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Disease Categories. Hereditary . Causes by errors in genetic information Like abnormalities in chromosomes or due to environmental factors Examples?. Congenital . Born with diseases, perhaps because of mother’s drug use, a prescription that caused birth defects

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hereditary
Hereditary
  • Causes by errors in genetic information
  • Like abnormalities in chromosomes or due to environmental factors
  • Examples?
congenital
Congenital
  • Born with diseases, perhaps because of mother’s drug use, a prescription that caused birth defects
  • Like Accutane, an acne medication, taken off market;including brain, heart, and face deformities
  • Abnormalities may also develop in-utero, during formative stage (1st trimester)
  • Over exposure to x-rays
degenerative
Degenerative
  • Resulting from breakdown of body parts
  • Conditions associated with aging, heart attacks, strokes, arthritis, vessel blockage
neoplastic
Neoplastic
  • New growths
  • Due to chemical agents, like radiation
  • Too much sun or x-rays
  • Viruses like HPV or cell changes, cancer
metabolic
Metabolic
  • Body’s production of necessary or essential chemical or proper functioning is non-existent or defective
  • Diabetes, thyroid problems, lactose intolerance, etc.
nutritional
Nutritional
  • Not enough nutrients; minerals, vitamins or proteins
  • Rickets is a vitamin D deficiency; causing bone to soften and legs bow
  • Scurvy; lack of vitamin C
immunologic
Immunologic
  • Result from improper function of body’s immune system
  • Overactive suppressor T cells contribute to immunologic diseases like Rheumatoid Arthritis; body attacks itself
infectious
Infectious
  • Highly contagious caused by pathogens, disease causing organisms
  • Including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites
psychogenic
Psychogenic
  • Caused by emotional factors including stress that may be associated with: fear, anxiety, and crises
  • May cause gastrointestinal disorders, skin irritations, breathing difficulties
  • Examples?
bacteria
Bacteria
  • Cocci:
  • round, or chains; streptococcus
  • Bacilli:
  • Diplobacillus & Streptobacillus
  • Spirals:
  • twisted, bent, compressed forms and vibrio; like a comma
epidemiology
Epidemiology

Study of populations and diseases that affect them:

  • Epidemic:
  • involves a large segment of population for a limited period of time

2. Endemic:

  • involves a certain geographical area; affects few individuals

3. Pandemic:

  • affects several countries or the world

4.Sporadic Diseases:

  • rare, irregular; like whooping cough