heat affects matter in different ways n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Heat Affects Matter in Different Ways PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Heat Affects Matter in Different Ways

Heat Affects Matter in Different Ways

158 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Heat Affects Matter in Different Ways

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Heat Affects Matter in Different Ways Lesson Objective: Students will describe how the particle model of matter works.

  2. First… Let’s correct • Page 189, #s 1-5

  3. The science of heat • How can heat change the state of matter? • How can it affect the particles that make up matter? • How does heat transfer from a hotter object to a colder one? • What is the difference between heat and temperature?

  4. Firefighters are challenged by heat every time they are called to deal with a fire. • Special gear protects them, but they also need to know what to expect from a fire. • How will it travel? • What is it likely to do next? • How did it start? • What type of fire is it?

  5. States of matter and the particle model of matter • Three states of matter… Solid, liquid, and gas (a fourth is plasma). • Everything in the universe is made up of matter. • One way that heat can affect matter, is by causing a change of state.

  6. Heat energy • A change of state occurs when heat energy is added or taken away (integers in math anyone??!! Who says you don’t use math in real life??!!) • Heat energy is a form of energy that transfers from matter at higher temperatures to matter at lower temperatures. • If you take an ice cube out of the freezer and place it in a hot frying pan, very quickly you would see matter change from a solid, to a liquid, to a gas (when water begins to bubble and then rises as steam).

  7. Why does ice float? • Water… Unlike other liquids on Earth, expands when it freezes. • And, solid ice is less dense than liquid water. • The result… Floating ice! • What do you think our world would be like if solid ice were more dense than water?

  8. A “Cool” Heat Challenge! • In your table groups, melt an ice cube as fast as you can. • Rules: • 1. You can only use whatever is on or under your desk right now, or whatever is “on your person”. • 2. You must keep and collect as much of the melted ice as possible. Decide how you will collect the water before you start melting the ice. • 3. You may not put the ice cube in your mouth.

  9. Use a phone… • Record your time in seconds. • Answer these questions when your group is finished: • 1. What strategies did you use to melt the ice cubes? • 2. How did you decide on your strategies? • 3. Which strategies in class worked better than others? • 4. If you could do this activity again, what would you do differently… Why? • If the rules changed, and you could use anything to melt the ice, what would you use?

  10. Water’s Changing State • In most of Canada, water goes through changes of state through the 4 seasons. • Ice is water in the solid state. The freezing point, when water changes from a liquid to a solid state, is 0 degrees Celsius. • Transferring heat energy to ice causes it to melt. The melting point, when water changes from a solid to a liquid state, is also 0 degrees Celsius.

  11. Continuing to transfer heat energy to liquid water causes the water to boil and change to a gas state. The boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius. • Transferring heat energy from water in a gas state causes it to change to a liquid state. This cooling process is called condensation. It also occurs at 100 degrees Celsius.

  12. Review • Thank you Mr. Edmonds!

  13. Particle Model of Matter • Matter can change state when heat energy is added or taken away. • A solid can melt to a liquid, liquid can boil and become a gas, when gas cools it returns to its liquid state. How does science explain these changes of state? • The particle model of matter!

  14. All matter is made up of extremely tiny particles … • Including you and me, our clothes, our cars, and our lizard, MileyCyru). • They are much too small to see except with powerful, magnifying instruments, called electron microscopes.

  15. The tiny particles of matter are always moving • The movement involves a form of energy known as kinetic energy. • Each particle of matter has kinetic energy- energy of movement.

  16. The particles have space between them • Different states of matter have different amounts of space between them.

  17. Adding heat to matter makes the particles move around faster • Faster-moving things have more kinetic energy. • So adding heat increases the kinetic energy of particles. • Heat = speeding up and increased space between particles. • Loss of Heat = slowing down and decreased space between particles. • Heat destroys the bonds between proteins (denatured).

  18. Remember… • Kinetic energy is the energy of movement. • Solids… Particles are attached to each other in all directions. Solids have a definite shape and volume. • Volume is the amount of space that matter occupies. • Because they are attached in all directions, particles are limited in their movements. • They have less kinetic energy than the particles in a liquid or gas.

  19. The particles in a liquid state are only loosely attached. • Liquids take the shape of their container, but do have a definite volume. • Empty spaces between particles are larger than those in a solid. This allows for greater range of motion. • Particles in a liquid have more kinetic energy than particles in a solid.

  20. The particles of matter in a gas state are not connected to one another. • A gas has no set shape. • The spaces between particles in a gas state are much larger than those in either a liquid or a solid. • This means the particles of gas have the greatest freedom of movement and the highest levels of kinetic energy.

  21. The effect of heat on particles • Heat changes the speed of moving particles of matter. • Transferring heat to a substance increases the movement or kinetic energy of the particles in that substance. • Transferring heatfroma substancedecreasesthe movement or kinetic energy of the particles in that substance.

  22. Read the chart on page 196 in your text. • Check & Reflect, page 197, 1-3