Disaster Risk Reduction General concepts. Vlatko Jovanovski,MDMa Protection and Rescue Directorate ul.Vasko Karangeleski 8, 1000 Skopje firstname.lastname@example.org +389 75 457 538. Content. Disaster risk reduction Evolution Core elements DRR challenges Climate change Urbanization
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Disaster Risk Reduction General concepts Vlatko Jovanovski,MDMa Protection and Rescue Directorate ul.Vasko Karangeleski 8, 1000 Skopje email@example.com +389 75 457 538
Content • Disaster risk reduction • Evolution • Core elements • DRR challenges • Climate change • Urbanization • Information management • Conclusion
DRR a moving agenda International Decade on Natural Disaster Reduction 1990-1999 United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) 2000 Global Platform for DRR 2007 1994 Yokohama Strategy – World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction 2005 World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction - Kobe
Hyogo Framework for Action 2005 - 2015 • Make DRR national priority; • Identification, assessment and monitoring of disaster risks; • Using knowledge and innovation for DRR; • Reducing underlying factors and • Strengthening preparedness capacities.
DRR definition “The conceptual framework of elements considered with the possibilities to minimize vulnerabilities and disaster risks throughout a society, to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development.” Source UNISDR,2009
Disasters as social constructions Pakistan floods, 2010 Haiti earthquake, 2010 Hurricane Katrina, 2005 Great East Japan earthquake,2010
Conceptual framework for DM Disaster Management (DM) Rec. Resp Disaster Risk Reduction Risk Assessment Prevention Mitigation Preparedness Risk Analysis Risk Eval. Sustainable development
Concept of Risk Risk(R) HAZARD(H) VULNERABILITY(V) DISASTER Modified from C.Wamsler, Lund Univerisity 2012
Risk Assessment • Answers the questions: • What can happen? • How likely is that to happen? • What will the consequences be? • Challenges • Risk perception • Time • Agent • Multi-hazard
Risk assessment outcomes Source:I.Davis,2012
Challenges • Urbanization • More than half of the world’s current population lives in cities • By the year 2015 there are expected to be 60 megacities in the world, each with a population of 10 million or more people • High concentrations of resources and people within cities also mean that the economic social, and environmental costs of extreme events are high in urban areas ,
Challenges • Climate change • increase the frequency and magnitude of many types of extreme events, including floods, droughts, tropical cyclones and wildfires • change the nature of many types of hazards • may lead to relocation within and between countries
Challenges • Digital era • Number of cell phone users is bigger than the total world population • Use of social media in disaster management
“The difficulty in securing and maintaining resources for disaster risk reduction is that if it is successful, nothing happens and nobody knows about it” John Tomblin,1988