for the hazard in each step • Identifying potential hazards and determining the safest way to perform each step
Conduct regular (usually weekly) site inspections of each department Establish daily work area inspection procedures by employees Develop and use a checklist Provide a reliable system for employees, without fear of reprisal, to notify management about apparent hazardous conditions and to receive timely and appropriate responses Safety and Health Inspections
Accident/Incident Investigations • Investigate ALL accidents and “near miss” incidents, so that their “root” causes and means for prevention are identified • Analyze injury and illness trends, so that common cause patterns can be identified and prevented
Hazard Prevention and Control • Start by determining that a hazard or potential hazard exists • Conduct Hazards Assessment (as required by OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132(d) • Where feasible, prevent hazards by effective design of job or job site • If the hazard cannot be eliminated, use hazard controls • Eliminate or control hazards in a timely manner
Controlling the Hazards • Engineering controls • Administrative controls • Safe work practices communicated • via training, positive reinforcement, • correction of unsafe performance, • and enforcement • Personal Protective Equipment To prevent and control hazards:
Hazard Prevention Planning • Maintain the facility and equipment • PM schedules • Emergency planning • Training and drills, as needed • Medical program • First aid on site • Physician and emergency care nearby
Safety and Health Training • Backbone of Program • New-hire safety orientation • OSHA required training by standards • All employees, including office personnel • Supervisors safety training
Safety and Health Orientation • Employees must understand the hazards they may be exposed to and how to prevent harm to themselves and others from hazard exposure • Orientation training must be given to site and contract workers
Supervisor Responsibilities • Analyze work to identify potential hazards in area of responsibility • Maintain physical protections in work areas • Reinforce employee training through performance feedback and, if needed, enforcement of safe work practices • Legally liable
Specific Training Needs • Hazard recognition • Training required in standards • Emergency response • Accident investigation • Emergency drills
Summary Effective worker safety and health programs: • Reduce work related injuries and illnesses • Improve morale and productivity • Reduce workers’ compensation costs • Include these four major elements: • Management commitment and employee involvement • Worksite analysis • Hazard prevention and control • Safety and health training
OSHA’s Safety and Health Management Program Guidelines
Total Safety Management In recent years, more and more emphasis has been placed on proper documentation resulting in more citations with severe penalties. Many times clerical errors are repeated throughout your documentation, resulting in multiple citations. Proper documentation begins with the new employee safety orientation, and continues through safety meetings, facility & equipment inspections, and accident investigations. This is not a simple clerical job to be taken lightly.
Loss Prevention Manual Includes customized policies and procedures to comply with OSHA and Workers Compensation requirements.
Injury & Illness Records Accident Investigation Reports OSHA Form 300 OSHA Form 301 OSHA Form 300 A Record Retention
Training Documentation New Employee Orientation Employee Safety Meetings Equipment Training First Aid & CPR
Hazard Assessment & Facility Safety Audits Hazard assessment and facility safety audits are vital components of a Safety and Health Management Program to ensure safe working conditions are maintained.
Job Safety & Health Posting Requirements Job Safety & Health Poster Minimum Wage Statement Age Discrimination Statement Equal Employment Opportunity Statement Workers Compensation Notices Hazard Communication Act Notice Access to Employee Exposure & Medical Records Safety/Emergency Services Listing (Phone Numbers) Drug & Alcohol Screening Policy OSHA Form 300-A (Annual Summary)
Summary Establishing a comprehensive, quality Safety and Health Program at your facility will take some time and involve some professional resources. However, you will be pleasantly surprised with the results. Doing so will result in happier, more productive employees because they will know that you are committed to their safety and health on the job. Additionally, you will save money through reduced workers compensation insurance costs and the reduced potential for third-party claims. The rewards you receive will surely exceed the cost of investment in safety and health protection.
L.A.A.P., Inc. “Total Safety Management” 312 W. San Augustine Deer Park, Texas 77536 (281) 478-4444 office (281) 478-6699 fax web address www.total-safety-management.com L.A.A.P., Inc. is an innovative safety management company providing comprehensive safety services to various clients across the United States. We specialize in safety, health, fire protection, and environmental consulting, auditing, training, and program development. We assist today’s business community in meeting the ever-changing regulations enacted by municipal, State, and Federal governmental agencies, and have been very successful in reducing our clients’ losses, Workers Compensation rates, and potential third-party liability, in addition to assisting with compliance efforts for State, Federal, and local safety, health, and environmental laws and regulations. LAAP, Inc. can help put you back in control of your Loss Prevention Program.