slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
WMO-FAO Training Workshop on GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Agricultural Meteorology for the SADC Countries Gab PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
WMO-FAO Training Workshop on GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Agricultural Meteorology for the SADC Countries Gab

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 89

WMO-FAO Training Workshop on GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Agricultural Meteorology for the SADC Countries Gab - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 2142 Views
  • Uploaded on

WMO-FAO Training Workshop on GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Agricultural Meteorology for the SADC Countries Gaborone , Botswana, 14-18 November 2005 FAO tools to support food-security activities: AgroMetShell, LocClim, WinDisp Michele Bernardi Environment and Natural Resources Service

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'WMO-FAO Training Workshop on GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Agricultural Meteorology for the SADC Countries Gab' - omer


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

WMO-FAO Training Workshop onGIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Agricultural Meteorology for the SADC CountriesGaborone, Botswana, 14-18 November 2005

FAO tools to support food-security activities: AgroMetShell, LocClim, WinDisp

Michele Bernardi

Environment and Natural Resources Service

Research, Training and Extension Division

Sustainable Development Department

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide2

Outline

  • About
  • Background on Food Security
  • Needs for Food Security Information
  • Structure of FSIEWS
  • Agmet Component of FSIEWS
  • FAO Agmet Unit
  • FSIEWS and Agmet Component Users’ Needs
  • FAO’s Agmet Unit approach
  • AgroMetShell
  • New_LocClim
  • WinDisp

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

800 millions undernourished people

% undernourished

< 2.5

2.5–5

5–20

20–35

>35

Global food insecurity situation

800 millions undernourished people

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide4

Definition of food security

  • The following definition of food security was adopted unanimously at the World Food Summit (October 1996): “Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” (Plan of Action, paragraph 1)
  • This definition is in keeping with the three classic aspects of food security: availability of staple foods, stability of supplies and access for all to these supplies; but it also contains the idea of adapted food, what is known as the “biological utilization” of food.

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide5

Needs for food security information

  • Forecasting must be applied to availability, stability, access and biological utilization, giving decision-makers enough time to react to the warning, but with a high enough degree of reliability (as a general rule the more long-term the forecasts the less reliable they are) to avoid false alarms. All forecasts have a probability rating, which gives a good idea of its reliability.
  • Forecasting techniques are generally based on information gained from monitoring the situation using:
  • Trend analyses (e.g. prices going to continue rising in the coming months?);
  • Indirect indicators (e.g. agro-meteorological data);
  • Multiple indicators (e.g. commercial stocks and transport difficulties);
  • Warning signals (i.e. indicators, usually combined, that set off the alarm.)

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide6

Food for all

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide7

Structure of the food security information and early warning system

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide8

Structure of the food security information and early warning system

  • Agricultural production monitoring (APM), normally combined with monitoring of the products of livestock farming;
  • Market information system (MIS) that usually monitors domestic trade and sometimes international trade (import/export);
  • Social monitoring of the most vulnerable populations or monitoring of groups at risk (MGR) that focus on monitoring poverty;
  • Food and nutritional surveillance system (also called food and nutrition monitoring) (FNSS), which generally, depending on the situation, monitors the health and nutritional status of populations.

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide9

Agmet component of the FSIEWS

  • The agmet component is integrated into the agricultural production monitoring, particularly, concerning cereal crops and pasture. The crop monitoring and forecasting methods are developed around the water balance calculated during the growing season and take into account the phenological development of the plant. The monitoring of rainfed crops is based on the following principal tools:
  • Use of real-time meteorological data;
  • Use of crop specific water balance models;
  • Processing of real-time satellite images;
  • Use of spatial interpolation tools;
  • Use of gridded surfaces of crop-related parameters derived or not from satellite images;
  • Use of seasonal forecasts;
  • Field sample surveys, mainly for harvest estimates.

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide10

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Farm

Weather

?

?

Crop

?

Modis sensor on Aqua satellite image of Zimbabwe

(1km resolution)

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide11

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Meteorological stations

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide12

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Climatic data

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide13

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Climatic data

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide14

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Climatic data

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide15

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

20010430

-999 42 -999 0 6/------- 6009

42 35 0 1 6/-///WW- 6010

43 37 1 1 6/////R/R 6011

-999 39 -999 0 6/------- 6012

56 43 23 23 6//MMRR/W 6030

53 42 -999 0 6//FF//// 6043

57 44 -999 0 6//////// 6049

57 45 11 11 6//////// 6052

61 48 0 0 6////W/// 6058

Near real-time meteorological data

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide16

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Reference data

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide17

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Rainfall monitoring

http://edcsnw4.cr.usgs.gov/adds/

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide18

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Seasonal rainfall forecast

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide19

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Seasonal rainfall forecast

http://www.dmc.co.zw/

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide20

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Agricultural statistics

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide21

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Sub-national agroclimatic statistics for Africa

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide22

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Crop Production System Zones for the Horn of Africa

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide23

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Agricultural statistics

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide24

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Crop Calendar

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide25

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Planting opportunities from 11 March to 20 July 2005

Planting dates

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide26

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Cropping areas

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide27

FSIEWS and agmet component users’ needs

Ranet

Data dissemination to the end-user

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide28

SDRN-Agrometeorological unit

agromet@.fao.org

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide29

SDRN-Agrometeorological unit

  • Agro-climatic databases
  • Development and standardization of tools and methods of agro-climatic databases and application software
  • Crop monitoring ad yield forecasting
  • Climate-related risk in agriculture
  • Disaster Impact Assessment
  • Technical backstopping of field projects

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide30

FAO’s Agmet Unit approach

  • Total synergy with national and regional institutions;
  • Development of tools and methods;
  • Re-habilitation and/or strengthening of (agro)-meteorological and communication network;
  • Development of integrated toolboxes;
  • Capacity building of local staff.

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide31

Crop monitoring and yield forecasting

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide32

Crop monitoring and yield forecasting

Data processing chain

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide33

Crop monitoring and yield forecasting

20010430

-999 42 -999 0 6/------- 6009

42 35 0 1 6/-///WW- 6010

43 37 1 1 6/////R/R 6011

-999 39 -999 0 6/------- 6012

56 43 23 23 6//MMRR/W 6030

53 42 -999 0 6//FF//// 6043

57 44 -999 0 6//////// 6049

57 45 11 11 6//////// 6052

61 48 0 0 6////W/// 6058

Near real-time meteorological data

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide34

Crop monitoring and yield forecasting

Field reports

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide35

Crop monitoring and yield forecasting

Estimate of planting dates

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide36

Crop monitoring and yield forecasting

FAOCLIM-NET

Data Management System for point and grid data

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide37

Satellite imagery

Digital Elevation Model

(4 km resolution)

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide38

Satellite imagery

Land Cover Map

(1 km resolution)

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide39

Satellite imagery

Meteosat Thermal Infrared image

(5.5 km resolution)

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide40

Satellite imagery

Meteosat Second Generation composite image

(1 km resolution)

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide41

Satellite imagery

MODIS-Terra 250m

(Zambia-Malawi)

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide42

Satellite imagery

Cold Cloud Duration

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide43

Satellite imagery

Rain Fall Estimate

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide44

Satellite imagery

NDVI-GAC

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide45

Satellite imagery

SPOT-4 VEGETATION

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide46

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

AgroMetShell

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide47

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

  • Free-ware software
  • Modularity
  • Standard files format
  • Import-export files format
  • Training support
  • Technical support
  • Long-term sustainability

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide48

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Crop Specific Water Balance Model

Database

  • By Country, by Station, by List
  • Meteorological
  • Climatic
  • Agronomic
  • Soil
  • Import
  • Export

Spatial Interpolation

  • Inverse distance
  • SEDI (inverse distance)
  • SEDI (regression)
  • Cokriging
  • Maize
  • Millet (bulrush)
  • Tef
  • Wheat
  • Sorghum
  • Finger Millet
  • Flooded rice
  • Upland rice
  • ETP
  • Any crop

Main Modules

Image Analysis

  • Display
  • Color table edit
  • Image calculation with formula
  • Cut-off image values
  • Rescale image
  • Simple variogram
  • Create image from other outputs

Agromet Tools

  • Solar radiation estimate
  • Dekadal from monthly
  • Day and night-time temperatures
  • ET0
  • LGP
  • Potential yield
  • Risk analysis

Statistical Tools

  • Correlation
  • Multiple regression
  • PCA
  • Trends
  • Gamma distribution

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide49

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Main window

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide50

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Visual menu

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide51

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Some components

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide52

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Agro-climatic database management

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide53

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Agro-climatic database management

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide54

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Agro-climatic database management

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide55

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Agro-meteorological model

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide56

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Agro-meteorological model

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide57

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Agro-meteorological model

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide58

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Agro-meteorological model

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide59

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Other agro-meteorological tools

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide60

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Spatial interpolation tools

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide61

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Image manipulation tools

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide62

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Import-export links of AMS toolbox

WinDisp

Addapix

New_LocClim

CropWat

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide63

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

ADDAPIX: Program chaining for zoning mode

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide64

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

ADDAPIX: Program chaining for monitoring mode

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide65

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Zoning mode: Agroecological zoning of Morocco with NOAA-GAC NDVI data

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide66

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Monitoring mode: Assessment of 1999 Cereal Production in Western Africa with NOAA-GAC NDVI data

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide67

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

ADDAPIX: Monitoring mode

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide68

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Classification of National Rainfall Index

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide69

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

AMS website

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide70

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Seasonal Rainfall from 1 October 2001 to 31 March 2005

Total amount

Rainfall monitoring

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide71

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

Seasonal Rainfall from 1 October 2001 to 31 March 2005

Percentage as compared to normal (1961-90)

Rainfall monitoring

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide72

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

SADC Countries – Cropping Season 2004-05

Agro-meteorological Maize Yield Forecast

as at 31st March 2005

Crop yield forecast in SADC

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide73

FAO Agro-meteorological toolbox

SAHELIAN COUNTRIES - Cropping Season 2005

Millet Yield Forecast as at 30th September

Crop yield forecast in Sahel

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide74

New_LocClim

New_LocClim - Local Climate Estimator

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide75

New_LocClim

LocClim - Local Climate Estimator

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide76

New_LocClim

LocClim - Local Climate Estimator

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide77

New_LocClim

LocClim - Local Climate Estimator

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide78

New_LocClim

LocClim - Local Climate Estimator

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide79

New_LocClim

LocClim - Local Climate Estimator

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide80

New_LocClim

LocClim - Local Climate Estimator

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide81

New_LocClim

LocClim - Local Climate Estimator

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide82

LocClim Web Version

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide83

Global Water Stress Map

No problems

25-44 % deficit + episodic excess

>= 45 % deficit + episodic excess

25-44 % excess + episodic deficit

January to March 2001

>45 % excess + episodic deficit

LocClim - Local Climate Estimator

Not suitable for agriculture or no growing season in January-March

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide84

WinDisp

WinDisp - Display and analysis tool

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide85

WinDisp

WinDisp - Display and analysis tool

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide86

WinDisp

WinDisp - Display and analysis tool

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide87

WinDisp

WinDisp - Display and analysis tool

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide88

Useful Websites

AgroMetShell

http://www.hoefsloot.com/agrometshell.htm

Links of agro-meteorology

http://www.fao.org/sd/ENlin_en.htm

Digital datasets and agro-meteorological data

http://metart.fao.org/default.htm

WinDisp

http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/faoinfo/economic/giews/

english/windisp/windisp.htm

FAO-WMO Agro-meteorology Internet Conference

Agromet-L@mailserv.fao.org

International Society for Agricultural Meteorology http://www.agrometeorology.org

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

slide89

Thank you

FAO Hqs

http://www.fao.org

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS