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slide1
The US Army

CPT Woodruff

MTU ARMY ROTC

agenda
Agenda
  • US MILITARY BRANCHES
  • Active Duty / USAR / NATIONAL GUARD
  • RANK STRUCTURE/UNIT STRUCTURE
  • ARMY DIVISIONS
  • ARMY BRANCHES
slide3
US Military Branches
  • US Air Force
  • US Army
  • US Navy
  • US Marine Corps
slide5
US Army Mission
  • Preserve the peace and security, and provide for the defense of the United States, the Territories, Commonwealths, and Possessions, and any areas occupied by the United States
  • Support national policies
  • Implement national objectives
  • Overcome any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United States
america s army
America’s Army
  • Foundation
    • Established 14 June 1775 by Continental Congress
  • Articles of Confederation
    • First roles and missions: “Provide for the common defense”
the constitution 1787
The Constitution - 1787
  • Principle of civilian control over military
  • Congress:
    • Raises and supports military services
    • Declares war
    • Makes rules for governing and regulating the services
  • President:
    • Commander in Chief
    • Authority to make treaties and to appoint Federal Officers
    • Directs national security affairs
the total army
The Total Army

RESERVES

205K

NATIONAL GUARD

350K

ACTIVE

495K

army reserve
Army Reserve
  • Formed in 1908. After WW I, the National Defense Act of 1920 established the Organized Reserve Corps which includes both units and individuals.
  • The Army Reserve is not under state control.
  • Provides the bulk of combat service support (CSS), as well as some combat support (CS), for the Total Army.
army reserve11
Army Reserve
  • Selected Reserve: Army Reserve Units, Individual Mobilization Augmentees, Active Guard/Reservists. Total strength about 204,500.
  • Individual Ready Reserve: Individuals who have completed active duty and reserve training requirements, or have left active duty recently and still have a reserve commitment. Total strength about 155,000.
  • Retired Reserve: Individuals who have completed 20 years of qualifying service for retirement. (Approx 693,300)
army national guard
Army National Guard
  • Lineage traced to militias formed during the French and Indian Wars in 1700s.
  • Provides, primarily, combat and combat support unit reinforcements, as well as some combat service support, for the active Army.
  • Provides combat reinforcement capability with 15 “enhanced readiness” brigades, trained and equipped to reinforce deployed AC forces within 90 days
slide13
Enlisted Ranks

Enlisted Members (EMs)

No Rank

E-1 Private (PVT)

E-2 Private (PV2)

E-3 Private First Class (PFC)

E-4 Specialist (SPC) or Corporal (CPL)

slide14
Enlisted Ranks

Non-Commissioned Officers

E-5 Sergeant (SGT)

E-6 Staff Sergeant (SSG)

E-7 Sergeant First Class (SFC)

slide15
Enlisted Ranks

Non-Commissioned Officers

E-8 Master Sergeant or First Sergeant

(MSG) (1SG)

E-9 Sergeant Major or Command Sergeant

(SGM) Major (CSM)

E-9 Special Sergeant Major of the Army

slide16
Warrant Officers

W1 Warrant Officer

W2 Chief Warrant Officer 2

W3 Chief Warrant Officer 3

W4 Chief Warrant Officer 4

W5 Chief Warrant Officer 5

slide17
Commissioned Officers

Company Grade

O-1 2nd Lieutenant (2LT)

O-2 1st Lieutenant (1LT)

O-3 Captain (CPT)

slide18
Commissioned Officers

Field Grade

O-4 Major (MAJ)

O-5 Lieutenant Colonel (LTC)

O-6 Colonel (COL)

slide19
Commissioned Officers

General Officer

O-7 Brigadier General (BG)

O-8 Major General (MG)

O-9 Lieutenant General (LTG)

O-10 General (GEN)

slide21
Team

Team Leader

Rifleman

Automatic Rifleman

Grenadier

slide22
Squad

Graphic Symbol

Squad Leader

Team Leader

Team Leader

Automatic Rifleman

Grenadier

Automatic Rifleman

Grenadier

Rifleman

Rifleman

slide23
Platoon

Graphic Symbol

Platoon Leader

Platoon Sergeant

Squad Leader

Squad Leader

Squad Leader

slide24
Company

Graphic Symbol

Company Commander

Executive Officer

First Sergeant

Platoon Leader

Platoon Leader

Platoon Leader

1st SQD

2nd SQD

1st SQD

2nd SQD

1st SQD

2nd SQD

3rd SQD

3rd SQD

3rd SQD

slide25
Battalion

Graphic Symbol

Executive Officer

Battalion Commander

Command Sergeant Major

Operations Officer

Line Company Commander

Line Company Commander

Line Company Commander

Headquarters Company Commander

slide26
Brigade
  • Commander normally a Colonel (O-6)
  • Two or more Battalions make up a Brigade
  • Are often organized in Brigade Combat Teams consisting of an Artillery BN, Engineer BN, and Forward Support BN in addition to organic manuever BNs
  • Graphic symbol (one X)

X

X

Mech Inf Bde

Mech Inf Bn

Mech Inf Bn

Armor Bn

slide27
Divisions
  • Commander normally a Major General (O-8)
  • Each Division has C2, combat, combat service, combat service support units
  • 10 active duty Divisions in US Army
  • Five types of Divisions: Armored
    • Mechanized
    • Light Infantry
    • Airborne
    • Air Assault
  • graphic symbol (two Xs)

XX

slide28
Active Divisions

CONUS

Armored

Air Assault

Light Infantry

1st Cavalry Div

Ft Hood, TX

1st Armored Div

Ft Riley , KS (1 Bde)

101st Airborne Div

Ft Campbell, KY

10th Mountain Div

Ft Drum, NY

25th Infantry Div

Ft Lewis, WA (1 Bde)

Mechanized

Airborne

1st Infantry Div

Ft Riley, KS (1 Bde)

2nd Infantry Div

Ft Lewis, WA (1 Bde)

4th Infantry Div

Ft Hood, TX

Ft Carson, CO

3rd Infantry Div

Ft Stewart, GA

Ft Benning, GA

82nd Airborne Div

Ft Bragg, NC

slide29
Active Divisions

OCONUS

Armored

Light Infantry

25th Infantry Div

Schofield Barracks, HI

1st Armored Div

Bad Kreuznach, Germany

Mechanized

2nd Infantry Div

Camp Red Cloud, Korea

1st Infantry Div

Wurzburg, Germany

slide30
Types of Branches of the US Army

1) Combat Arms:

involved in actual fighting

2) Combat Support:

provide operational assistance to combat arms to include combat missions as necessary

3) Combat Service Support:

provide logistical and administrative support to the army; personnel normally not directly involved in combat operations

slide31
Combat Arms

Infantry

Corps of Engineers

Armor

Aviation

Air Defense Artillery

Field Artillery

Special Forces

slide32
Combat Support

Military Police

Aviation

Corps of Engineers

Chemical Corps

Signal Corps

Military Intelligence

slide33
Combat Service Support

Adjutant General Corps

Finance Corps

Ordnance Corps

Transportation Corps

Quartermaster Corps

Special Branches

JAG Corps

Medical Corps

Dental Corps

Nurse Corps

Veterinary Corps

Chaplain Corps

chain of command bottom line
Chain of Command Bottom Line

Division Commander

Brigade Commander

Battalion Commander

Company Commander

Platoon Leader

Squad Leader

Team Leader

Commander in Chief

Secretary of Defense

Secretary of the Army

Army Chief of Staff

Theater Commander

Army Group Commander

Corps Commander

summary
Summary
  • US MILITARY BRANCHES
  • Active Duty / USAR / NATIONAL GUARD
  • RANK STRUCTURE/UNIT STRUCTURE
  • ARMY DIVISIONS
  • ARMY BRANCHES
conclusion
Conclusion

QUESTIONS

OR

COMMENTS

ad