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Higher Urban Edinburgh What I should know : Site & situation; The CBD – where and what ? Changes in the CBD; Inner City Change – Leith; Make a comparison between Edinburgh and an urban model; Traffic problems and solutions. Edinburgh’s Site Port of Leith (trade with Europe)

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higher urban

Higher Urban

Edinburgh

What I should know :

Site & situation;

The CBD – where and what ?

Changes in the CBD;

Inner City Change – Leith;

Make a comparison between Edinburgh and an urban model;

Traffic problems and solutions.

edinburgh s site
Edinburgh’s Site
  • Port of Leith (trade with Europe)
  • Crag and Tail site …defensive.
  • 2 deep troughs to the North and South (defensive).
  • Gap between Pentland Hills and the Firth of Forth ( trade and travellers )
edinburgh s functions
Edinburgh’s Functions
  • Commercial , legal and religious centre.
  • Capital city , centre of Government.
  • International /national banking,insurance & financial centre.
  • Educational & cultural centre.
  • Commercial / retail centre.
  • International tourist & conference centre.
  • Industrial centre ( although declining ).
edinburgh s cbd
Edinburgh’s CBD
  • The old town & the new town.
  • Includes the Royal Mile, Princes Street ,Queen Street.
  • As far as Holyrood Palace.
edinburgh s cbd5
Edinburgh’s CBD
  • Shops ...large chain stores e.g John Lewis, M & S ( Princes St.)
  • Shopping Malls ....Princes Mall,St.James’s centre.
  • Large Banks, insurance companies.( e.g Standard Life )
  • Government offices e.g Scottish Office , Parliament.
  • Bus stations (St.Andrews Square)
  • Main railway station ( Waverley)
  • Recreation...pubs (Rose St.),Theatres (Playhouse),cinemas,hotels (Balmoral),eating places.
  • Exclusive stores (Harvey Nics)
  • Tourist attractions (castle, museums, Dynamic Earth)
edinburgh s cbd6
Edinburgh’s CBD
  • Taller buildings
  • Lack of open space
  • Most expensive land
  • Route centre (roads and rail)
  • Competition for land
  • Most accessible spot
  • Central in city
edinburgh s cbd8
Edinburgh’s CBD

Bus

station

Main

Railway

station

Several

Tourist

attractions

Tourist

info.

Grid iron

street pattern

Many

churches

Lack of

open space

Oldest part

of city

changes in edinburgh s cbd
Changes in Edinburgh’s CBD
  • TRAFFIC CONGESTION
  • HIGH RENT / LAND VALUES
  • LACK OF LAND FOR EXPANSION
  • LACK OF CAR PARKING
  • COST OF MAINTAINING OLD BUILDINGS
  • CUSTOMERS WANTING INDOOR SHOPPING
changes in edinburgh s cbd10
Scottish Office moved to Leith.

Movement of bank HQ— RBS to Hermiston Gait and HBOS to Gyle.

The Gyle shopping centre built, attracting shops & customers.

Bank buildings converted to pubs,restaurants etc.

Covered shopping centres : Princes mall and St James centre

Large expensive stores built e.g Harvey Nics.

New cinema / eating complex built.

Plans for underground car parks & improved shops in Princes Street.

Many houses (George St, Queen St. Converted to offices).

Movement of many offices out of city.

Attempts to attract customers at Christmas with fair / ice rink / market

Changes In Edinburgh’s CBD
changes in edinburgh s cbd11
Changes in Edinburgh’s CBD

Converted

bank

New cinema

complex

German Market

Former Scottish Offfice

the gyle hermiston gait
Easy access – M8 & bypass.

New railway links – South Gyle and Hermiston/Edinburgh park

Easy parking, room for expansion.

Cheaper land.

Nearness to airport

The Gyle & Hermiston Gait
the inner city
The Inner City
  • Common inner city features include:
  • Mixed land use
  • A high density of buildings.limited open space.
  • Much waste land (e.g gap sites)
  • Old , declining industries.
  • Buildings of many ages & styles.
  • Many derelict buildings.
  • Low order shops.
  • A declining population.
  • A higher than average unemployment rate.
  • On average, a lower income.
  • Most inner cities now have urban regeneration schemes in which buildings are being modernised,converted,demolished and replaced,with gap sites being filled.
inner city leith
INNER CITY - LEITH

Britannia

Grid iron

Scottish

executive

Empty docks

Now flats

leith pre change
Leith ,pre -change
  • Port trade declined
  • Loss of many industries, e.g shipbuilding ;fertilisers ;distilling.
  • Lots of derelict land / buildings.
  • Many sustandard houses.
  • Many empty buldings.
  • Limited shopping facilities.
  • A declining, and ageing population.
  • 1960s tower blocks
recent developments in leith
Recent Developments in Leith

Scottish Executive

Headquarters

(Victoria Quay)

New Expensive Flats

recent developments in leith17
Recent Developments in Leith
  • Real radio station.
  • The Ocean Terminal shopping centre.
  • Royal Yacht Britannia.
  • New hotels.
  • Private Health Club ( First Generation)
  • Large restaurants.
  • Big events e.g Tall Ships and MTV awards.
  • Development of passenger shipping trade.
  • ‘Gentrification’ of old Whisky Bonds.
  • Leith Walk – tree planting.
  • Large stores e.g Tiso .
has it worked
Younger, more affluent people attracted to Leith.

Increase in daytime population.

Attracted people from all over to Leith to spend their leisure time.

Created an affluent dock and riverside fringe.

HAS IT WORKED ?
edinburgh past papers
Edinburgh - past papers
  • 2005
  • a) For a city you have studied, explain the ways in which its site and situation contributed to its growth. 4
  • b) Referring to an inner city landscape inGlasgow, or in a city you have studied , describe and explain the changes which have taken place in recent years. 5
  • 2001
  • “The Central Business District of major cities undergoes continuing change.”
  • Referring to a city that you have studied in the Developed World, explain the changes which have taken place in the CBD over the past few decades.
  • You should refer to named locations within the CBD 5
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