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Mohandas K. (Mahatma) Gandhi 1869-1948 Wedding Day Gandhi and wife, Kasturba Gandhi 1905-6, lawyer in South Africa Gandhi (middle center) with members of the non-violent resistance movement in South Africa Gandhi’s two-fold mission India’s independence from Britain

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Wedding DayGandhi and wife, Kasturba



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Gandhi (middle center) with members of the non-violent resistance movement in South Africa


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Gandhi’s two-fold mission resistance movement in South Africa

  • India’s independence from Britain

  • Peace among Hindus and Muslims


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On being free resistance movement in South AfricaEvery one of you should, from this very moment, consider yourself a free man or woman and even act as if you are free and no longer under the heel of this Imperialism. This is no make-believe. You have to cultivate the spirit of freedom before it comes physically. The chains of a slave are broken the moment be considers himself a free man. He will then tell his master: ‘I have been your slave all these days but I am no longer that now. You may kill me, but if you do not and if you release me from the bondage, I will ask for nothing more from you. For hence-forth instead of depending upon you I shall depend upon God for food and clothing. God has given me the urge for freedom and therefore I deem myself to be a free man.


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“Salt March” to Dandhi, March/April 1930 resistance movement in South AfricaProtest against the British Salt Tax in Colonial IndiaSuccessful – 60,000 were imprisoned


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Fasting in March 1933 resistance movement in South AfricaProtest against British Rule after release from prison


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Gandhi engaging Muslims in 1947 resistance movement in South Africa “If a man reaches the heart of his own religion,he has reached the heart of the others too.”


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GANDHI resistance movement in South Africa-- Truth unifies all humankind-- Love, not violence, is the proper relation among people-- Satyagraha is strength -- “soul-force” – and not weakness-- The life of a satyagrahi: -- living simply, in accordance with needs, in tranquility -- does not fear death, is always willing to sacrifice for justice -- disobeys and accepts the punishment that goes with it-- Truth always wins-- Swaraj -- independence


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GANDHI resistance movement in South Africa-- Truth unifies all humankind-- Love, not violence, is the proper relation among people-- Satyagraha is strength -- “soul-force” – and not weakness-- The life of a satyagrahi: -- living simply, in accordance with needs, in tranquility -- does not fear death, is always willing to sacrifice for justice -- disobeys and accepts the punishment that goes with it-- Truth always wins-- Swaraj -- independence


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GANDHI resistance movement in South Africa-- Truth unifies all humankind-- Love, not violence, is the proper relation among people-- Satyagraha is strength -- “soul-force” – and not weakness-- The life of a satyagrahi: -- living simply, in accordance with needs, in tranquility -- does not fear death, is always willing to sacrifice for justice -- disobeys and accepts the punishment that goes with it-- Truth always wins-- Swaraj -- independence


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GANDHI resistance movement in South Africa-- Truth unifies all humankind-- Love, not violence, is the proper relation among people-- Satyagraha is strength -- “soul-force” – and not weakness-- The life of a satyagrahi: -- living simply, in accordance with needs, in tranquility -- does not fear death, is always willing to sacrifice for justice -- disobeys and accepts the punishment that goes with it-- Truth always wins -- Swaraj -- independence


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GANDHI resistance movement in South Africa-- Truth unifies all humankind-- Love, not violence, is the proper relation among people-- Satyagraha is strength -- “soul-force” – and not weakness-- The life of a satyagrahi: -- living simply, in accordance with needs, in tranquility -- does not fear death, is always willing to sacrifice for justice -- disobeys and accepts the punishment that goes with it-- Truth always wins-- Swaraj -- independence


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Gandhi resistance movement in South Africa’s OptimismWhat is the good, they ask, of only one person opposing injustice; for he will be punished and destroyed, he will languish in prison or meet an untimely end through hanging. The objection is not valid. History shows that all reforms have begun with one person.


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GANDHI resistance movement in South Africa-- Truth unifies all humankind-- Love, not violence, is the proper relation among people-- Satyagraha is strength -- “soul-force” – and not weakness-- The life of a satyagrahi: -- living simply, in accordance with needs, in tranquility -- does not fear death, is always willing to sacrifice for justice -- disobeys and accepts the punishment that goes with it-- Truth always wins-- Swaraj -- independence


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Swaraj resistance movement in South AfricaSo long as we act like machines, there can be no question of morality. If we want to call an action moral, it should have been done consciously and as a matter of duty. Any action that is dictated by fear or by coercion of any kind ceases to be moral. Mere withdrawal of the English is not independence. It means the consciousness in the average villager that he is the maker of his own destiny, he is his own legislator through his chosen representatives. Self-government means continuous effort to be independent of government control whether it is foreign government or whether it is national. Swaraj government will be a sorry affair if people look up to it for regulation of every detail of life.