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Spanish America and Brazil. Spain’s New World Empire. State and Church. Spanish America expanded rapidly after 1492 Portugal controlled Brazilian coast by 1600 Colonial administration was based on the European model Spanish Council of the Indies replaced conquistadors

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Spanish america and brazil

Spanish America and Brazil



State and church
State and Church

  • Spanish America expanded rapidly after 1492

  • Portugal controlled Brazilian coast by 1600

  • Colonial administration was based on the European model

  • Spanish Council of the Indies replaced conquistadors

  • Distance from Europe meant viceroys had a degree of independence


Spanish america and brazil


Colonial economies
Colonial Economies culture)

  • American gold, silver, sugar financed European global domination

  • 1st labor systems (encomienda, mita) est. w/Amerindian labor

  • Over time, African slave trade became more important


Colonial society
Colonial Society culture)

  • European immigrants exerted disproportionate control (Peninsulares, creoles)

  • “Indian” became a racial signifier

  • Mestizos and mulattoes-mixed ancestry

  • Those w/African ancestry barred from privileged positions by 1600


Spanish america and brazil

English and French culture)

Colonies in North America


English motivations
English Motivations culture)

  • Find NW Passage to Asia

  • Rival Spanish

  • Source of raw materials, export market

  • First English colony (Roanoke, 1587) failed

Roanoke Island-The “Lost Colony”


Southern colonies
Southern Colonies culture)

  • VA Company- est. 1606

  • Jamestown Colony- f. 1607

  • New colony struggled to survive (disease, location, etc.)


Spanish america and brazil


Middle atlantic colonies
Middle Atlantic Colonies later slaves

  • English captured New Amsterdam-1664 (renamed NY)

  • New colony linked NE and S

  • NJ-accommodated expanding pop.

  • PA-haven for Quakers

  • Economy-trade, farming


New england colonies
New England Colonies later slaves

  • 1st colonies (Plymouth, MA Bay) est. by Puritans escaping persecution

  • Economy-based on trade and farming

  • Other NE colonies (NH, CT, RI) founded due to expan. From MA


New france
New France later slaves

  • Cartier-claimed land around the St. Lawrence River for France in 1534

  • Champlain-founded Quebec as 1st Fr. colony in the New World in 1608

  • Economy depended on fur trade

  • French missionaries would spread Catholicism (Jesuits)