chapter 12 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 12 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 12

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Chapter 12 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 317 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 12 Political Organization Chapter Questions What roles do politics, law and religion play in regulating human behavior? What are the major forms of political organization and how are they related to other features of culture and society? Egalitarian Societies

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 12' - omer


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 12

Chapter 12

Political Organization

chapter questions
Chapter Questions
  • What roles do politics, law and religion play in regulating human behavior?
  • What are the major forms of political organization and how are they related to other features of culture and society?
egalitarian societies
Egalitarian Societies
  • Access to resources, power, or prestige.
  • Number of social positions.
  • Bands and tribes.
rank society
Rank Society
  • Institutionalized differences in prestige.
  • Kinship group- source for survival.
  • Horticulture or pastoral societies.
    • Chiefdoms
    • The Bigman
stratified society
Stratified Society
  • Social and economic inequality.
  • Denied access to basic resources.
  • Characterized by differences.
  • Organized by market systems.
  • Agriculture and industrialism.
    • State system
power vs authority
Power vs. Authority
  • Political Ideology- reasons to conform:
    • Deep belief
    • Expected benefit
    • Fear
    • No alternative
women and political offices
Women and Political Offices

Multicultural differences in gender political power.

  • Yoruba of Nigeria
  • Nigeria - Igbo
  • Mende - women power in roles as mothers
law social control conflict management
Law Social Control & Conflict Management

Ways societies deal with abnormal behavior and conflict:

  • Internalization of norms & values
    • Stratified & chiefdoms
  • Informal mechanisms
    • Gossip and ridicule
    • Witchcraft accusations
    • Avoidance
    • Supernatural sanctions
4 types of political structures band societies
4 Types of political structures:Band Societies
  • Small group of people (20 to 50)
  • Related by blood or marriage
  • Live together- territory they forage
  • Egalitarian
  • Decision-making is by consensus.
  • Leaders- elderly.
  • Leaders- persuasion.
  • Sharing and generosity.
band societies social order
Band Societies: Social Order
  • Maintained by gossip, ridicule, and avoidance.
  • Violations of norms= sins.
  • Offenders controlled- ritual means (like public confessions).
  • Offender- a patient not a criminal.
tribal societies
Tribal Societies
  • Members-same ancestor.
  • Pastoralists and horticulturalists.
  • Egalitarian
  • Leadership: Bigman
chiefdom societies
Chiefdom Societies

Characteristics:

  • Monumental architecture
  • Distinct ceremonial centers
  • Elaborate grave goods- social status
  • Larger settlements by smaller villages
  • Cultivators and pastoralists
state societies
State Societies
  • Central government with monopoly over the use of force.
  • More populous, heterogeneous, and powerful.
  • Able to organize large populations for coordinated action.
  • Defend against external threats.
rise of state system
Rise of State System
  • Nation & State
  • Childe’s voluntaristic theory
  • Carneiro’s coercive theory