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Measuring Up 2004 Illinois Measuring Up: The Basics Looks at higher education for the entire state, not individual colleges and universities. Focuses on undergraduate education and training beyond high school. Measures “performance,” not “effort.” “Diagnostic” rather than “prescriptive.”

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measuring up the basics
Measuring Up: The Basics
  • Looks at higher education for the entire state, not individual colleges and universities.
  • Focuses on undergraduate education and training beyond high school.
  • Measures “performance,” not “effort.”
  • “Diagnostic” rather than “prescriptive.”
  • New this year: progress over the past decade.
measuring up the basics3
Measuring Up: The Basics
  • Six categories of performance (five graded).
  • Grades benchmarked to “best performing” states.
  • Uses nationally comparable data, available from public sources.
  • Uses the most recent data available.
    • In general, data have a two-year time lag.
    • Affordability data are one year old.
slide4

Measuring Up: Graded Categories

  • Preparation: How adequately are students being prepared for education and training beyond high school?
  • Participation: Do state residents enroll in education and training beyond high school?
  • Affordability: How affordable is higher education for students and their families?
  • Completion: Do students make progress toward and complete certificates and degrees in a timely manner?
  • Benefits: What benefits does the state receive as a result of having a more highly-educated population?
  • Learning: What is known about student learning as a result of education and training beyond high school?
national trends over the past decade
National Trends:Over the Past Decade
  • Eight states improved substantially in Preparation as well as in Participation.
  • Thirty-six states, including Illinois, improved substantially in Preparation but failed to improve in Participation.
  • Almost all states, including Illinois, have lost ground in Affordability.
slide6
Over the Past Decade, Illinois Has Slipped in Providing College Opportunities to Youth and in Making College Affordable
illinois
ILLINOIS

2004 Report Card

Preparation

Participation

Affordability

Completion

Benefits

Learning

B+

A

D

B

B-

+

slide8

ILLINOIS

Improvement Over Past Decade

+

Preparation

Participation

Affordability

Completion

Benefits

Learning

What do the arrows mean?

Improved on more than half of the indicators in the category.

Improved on some, but no more than half, of the indicators in the category.

Declined on every indicator in the category.

slide9

Preparation

ILLINOIS

2004

Grade

Improvement

Over Decade

B+

slide11

MIDWESTERN REGION

Preparation

Illinois’ performance in Preparation

is in the middle of the Midwestern states.

100

87

90

Grades

80

A

A-

B+

B

B-

C+

C

C-

D+

D

D-

F

= 93 and up

= 90-92

= 87-89

= 83-86

= 80-82

= 77-79

= 73-76

= 70-72

= 67-69

= 63-66

= 60-62

= Below 60

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

MI

IN

OH

MO

KS

NE

IL

IA

MN

WI

Midwestern States

slide12

Preparation

ILLINOIS

STRENGTHS

  • 8th graders perform well on national assessments in math and reading.
  • Over 70% of secondary school students taught by qualified teachers. Compares well with best-performing states. Percentage has increased—more than nationwide improvement on this measure.
slide13

Preparation

ILLINOIS

STRENGTHS

  • Students have consistently performed very well on college entrance exams, outperforming students in other states.
slide14

Preparation

ILLINOIS

WEAKNESSES

  • Low-income 8th graders perform very poorly on math exams. All 8th graders perform poorly on science exams.
slide15

Participation

ILLINOIS

2004

Grade

Improvement

Over Decade

A

slide16

NATIONAL SNAPSHOT

Participation

slide17

MIDWESTERN REGION

Participation

Illinois’ performance in Participation

is in the middle of the Midwestern states.

100

95

90

Grades

80

= 93 and up

= 90-92

= 87-89

= 83-86

= 80-82

= 77-79

= 73-76

= 70-72

= 67-69

= 63-66

= 60-62

= Below 60

A

A-

B+

B

B-

C+

C

C-

D+

D

D-

F

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

IN

OH

MO

WI

IA

MI

IL

MN

NE

KS

Midwestern States

slide18

Participation

ILLINOIS

STRENGTHS

  • Top state in percentage of working-age adults enrolled part-time in college-level education or training. However, state declined on this measure over decade.
slide19

Participation

ILLINOIS

WEAKNESSES

  • Likelihood of 9th grader enrolling in college four years later declined by 13%, while nation declined 3%. Primarily due to drop in percentage of students graduating from high school.
  • Among young adult population, college participation rate for minority ethnic groups declined.
slide20

Participation

ILLINOIS

WEAKNESSES

  • About 14% of adults do not have high school diploma or equivalent (mirroring nation), making them ineligible for higher education.
slide21

Affordability

ILLINOIS

2004

Grade

Improvement

Over Decade

D

slide22

NATIONAL SNAPSHOT

Affordability

slide23

MIDWESTERN REGION

Affordability

Illinois’ performance in Affordability

is among the best in the Midwest; however,

overall performance in the region is poor.

100

90

Grades

80

A

A-

B+

B

B-

C+

C

C-

D+

D

D-

F

= 93 and up

= 90-92

= 87-89

= 83-86

= 80-82

= 77-79

= 73-76

= 70-72

= 67-69

= 63-66

= 60-62

= Below 60

66

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

OH

MO

IA

MI

KS

NE

IN

WI

IL

MN

Midwestern States

slide24

Affordability

ILLINOIS

STRENGTHS

  • Provides high level of need-based financial aid for students. However, recent policy decisions have begun to undermine this historic high level of performance.
slide25

Affordability

ILLINOIS

WEAKNESSES

  • Net college costs for low- and middle-income students to attend community colleges represent about 32% of annual family income. These institutions enroll over 50% of college students.
slide26

Completion

ILLINOIS

2004

Grade

Improvement

Over Decade

B

slide28

MIDWESTERN REGION

Completion

Illinois’ performance in Completion

is in the middle of the Midwestern states.

100

90

86

Grades

80

A

A-

B+

B

B-

C+

C

C-

D+

D

D-

F

= 93 and up

= 90-92

= 87-89

= 83-86

= 80-82

= 77-79

= 73-76

= 70-72

= 67-69

= 63-66

= 60-62

= Below 60

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

MI

KS

OH

NE

IN

IL

MO

MN

WI

IA

Midwestern States

slide29

Completion

ILLINOIS

STRENGTHS

  • Very high percentage of freshmen at four-year colleges and universities returning for second year.
  • Increase in proportion of students completing certificates and degrees relative to number enrolled, with greatest growth in certificates awarded.
slide30

Completion

ILLINOIS

STRENGTHS

  • Gaps narrowed between whites and all minority ethnic groups in proportions of students completing certificates and degrees relative to numbers enrolled. However, substantial gaps remain.
slide31

Benefits

ILLINOIS

2004

Grade

Improvement

Over Decade

B-

slide33

MIDWESTERN REGION

Benefits

Illinois’ performance in Benefits

is in the middle of the Midwestern states.

100

90

82

Grades

80

A

A-

B+

B

B-

C+

C

C-

D+

D

D-

F

= 93 and up

= 90-92

= 87-89

= 83-86

= 80-82

= 77-79

= 73-76

= 70-72

= 67-69

= 63-66

= 60-62

= Below 60

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

IN

IA

WI

OH

IL

MO

NE

KS

MI

MN

Midwestern States

slide34

Benefits

ILLINOIS

STRENGTHS

  • Fairly high proportion of residents have bachelor’s degree.
slide35

Benefits

ILLINOIS

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

  • If all ethnic groups had same educational attainment and earnings as whites, total personal income in state would be about $8.7 billion higher, and state would realize an estimated $3 billion in additional tax revenues.
slide36

2004

Grade

Learning

ILLINOIS

Five states, including Illinois, receive a “plus” grade for their efforts to assess and measure Learning at a statewide level through their participation in a national pilot project.

+

slide37

Learning

NATIONAL SNAPSHOT

slide38

Learning

GRADING LEARNING

  • The pilot project measured the states in terms of:
    • Literacy levels of the state’s residentsWhat are the abilities of the college-educated?
    • Graduates’ readiness for advanced practiceHow well do colleges and universities enable students to contribute to the workforce?
    • Performance of college graduatesHow effectively can college graduates communicate and solve problems?
slide39

Learning

ILLINOIS

Results

Illinois historically has a strong and well-funded higher education system, a diverse economy, and relatively high levels of educational attainment. The state’s performance on Learning is generally above the national average.

slide40

Learning

ILLINOIS

Results

  • High literacy levels suggest above-average abilities of the population to perform real-world tasks.
  • Lower-than-average proportions of college graduates appear ready to enter licensed technical careers or professions.
slide41

Learning

ILLINOIS

Results

  • Higher-than-average proportions of college graduates appear prepared for traditional graduate study.
  • College graduates’ performance on direct measures of student learning is above average.
slide42

ILLINOIS

Policy Questions

slide43

Policy Questions

ILLINOIS

  • Can Illinois increase the number of students who finish high school within four years and enroll in college thereafter?
  • Can the state’s community colleges be made more affordable, particularly for low- and middle-income residents?
slide44

Policy Questions

ILLINOIS

  • Can Illinois improve its finance policies (for example, by linking appropriations, tuition, and financial aid) to provide more affordable higher education?
  • Can Illinois close the gaps in educational achievement between high- and low-income residents?
for more information
For More Information

Full State Report:

  • Measuring Up 2004http://measuringup.highereducation.org

About the Center:

  • The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education http://www.highereducation.org