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Puritans. Puritans. Puritans are harassed by King Charles and the Church and flee England in 1630 They wanted to “purify” the Church of it’s Catholic practices Receive a royal charter to settle in New England and are a joint-stock company

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  • Puritans are harassed by King Charles and the Church and flee England in 1630
  • They wanted to “purify” the Church of it’s Catholic practices
  • Receive a royal charter to settle in New England and are a joint-stock company
  • Are well prepared for any problem and do not suffer any hardships like the “Starving Time”
puritan devotion
Puritan Devotion
  • Puritans have been portrayed as uptight Protestants but in actuality were:
    • devoted to their God but they should not get lost in life’s pleasures (they enjoyed good food, drink, had sex with their spouse, music but in moderation)
    • They took every aspect of life seriously and gave great effort to whatever task they faced
    • Strongly believed that they had a covenant with God, if they followed it then they were saved if not then they would face God’s fiery wrath
a bad rap for puritan devotion
A Bad Rap for Puritan Devotion?
  • Puritans strongly supported the idea that church and government should work together to promote spiritual holiness and material success
  • Puritans had the opportunity to create their own society, so why not fulfill their covenant with God by using government
a better start
A Better Start
  • Unlike Jamestown the Massachusetts Bay Colony was not located near swamps and had a cooler climate
  • It also had a large clean water supply
  • There was an absence of mosquitoes that carry malaria
the puritan plan for success
The Puritan Plan for Success
  • Puritans learned from the mistakes made by Jamestown colonists but supplies spoil
  • Most are families that come, but half die on trip or are scared by the sight of wilderness
  • Puritans agreed to live in an orderly society, male members signed an agreement called a covenant
the pilgrims arrive
The Pilgrims Arrive
  • The Pilgrims (separatists) are escaping religious persecution under King James I. Pilgrims want to separate from the Church of England.
  • Arrive in 1620 they land outside of the charter’s grant and must form their own governing body
  • The Mayflower Compact, 1620, was the 1st example of self-rule in colonies. It was written for the good of all community members and supported idea of majority rule.
pilgrim leadership
Pilgrim Leadership
  • William Bradford, 1st governor of Plymouth proclaims Indians are “savage and brutish men”
  • Miles Standish, a soldier will attack enemies of Wampanoag and placed Indian heads on pikes
  • Pilgrims begin to live on Indian lands and live in Indian homes left empty because of diseases and warfare
early troubles
Early Troubles
  • Pilgrims go through their own ‘Starving Time” minus cannibalism
  • Indians will help them learn about planting crops under the condition that Pilgrims protect them from their enemies
  • This is why there is a famous first Thanksgiving in the fall of 1621
city upon a hill
“City Upon a Hill”
  • Sermon by John Winthrop that inspired Puritan colonists with a sense of “holy duty”
  • Puritans would be a model of a perfect Protestant community for all the world to see
political development of massachusetts bay colony
Political Development of Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • The Puritans hold town meetings were men meet to make laws and discussed community issues
  • Only male church members could vote on issues and elect their representatives
  • Those that can vote in local government are called “freemen”
With Indians they at first learn how to agricultural techniques and learn how to farm corn, beans, pumpkins, and potatoes
  • Puritans are involved in trade with Indians for items like: blankets, iron pots, metal tipped arrows and guns
  • Puritans will concentrate on raising livestock which need open fields to graze and desire Indian land