Internet Setup in Microsoft Windows - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Internet Setup in Microsoft Windows

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  1. Internet Setup in Microsoft Windows Windows Layering Bindings Adding Adapters, Protocols, and Clients TCP/IP Configuration

  2. Windows Layering vs. TCP/IP-OSI

  3. Windows Layering vs. TCP/IP-OSI • Clients and Services • For file service • Clients set up Windows to be a client for a particular type of file server • Services set up Windows to make a user’s PC provide file and print services for other PCs on the network • Very limited; not for file servers on large PC networks

  4. Windows Layering vs. TCP/IP-OSI • Protocols • Combination of transport and internet layer protocols • TCP/IP is only one possibility • IPX/SPX for Novell NetWare servers; Microsoft sometimes calls this NW Link • NetBEUI for some Microsoft servers on small PC networks

  5. Windows Layering vs. TCP/IP-OSI • Adapters • Combination of data link layer and physical layer protocols • The subnet layers • Dial-Up adapter sets up a modem and PPP • Other “adapters,” including Ethernet for a network interface card (NIC)

  6. Bindings • Bindings • After add clients, services, protocols, and adapters, must bind the combinations that will work together Client for MS Windows Other Added Client Binding IPX/SPX Protocol TCP/IP Protocol Binding Ethernet Adapter Dial-Up Adapter

  7. Bindings • Bindings • Bindings create communication paths between adjacent layer processes Client for MS Windows Other Added Client Binding IPX/SPX Protocol TCP/IP Protocol Binding Ethernet Adapter Dial-Up Adapter

  8. Configuring Networking in Windows • In Windows 95 and Windows 98, • Go to the Start Button • Choose Settings • Choose Control Panel • Double click the Network icon • This opens the Network Dialog Box

  9. The Network Dialog Box • Be sure the Configuration tab is selected • You will see adapters, protocols, clients, and services that have already been added • Operations • Add: To add an adapter, protocol, client, or service • Remove: To remove one • Properties: To see or change the properties of the selected adapter, protocol, client, or service

  10. The Network Dialog Box • The Add Button • Clicking the “Add” button takes you to the Select Network Component Type dialog box • Choose client, protocol, adapter, or service, then hit Add • Assume you chose “protocol” You then go to the Select Network Protocol dialog box • Other choices will take you to the relevant Select Network … dialog box

  11. The Network Dialog Box • Select Network Protocol Dialog Box • Click on a manufacturer to see the protocols it offers; then click on the specific protocol • Hit OK to add the protocol from files on your hard drive or Have Disk if you have a disk containing the protocol • The selected protocol will be added • The Select Network Client, Service, and Adapter dialog boxes work the same way

  12. The Network Dialog Box • To configure a protocol after adding it • Go to the Network Dialog Box • Click on the target protocol, etc. • Click on the Properties button below it • A dialog box specific to that protocol, etc. will appear • This will allow you to configure the protocol, etc.

  13. The TCP/IP Properties Box • To configure TCP/IP • Click on TCP/IP on the Configuration tab of the Network Dialog Box • Click on the Properties button below it • This opens the TCP/IP Properties dialog box • The TCP/IP Properties dialog box has multiple tabs

  14. The TCP/IP Properties Box • By default, the IP Address tab is shown when you open the TCP/IP Properties Dialog Box • There are two radio buttons allowing you to either • “Specify an IP address” or • “Obtain an IP address automatically”

  15. The TCP/IP Properties Box • “Specify an IP address” • Type in your PC’s permanent IP address • Type in your local subnet mask (discussed in Chapter 3) • Also, on other tabs, setup other parameters • Gateway (default router) • DNS Configuration • Bindings

  16. The TCP/IP Properties Box • “Specify an IP address” • Gateway: IP address router to send packets to if no other router is specified; Gateway is the old name for router • DNS Configuration: Enable or disable DNS, enter DNS host’s IP address and IP address of backup DNS host • Bindings: bindings between the TCP/IP protocol and clients/services and adapters

  17. The TCP/IP Properties Box • “Obtain IP address automatically” • Asks a DHCP autoconfiguration host for a temporary IP address • Also obtains most other configuration information from the autoconfiguration host as well • Almost always the best choice for client PCs