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NPS Systems Engineering An Overview For CESUN – April 2008. Prof. Charles N. (Chuck) Calvano. Department Overview. 18 faculty, 3 research staff, 2 admin staff 8 TT, 10 NTT Mix of academic, industry, military backgrounds SE Faculty include many familiar with Navy and industry:

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Nps systems engineering an overview for cesun april 2008

NPSSystems EngineeringAn OverviewFor CESUN – April 2008

Prof. Charles N. (Chuck) Calvano

Department overview
Department Overview

  • 18 faculty, 3 research staff, 2 admin staff

    • 8 TT, 10 NTT

    • Mix of academic, industry, military backgrounds

    • SE Faculty include many familiar with Navy and industry:

      • Chuck Calvano, Paul Shebalin, Cliff Whitcomb, David Hart, Mike Green, Greg Miller, Matt Boensel, Mark Rhoades, Rachel Goshorn

      • Bob Harney, Tom Huynh, Ed Kujawski, Bill Solitario, Gary Langford

      • No military faculty; seeking as a valuable addition

  • 362 students, as of today, counting all five business lines

    • 23 in resident MSSE

      • 18 US Navy, 3 international students, 2 US Army

    • 240 in DL MSSE (almost entirely civilians)

      • Navy lab engineers, Other DOD technical organizations, Limited Defense Contractor numbers

    • 48 in non-resident certificate program

    • 51 in non-resident MS SE Management/Acquisition program

  • Department is five years old

  • Growing pains include facilities, labs, roles with respect to other departments and Meyer Institute of SE

Nps systems engineering programs
NPS Systems Engineering Programs




9 quarters

(with refresher)

36 courses

Project and Thesis

1 cohort/year

12 per cohort

23 onboard

SE Certificate


DL and resident

4 quarters

4 courses

Integrated Project

(in courses)

2 cohorts/year

30 per cohort

48 students




6 quarters

(with embedded refresher)

SE/OR Joint

24 courses


2 cohorts/year

20 per cohort

34 students




8 quarters

16 courses


4 cohorts/year

30 per cohort

202 students ramping to 240




8 quarters

16 courses


1 cohort/year

20-25 per cohort

51 students

Role of 580
Role of 580

  • Resident MSSE is the flagship curriculum for SE department

    • Greatest depth

    • Greatest breadth

    • Serves as residential center of excellence for common core courses delivered to non-resident audiences

    • Educates the technical leadership of tomorrow’s Navy

  • Non-resident DL MSSE reaches larger numbers

    • Great potential impact on Navy/DoD workforce

    • Somewhat less breadth and depth

    • Builds on students’ stronger eng’g work experience

    • Educates the technical workforce

  • Resident MS in SE Analysis (with OR) has high visibility

    • Major capstone projects

Some of the initiatives underway in se
Some of the initiatives underway in SE

  • Establishing satellite programs to deliver SE education at locations with concentration

    • Patuxent River in March 08 (actually this week)

    • Others for FY09, including MARCORSYSCOM, NAVSEA, and SPAWAR

  • Programs in management of Modeling and Simulation

    • Degree and certificate

  • Developing tracks around domains of application

Nps unique
NPS Unique

  • Navy graduate education is to provide skills needed for Navy billets

    • A sponsor determines which billets under his control require certain skills; Billets get coded (“P” code)

    • Sponsor provides Educational Skill Requirements (ESRs)

  • NPS develops/offers programs to meet ESRs

    • Degree included in program -- attractive to student

    • In most cases, ESR course requirements exceed degree requirements

    • Graduate gets a subspecialty (“P”) code

    • Personnel system tries to match grads to billets

Systems engineering hierarchy
Systems Engineering Hierarchy*




Anti-Air Warfare


Platform + Net Centric




Operational Concepts àCapabilities

Electronic Warfare

Mine Warfare

Enterprise Focus


Missile Defense



SoS / FoS

Platform / Net Centric


Capabilities à System Requirements

Net Centric

IC4I, IWS, …


Air Land Sea

Capability Focus

Systems / Components

Systems, Components,

Equipment, Materials,

Software, etc.


System Requirements à End Items

Design, Build, Test Focus

Establishing Hierarchal Framework is Important DoD Acquisition Needs

*Source: ASN(RDA) Brief of 5 APR 2007

Different sets of systems engineering practitioners
Different Sets of Systems Engineering Practitioners

  • “Sponsor-level” systems engineering is what allows the Joint Capability Integration and Development Systemto define effective operational concepts, mission architectures, and conceptual alternatives.

    • Pentagon (Unrestricted Line Officer and Senior Civilian) -focused

    • Identifying, analyzing, and documenting required “capabilities”

  • “Acquirer-level” systems engineering is what allows Acquisition Programsto meet cost, schedule, performance, and suitability goals for systems of systems and families of systems.

    • Acquisition Workforce-focused – Military and Civilian

    • Emphasis on Risk Management and Alternatives Evaluation

  • “Developer-level” systems engineering is what allows Development Projects to successfully meet contract/project requirements.

    • Laboratory-, Warfare Center-, and Contractor-focused (mostly civilian)

    • Synthesis of “system-level-optimal” and “engineering-feasible” designs


  • Develop ABET-Accredited, Resident MSSE Degree Program to Start July 2006 (Done – Curric 580, MSSE – ABET to come)

  • Tailored programs to align with Navy needs and customers

    • One Common Set of MSSE Courses for various programs

    • Tailored Track Courses

  • Start with three domain tracks

    • Ship Systems Engineering

    • Network-Centric Systems Engineering

    • Combat Systems Engineering

  • Discipline tracks(EE, MAE, e.g.) also available

  • Minimize impact on existing curricula, draw on existing NPS courses where possible

  • Develop and/or adjust courses where necessary

  • Establish appropriate SE core to support SE discipline, sponsor needs, faculty P&T needs, SE research

Current update motivations
Current Update Motivations

  • Students for the 580 resident MSSE curriculum arrived with better backgrounds than anticipated, changing assumptions used in curricular design.

  • We desire to align on and off campus degree programs better.

  • We seek to achieve ‘unity of command’ for key SE course offerings by placing them in the SE department

  • Hidden motive here

  • Sponsor briefed and concurred in November 2007.

Nps msse resident and dl common courses
NPS MSSE Resident and DL Common courses

Resident (580)

DL (311)




5800 P-Code Not Required

Common SE Core Topics for All MSSE, accords with INCOSE

Requires Minimum of 8 Quarters

(Part Time)

Requires Minimum of 6 Quarters

(Full Time)


  • SE department will continue to offer domain tracks in combat systems engineering, ship systems engineering, and network-centric systems engineering.

    • Will use existing SE and other GSEAS courses to assemble, particularly TSSE

    • Conforms to sponsor’s guidance from last fall

  • Other departments have been encouraged to offer disciplinary tracks and to support existing or new domain tracks for other customers

  • DL program has expressed interest in four of the course tracks listed on next slide

    • Interest is predominantly for domain tracks

    • Some would need major development to be offered

Sesg proposed tracks for dl programs

Human Systems Integration

Test and Evaluation

Mission Systems Engineering

Shipyard/Waterfront Engineering

Total Ship Systems Engineering

Land and Amphibious Systems Engineering


Weapons SE

Reliability Eng.

Logistics Eng.

Safety Eng.

Network Centric Systems

System of Systems Engineering

Aviation Systems

Software Engineering

SESG Proposed Tracks for DL programs

Currently being considered – not all will be implemented

What is changing
What is changing?

  • We are updating the common core courses

  • We are embedding the project in the core sequence

  • We are lengthening the domain track

    • Allows electives, prerequisites, or greater depth in track

  • We have shortened overall time from 9 quarters to 8 quarters while increasing SE and technical depth.

    • Savings to relevant Navy accounts and mission funds

    • Less disruptive to officer student quality of life: summer rotations

Some current resident msse thesis topics
Some Current Resident MSSE Thesis Topics

  • LCDR Keith Ruegger

    • A Unified Architecture Development Framework for Netcentric Operations Systems.

    • Huynh

  • LCDR Mike Erickson

    • A Vulnerability Analysis of Helicopters in Iraq. A helicopter vulnerability analysis based on information in the Combat Data Reporting System (CDIRS) data base and with interviews with the Joint Combat Assessment Teams (JCAT).

    • Hart/Adams

  • LCDR Cinda Brown

    • Effects of Budget Allocation on Cost Uncertainty Models for Naval vessels. This is in conjunction with Professor Kujawski's research:

    • Kujawski/Angelis

  • LT Mark Aaragon

    • Integration of Remote Automated Position Identification System (RAPIDS) into current and future naval systems using systems engineering, specifically the spiral process model.

    • Whitcomb/Paulo

  • LT Chris Epp

    • Port Defense from Hostile Cargo Ships. Develop a system of systems to counter attacks by rogue or pirated merchant vessels on coastal infrastructures

    • Huynh/Khoo

  • LT Judd Southworth

    • A Systems Architecting Approach to Designing Combat Salvage and Diving Mission Packages. Whitcomb/Papoulias

  • LT Chris Addington

    • Ship Survivability. Investigate advanced methods to accomplish ship survivability analyses in early stage design.

    • Adams/Whitcomb

Current 580 student projects
Current 580 Student Projects

  • Architecture Study for Future Amphibious Warfare

    • Considering the future of shipbuilding, what is possible for a future architecture to accomplish amphibious warfare, given the need to reduce the dependency on the current use of multiple platforms to accomplish the missions. In conjunction with TSSE.

    • LCDR Mike Erickson, LCDR Cinda Brown, LT Chris Epp, LT Judd Southworth

  • Application of Sound Systems Engineering Principles to the Insertion of Future Force Technologies

    • Enhance operational capabilities and accelerate development of breakthrough technologies, and evaluate these technologies for their possible contribution as way-stations to the future force. Essentially, evolutionary acquisition of large, complex weapons systems results in certain enabling technologies to spiral out periodically for insertion into the future force.

    • LT Mark Aragon, LT Chris Addington

  • International Maritime Immersive Collaboration Center (IMIC2) & Virtual Maritime Operations Center (VMOC)

    • Project born while LT Koszarek was an Associate Fellow with the CNO’s Strategic Studies Group (SSG) last year. Project is about building partnerships and using those partnerships to affect change. The platform I will be developing is tied to a very specific technology, the immersive virtual environment (IVE), but the concept behind it is universal for anyone engaged in the success of the Global Maritime Partnership both today and tomorrow.

    • LCDR Keith Ruegger, LT Kiah Rahming, LT Will Koszarek

Quality assurance plan
Quality assurance plan

  • Student Observations Forms – every student, every course, every quarter

  • Student feedback sessions – each student cohort, every quarter, discussing every course and quality of life issues

  • Informal sensing

  • Action items managed in spreadsheet by AA; resolution tracked

  • Complicated for courses not controlled in department

  • Making progress; continuously improving

Abet status
ABET status

  • Other three programs had their review last fall (EE, ME, AE); next review in 2013

  • ABET requires longitudinal data on graduates as part of review

  • We plan to request off-cycle review in 2010

  • Known issues at this time

    • Must clearly delineate between ABET and non-ABET programs internally and externally; plan to address with separate degree names

    • Must continue to document undergraduate ABET equivalency

    • Outcome assessment is key, and will involve sponsor feedback

    • No ‘show stoppers’

Navair and other syscom expansion
NAVAIR and other SYSCOM Expansion

  • DL programs are beginning rapid growth at request of ASN RDA and SYSCOMS

    • 90 students started in FY06

    • 120 in FY07

    • 150 in FY08

    • 240 in FY09

    • 360 in FY10 and out

  • Mix includes ‘embedded faculty’ in SYSCOMs for local face-to-face instruction

    • Faculty research closely aligned/supported by SYSCOM

  • Different set of entrance requirements

  • Predominantly civilians, but significant officer component

    • Naval Test Pilot Graduates, in particular

    • Variants of 580 p-code being developed by NAVAIR

    • Billets have already been coded

    • RDML Eastburg is the NAVAIR champion

By FY2011:

800 DL students

100 Resident

The meyer institute of system engineering mise
The Meyer Institute of System Engineering (MISE)

  • Established in 2001, one of three NPS Institutes which report to Dean of Research

  • Faculty primary appointment may be in MISE or a department

    • Many SE faculty have joint appointment to MISE

  • To identify major DOD problems/needs for interdisciplinary campus-wide analysis

  • Assemble teams of faculty and students

    • Teams of Teams addressing major systems problems

  • Notable early successes

    • Seabasing (92 students 18 faculty (7 departments))

    • Force Protection (various scenarios)

    • Joint Expeditionary Logistics, others

  • Process being reinvigorated

The Meyer Institute of System EngineeringFounding Vision

Navy Problem

“Customer” with a problem


NPS Expertise

Project Leadership

NPS Student/Faculty Project

The Meyer Institute of System EngineeringFounding Vision

Navy Problem

“Customer” with a problem


NPS Expertise

Project Leadership

NPS Student/Faculty Project

Mise associated chair professors
MISE Associated Chair Professors

  • Chair, Undersea Warfare

    • RADM (Ret.) Ray Jones

    • Director, NPS USW Research Center

  • Chair, Expeditionary and Mine Warfare

    • RDML (Ret.) Rick Williams

    • Assistant Director, NPS USW Research Center

  • Northrop Grumman Ship Systems Industry Chair

    • Visiting Professor Bill Solitario (Primary Appointment to the SE Department)

Dod se reference curriculum
DoD SE Reference Curriculum

  • Developed at Stevens Institute of Technology

    • Sponsored by DoD Chief Systems and Software Engineer, OSD (AT&L)