The Growth of the Railroads: Railroads Lead the Way - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Growth of the Railroads: Railroads Lead the Way

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    1. The Growth of the Railroads: Railroads Lead the Way 1865-1900

    4. Railroad Expansion Railroad Barons After consolidation a few individuals controlled the nations rail traffic. They were aggressive and competitive. With few laws to regulate business, some methods used were questionable (i.e. pools). Cornelius Vanderbilt New York Central Line James J. Hill Great Northern Line Collis P. Huntington and Leland Stanford Central Pacific Line

    5. Use of Questionable Methods by Railroad Barons Rebates Large railroads offered secret discounts to their biggest customers Smaller railroads were forced out of business Discounts to big customers raised freight rates for farmers and those shipping small amounts of goods. Pools Secret agreement among railroad barons that set rates for a region With limited competition railroads could charge higher rates and make a larger profit.

    6. Railroads Spur the Economy Carried raw materials (iron ore, coal, timber) to factories and manufactured goods to markets. Spurred the growth of the iron, steel and timber industry. Railroad companies provided work for thousands of people.

    7. Improving the Railroads Long distance railroad travel was difficult because of the different gauges or widths of track. Trains of one line could not use another lines track. With the consolidation of companies came the adoption of a standard gauge (4, 8.5) Allowed faster shipment of goods

    8. Railroad Technology New technology improved railway transportation George Westinghouse Devised air brakes that improved the system for stopping trains. Eli H. Janey Invented car couplers making it easier to link cars Gustavus Swift Hired an engineer to develop a refrigerated railroad car. 1877 first refrigerated meat was shipped. George M. Pullman Developed the Pullman sleeping cara luxury railway car with seats that converted into beds.

    9. Railroad Technology

    10. Railroads Change America American industry such as flour milling and agricultural equipment expanded west. Trains redistributed the population. Carried Homesteaders West Made it easy for people to move from the rural areas to the cities A national system of time was developed Opened up the entire U.S. to settlement and economic growth. United different regions of the country into a single network