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PERTUSSIS . Whooping Cough. Pertussis. “Whooping cough” It is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection Advanced stages may lead to a high pitched intake of air that make a “whoop” sound. Symptoms. Symptoms take 3 to 12 days to appear Stage1:

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pertussis

PERTUSSIS

Whooping Cough

pertussis1
Pertussis
  • “Whooping cough”
  • It is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection
  • Advanced stages may lead to a high pitched intake of air that make a “whoop” sound
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Symptoms take 3 to 12 days to appear
  • Stage1:
    • Dry cough, sneezing, runny nose, mild fever
    • Lasts up to 2 weeks
    • Most likely to be spread in this stage
  • Stage 2:
    • Uncontrollable coughing fits
    • Lasts 2-4 weeks
  • Stage 3
    • Cough may get louder
    • May have coughing fits on and off for weeks
causes
Causes

Bodetella Pertussis

  • Caused by bacteria
    • Interferes with your respiratory tract’s ability to sweep away germs
    • Creates thick mucus that causes coughing
bodetella pertussis
Bodetella Pertussis
  • The bacteria attached to the cilia of the respiratory epithelial cells
  • Toxins produced by the bacteria paralyze cilia
risk factors
Risk Factors
  • There is a vaccine for whooping cough
  • Teens and young adults whose vaccine has worn off
  • Young children who have not yet finished their vaccines
  • Infants 6 months and younger are at greater risk
complications
Complications

In Adults:

  • Usually no complications
  • Maybe be more dangerous for the elderly
  • Most complications arise from strenuous coughing:
    • Bruising or cracked ribs
    • Abdominal hernias
    • Broken blood vessels in the skin or whites of eyes
complications1
Complications

In Infants:

  • Complications are much more severe
  • May be life threatening for children under 6 months
  • Children may get:
    • Ear infections
    • Pneumonia
    • Slowed or stopped breathing
    • Dehydration
    • Seizures
    • Brain damage
diagnosis
Diagnosis

Nose Culture

  • Just describe your symptoms to a doctor
  • Blood tests
  • chest x-ray
  • Nose or throat culture
treatment
Treatment
  • Infants and elderly are usually hospitalized
  • Antibiotics are given
  • Cough relief