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Gene Technology Useful Vocabulary Vocabulary Antibody - Glyphosate Anticoagulant - Plasmid Cloning - Polymerase Chain Reaction Diabetes - Recombinant DNA DNA Fingerprint - Restriction Enzyme

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Presentation Transcript
gene technology

Gene Technology

Useful Vocabulary

vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Antibody - Glyphosate
  • Anticoagulant - Plasmid
  • Cloning - Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Diabetes - Recombinant DNA
  • DNA Fingerprint - Restriction Enzyme
  • Human Genome Project - Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis
  • Gel Electrophoresis - Southern Blot
  • Genetic Engineering - Vector
antibody
Antibody

-A defensive protein released by ß cells in response to a foreign substance in the body.

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anticoagulant
Anticoagulant

- A protein that prevents blood from clotting.

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cloning
Cloning
  • Process of growing a large number of genetically identical cells from a single cell.

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diabetes
Diabetes
  • Mellitus type I – Serious disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood.

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dna fingerprint
DNA Fingerprint
  • The pattern of bands that results when DNA fragments are separated by gel electrophoresis

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human genome project
Human Genome Project
  • Research effort to identify and locate the entire collection of genes in a human cell

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gel electrophoresis
Gel Electrophoresis
  • Technique that uses an electrical field passed through a gel to separate molecules in a mixture.

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genetic engineering
Genetic Engineering
  • A process of isolating a gene from DNA of one organism and transferring it to the DNA of another organism.

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glyphosate
Glyphosate
  • Biodegradable herbicide that kills actively growing plants by destroying an enzyme needed to make certain kinds of proteins.

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plasmid
Plasmid
  • A circular DNA molecule, usually found in bacteria that can replicate independently from the main chromosome.

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polymerase chain reaction
Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • (PCR) A laboratory technique for making unlimited copies of a gene.

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recombinant dna
Recombinant DNA
  • A molecule made from pieces of DNA from different organisms.

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restriction enzyme
Restriction Enzyme
  • Bacterial enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides.

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restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis
  • (RFLP) A laboratory technique used to identify base sequences in DNA.

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southern blot
Southern Blot
  • A technique that uses radioactive labeled RNA or single-stranded DNA as a probe to identify a specific gene.

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vector
Vector
  • Agent used to carry a DNA fragment into a cell.

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