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Medieval Gothic. C. 1140-1550. Emotion Passion Faith. Sculpture-. Terms: Jamb Pieta Realism Classicism Quatrefoil Typanum. Chartres 1145- 1st example of Gothic sculpture. Symmetry Clarity Statues rather than reliefs Realism Emphasis on joining of spiritual and secular.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Medieval

Gothic

C. 1140-1550

Emotion

Passion

Faith

slide2

Sculpture-

Terms:

Jamb

Pieta

Realism

Classicism

Quatrefoil

Typanum

slide3

Chartres 1145- 1st example of Gothic sculpture

  • Symmetry
  • Clarity
  • Statues rather than reliefs
  • Realism
  • Emphasis on joining of
  • spiritual and secular

Jamb statues, west portal

Chartres Cathedral 1145-70

slide4

Done after fire

  • New style-High Gothic
  • Heads are not aligned
  • with body
  • Realism!!
  • New classicism-Pathos

Jamb statues, south trancept,

Chartres Cathedral, 1215-20

slide5

Death of the Virgin, tympanum

Strasburg Cathedral c.1220

  • Classical in nature- robes, very tight composition
  • Gothic- Pathos, emotion, tenderness
slide6

Annunciation and Visitation, west portal

  • Reims Cathedral c. 1225-45
  • Height of Gothic Classicism
  • Enacting a narrative scene-warmth and affection
  • S-curve of figures-contrapposto
slide7

Melchizedek and Abraham, west wall

Reims Cathedral, 1251

  • “Elegant Style”-deep recessed, light v. shadow
  • More pictorial than sculptural
slide8

The Virgin of Paris

Notre Dame early 14th Century

  • 50 years later!
  • Classicism is gone
  • No Contrapposto
  • No elegance, more abstract
slide9

Signs of the Zodiac, Labors of the Month

West Façade, Amiens Cathedral 1220-1230

“Realism of the Particulars”- specific details, observations of everyday life- intimate realism

slide10

What earlier sculpture does this remind you of?

Tomb of a Knight, Dorchester Abbey

Oxfordshire, England c. 1260

Gothic style spread to England- mostly seen in tomb sculpture- death is violent action rather than peace

slide11

Crucifixion, Naumburg Cathedral c. 1240-50

  • The Naumburg Master
  • German technique from French
  • Sacred subject comes down to earth-weight and volume
  • PATHOS
slide12

Pieta- “Pity” and “Piety”

  • Completely made up
  • Appealed to private worship
  • Reflects the emotional nature of medieval art
  • Heads enlarged to show emotion

Pieta, Early 14th c.

slide13

The International Style

  • Claus Sluter-
  • Lavish drapery
  • Forms reach out into space
  • Precise realism
  • Portrait-like individualism-first portraits since antiquity

Claus Sluter, The Moses Well 1395-1406

slide14

ITALY

  • Nicola Pisano, Pulpit,
  • Pisa Cathedral, 1259-60
  • Greatest of medieval classicists
  • Space is squeezed together-shallow
  • Still Gothic details
slide15

Lorenzo Ghiberti, The Sacrifice of Isaac, 1401-2

  • Continuation of the International style-
  • Won competition for Baptistry door
  • Very detailed surface
  • Calm rather than dramatic
  • Admiration of ancient sculpture
  • Spatial quality is new