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European Research and I nnovation Observatory PowerPoint Presentation
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European Research and I nnovation Observatory

European Research and I nnovation Observatory

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European Research and I nnovation Observatory

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  1. Joint Research Centre (JRC) Serving society, stimulating innovation, supporting legislation European Research and Innovation Observatory Jocelyne GAUDIN European Commission, Joint Research Centre jocelyne.gaudin@ec.europa.eu ERAC Plenary meeting Dublin, 13 June 2013

  2. Introduction 2 The JRC inside the European Commission President José Manuel Barroso 27 Commission Members Commissioner Mairé Geoghegan-Quinn Research, Innovation & Science Director-General Dominique Ristori Joint Research Centre DG Research & Innovation (RTD) JRC’s role is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies - see JRC website at http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/jrc/index.cfm

  3. Introduction 3 • The JRC was established 1957 • 7 institutes in 5 countries: Italy, Belgium, Germany, The Netherlands, Spain • 2,845 permanent and temporary staff • Over 1,400 scientific publications per year • 125 instances of support to the EU policy-maker annually • Budget: €356 million annually, plus €62 million earned income • Where you can find the JRC • Headquarters – Brussels • IRMM – Geel, Belgium • Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements • ITU – Karlsruhe, Germany and Ispra, Italy • Institute for Transuranium Elements • IET – Petten, The Netherlands and Ispra, Italy • Institute for Energy and Transport • IPSC– Ispra, Italy • Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen • IES – Ispra, Italy • Institute for Environment and Sustainability • IHCP – Ispra, Italy • Institute for Health and Consumer Protection • IPTS – Seville, Spain • Institute for Prospective Technological Studies

  4. Context Overall concept, mission and tasks Project state of play Perspective Introduction 4

  5. Need to address the lack of data & information Context of the European Semester & Country specific recommendations Lack of data Lack of up-dated data Lack of comparable data Contrasting with international key partners: USA: Battelle Institute (up-to-date and forecasts) Context 5

  6. Need to improve the data collection Evaluation of ERAWATCH 2: quality of information, but some shortcomings: Governance issues Outdated technologies Limitations of standard data collection & standard templates Formulation of recommendations for the Research and Innovation Observatory Context 6

  7. April 2012 - Setting up of the European Research and Innovation Observatory A core business of the JRC... Scientific expertise, staff and computational infrastructure Reputation of integrity and independence Existing experience ... at the service of: The EU: Commissioner, DGs (primary user: DG RTD) The Member States and Associated countries The general public: universities, researchers, companies, citizens Context 7

  8. Quantitative data: shortcomings & answers Multiplicity of sources: EUROSTAT, OECD, World Bank, WIPO,...  import and store datasets on the same place Fresh quantitative key indicators (GERD, BERD,...)  produce "estimates" (nowcasting methodology) Benchmark at international level  merge datasets to allow international comparison R&I Observatory answers to address these needs 8

  9. Qualitative data and policy monitoring: shortcomings & answers (1/2) Needs for more and more precise information concerning policy measures  ERA and IU Communications: around 160 "items" R&I Observatory answers to address these needs 9

  10. Qualitative data and policy monitoring: shortcomings & answers (2/2) Limitations of surveys, case studies Administrative burden Costly and lengthy process Concerns on the reliability of replies  Challenge BIG DATA ... R&I Observatory answers to address these needs 10

  11. Challenging BIG DATA with most advanced technologies BIG DATA:  Large amount + complexity + heterogeneity + unstructured Specific challenges: multiplicity of languages DATA MINING and CONTENT ANALYSIS: New tools to capture and analyse UNSTRUCTURED data on time EMM – European Media Monitoring experience – JRC Ispra Access to documents and text analytics (e.g. OSInt) R&I Observatory answers to address these needs 11

  12. Information system, incl. secure data warehouse Quantitative data collection and processing Qualitative data and policy monitoring, collection and classification Country and policy analysis R&I Observatory: a large scale knowledge infrastructure... 12 ... based on 4 interconnected pillars: Qualitative data & policy monitoring An information system based on 4 strands Information system Quantitative dataprocessing Country and policyAnalysis

  13. Information system Test and development environment available since 03/2013 (located in Ispra) Prototype development work on-going Local data center under construction in BXL Software and hardware acquisitions on-going Estimated to be operational 09/2013 Parts of development to be outsourced State of play 13

  14. Quantitative data: data retrieval List of reliable sources (Eurostat, OECD, others) and their links Library of indicators and search tools for navigating through them Automated update and collection of data and metadata. Visualisation of key data State of play 14

  15. In June for the past year. In Dec., for the running year EU Business R&D expenditure (BERD) EU R&D budget appropriations (GBAORD) EU R&D expenditure by Governments (GOVERD) Other estimates in study State of play 15 • Quantitative data: generation of estimates Dataprocessing Sample prototype products with estimates of EU BERD and GBAORD for 2012

  16. State of play 16 Estimate: example of the BERD

  17. Qualitative data Extensive list of web sites (Ministries, funding agencies, specialised news, etc.) from EU Member States, Associated Countries and selected third countries  Communication with national practitioners (CIRCABC) Library of multilingual keywords for detection/collection (e.g. 'open innovation')  Communication with national practitioners (CIRCABC) Monitoring and automated retrieval of relevant documents from web sites Annotation and processing in the Observatory Data Hub State of play 17

  18. Policy monitoring: work on key words State of play 18

  19. State of play 19 • Policy monitoring: information retrieval

  20. Analysis Both at country and sector levels 1st deliverable: country fiche: short – structured – simple & easy to read Prototype under construction Medium term: sectoral analysis (KETs, bio-economy, etc.) State of play 20 • Prototype Country Fiche • Country ID – main socio-eco. indicators • Key R&D financial flows • Framework conditions • R&D and Innovation process • External environment • Sectoral analysis I R E L A N D

  21. Concept developed from April 2012. Core team assembled List of main data sources and key datasets identified. Tests with automation ongoing Two test estimates produced for 2012 for EU (GBAORD, BERD), and one for 2012 US BERD Over 1800 sources identified for automated monitoring of developments relevant to R&I Prototype country-specific fiches being designed State of play 21

  22. Consolidate access to data and analyses fragmented across many sources Address delays in availability of quantitative data Ensure instant/timely information about policy relevant developments  First brick towards a large scale infrastructure for knowledge about innovation and R&D R&I Observatory main added value 22

  23. Presentation to the outside world: "estimates" methodologies (Eurostat, ECFIN, OECD) components of data mining methodology (source book, keywords & code book) – ongoing "country fiche" prototype Identification of possible cooperation with countries planning to build similar tools Website release EC internal website available since 04/2013 Production website planned for 10/2013 Next steps 23

  24. Thank you for your attention... Follow up contact: JRC-RI-OBSERVATORY@ec.europa.eu Research and Innovation Observatory 24