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WINTER DRIVING TIPS BeaveRun MotorSports Complex 201 Penndale Road Wampum, PA 16157 www.beaverun.com 724.535.1000 IS YOUR VEHICLE READY? Know your vehicle. Read your Owner's Manual and winterize the following: battery and lights defroster and heater motor oil – correct viscosity

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winter driving tips

WINTER DRIVING TIPS

BeaveRun MotorSports Complex

201 Penndale Road

Wampum, PA 16157

www.beaverun.com

724.535.1000

is your vehicle ready
IS YOUR VEHICLE READY?
  • Know your vehicle. Read your Owner's Manual and winterize the following:
    • battery and lights
    • defroster and heater
    • motor oil – correct viscosity
    • wiper blades and treated windshield washer fluid
    • antifreeze
    • Cooling system (thermostat)
    • belts, hoses and filters
    • tire pressure
    • brakes and brake fluid
    • exhaust system
tires tires tires
TIRES, TIRES, TIRES
  • Four Winter Tires – Buy tires and rims
  • All Season, M & S are compromises
  • Long-wearing tires are too hard
  • Narrow & tall tires best for snow
  • Consider ice tires vs. snow tires
  • Consider minus sizing wheel/tire combination
carry along
CARRY ALONG!

Stock car with basic safety equipment and breakdown kit including:

  • emergency cash
  • scraper and brush
  • rags or paper towels
  • small shovel
  • jumper cables
  • tow strap
  • salt
  • traction mats
  • bag of cat litter for tire traction
  • road flares or reflectors
  • sunglasses
  • blanket
  • gloves
  • boots
  • warm clothing
  • flashlight
  • extra flashlight batteries
  • food
  • water
  • first-aid kit
  • cell phone charger
  • wind-up charger
  • non-perishable snack food
prepare to go
PREPARE TO GO!
  • Full fuel tank
  • Full treated washer fluid
  • Check oil level
  • Check tire pressures
  • Clean windows and light lenses
  • Check cell phone and charger
  • Clean snow & ice from vehicle
  • Check weather and traffic advisory forecast
  • Back into garage/parking area
ready to go
READY TO GO!
  • Be sure wipers aren’t frozen to glass
  • Let vehicle warm up as you clean hood, roof, trunk, glass etc.
  • Turn on rear window defroster
  • Recheck all lights, including turn signals
  • Turn on low beam headlights
  • Use seatbelts for all occupants
  • Clean out front of car
driving tips
DRIVING TIPS
  • Plan for time to reach destination
  • Don’t be overconfident with all-wheel or four-wheel drive
  • Slow down
  • Do not use cruise control
  • Keep distance in front and behind – 4-second rule
  • Keep distance when stopped
  • Look up; look ahead; watch lights
  • Use only smooth and precise inputs
  • Be aware of bridges and overpasses – shiny surfaces
  • Watch mirrors
  • Change lanes in clear areas
  • Test the surface
  • Practice
traction tips
TRACTION TIPS
  • Rear drive cars – weight over rear axle
  • If stuck, rock car gently. Do not spin in one place. Use traction mat or kitty litter if necessary
  • On hill, consider putting two wheels on edge of roadway
  • Use inertia
  • Use highest gear possible
  • If wheels start to spin on hill, ease off throttle, then resume speed
  • If rear wheels skid, turn steering wheel in direction of skid. LOOK WHERE YOU WANT THE VEHICLE TO GO
  • Consider turning traction control off
braking tips
BRAKING TIPS
  • Brake gently – use toes & keep heel on floor
  • Threshold braking
  • May use ABS if you have it
  • Plan ahead
  • Brake steadily on hill – may not be good to downshift
  • Brake on dry pavement if possible
  • Don’t brake hard on black ice
  • Don’t brake in turn – brake in straight line
  • Use defensive braking – flash brake lights
you re in a skid
YOU’RE IN A SKID!
  • Above all, don’t panic
  • With rear wheel skid, look where you want to go and steer in that direction
  • Open steering in front wheel skid – Use SAW!
  • Don’t brake or accelerate
  • Shift to neutral if possible
  • Declutch manual transmission
if you re stuck or stranded
IF YOU’RE STUCK OR STRANDED
  • Don’t panic
  • Put out reflectors or flares
  • Use four way flashers
  • Avoid over-exertion or over-exposure
  • Stay in vehicle if you can’t move it
  • Call law enforcement personnel
  • Make sure exhaust isn’t clogged
  • Keep warm – use clothes and blankets
  • Crack window if the vehicle is running
  • Don’t leave vehicle unless you can see destination
  • Don’t sleep (or take turns)
  • Watch for rescuers
what s the difference between an average driver and a good driver
WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN AVERAGE DRIVER AND A GOOD DRIVER?
  • The average driver reacts to conditions and often ends up in a crisis
  • A good driver anticipates conditions and knows how to address them