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Drawing a line in the sand The role of ISO, CEN, OGC and legal processes in the building of SDIs Olaf Østensen Chair ISO/TC 211 Norwegian repr . to INSPIRE Committee Member of IOC TF Member of INSPIRE DT Network services Content

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Drawing a line in the sand The role of ISO, CEN, OGC and legal processes in the building of SDIs


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drawing a line in the sand the role of iso cen ogc and legal processes in the building of sdis

Drawing a line in the sandThe roleof ISO, CEN, OGC and legalprocesses in thebuildingofSDIs

Olaf Østensen

Chair ISO/TC 211

Norwegianrepr. to INSPIRE Committee

Memberof IOC TF

Memberof INSPIRE DT Network services

content
Content

How can standards developing organisations serve European SDI needs – nationally and for Europe itself?

Is there any natural distribution of roles – ISO, CEN and OGC?

… some thoughts around theses subjects…

the role of standards
(28) In order to benefit from the state of the art and actual experience of information infrastructures, it is appropriate that the measures necessary for the implementation of this Directive should be supported by international standards and standards adopted by European standardisation bodies in accordance with the procedure laid down in Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations (1).The role of Standards
the role of standards4
(16) …Implementing rules should be based, where possible, on international standards and should not result in excessive costs for Member States.The role of Standards
modernising ict standardisation in the eu
Modernising ICT Standardisation in the EU

Attributes of ICT standards associated with EU legislation and policies

(1) Openness: The standardisation development process occurs within a non-profit making organisation on the basis of open decision making accessible to all interested parties. The open standardisation process is driven by the relevant stakeholder categories and reflects user requirements.

(2) Consensus: The standardisation process is collaborative and consensus based. The process does not favour any particular stakeholder.

(3) Balance: The standardisation process is accessible at any stage of development and decision making to relevant stakeholders. Participation of all interested categories of stakeholders is sought with a view to achieving balance.

(4) Transparency: The standardisation process is accessible to all interested parties and all information concerning technical discussions and decision making is archived andidentified. Information on (new) standardisation activities is widely announced through suitable and accessible means. Consideration and response is given to comments by interested parties.

… also relevant for INSPIRE technical guidelines?

the process

MS

apply

Proto-types

test

Pilotsvalidate

Public

reviews

Projectscontribute

Experts are proposed

CEN, ISO, OGC contribute

Relevant international initiatives

Commission Services co-ordinate

The Process

EC

adopts

INSPIRE Expert Groupadvises

INSPIRECommitteevotes

Review

Formal Internet Consultation

Draft Implementing Rules

Implementing Rules

Existing Reference Material

Call for Interest

Consolidation Team

Drafting Teams

LMOsre-view

Spatial Data Interest Communities participate

Association phase

Drafting phase

Review phase

concerns were raised early
Concernswereraisedearly…

Issues were expected and tried to be addressed many years ago, cfr. Letter from February 2006

Later followed by a similar letter by CEN/TC 287 chair

slide8

CEN

Start (incl. revision of existing IRs)

INSPIRE informs

CEN about draft IR

May concern standard,

TS, TR, workshop or

agreement

INSPIRE

NIWP may concern

standard or amendment

to existing standard

CEN as SDIC

comments draft

INSPIRE drafts IR

ISO

CEN/TC 287  ISO/TC 211;

creates NWIP if required;

common decision on lead

ISO/TC 211

prepares NWIP

INSPIRE submits

IR to CEN/TC 287

ISO lead

CEN lead

parallel voting

if work Item in

CEN and ISO

CEN/TC 287 WG drafts WD,

CD for enquiry and

preEN for formal vote

ISO/TC 211 PT:

WD, DIS, FDIS

INSPIRE comments

draft as liaison

ISO criteria met

CEN criteria met

CEN publishes EN

or EN-ISO

(by successful parallel vote)

ISO publishes IS

[CEN criteria met]

INSPIRE considers

standard in future

revisions of IR

end

the components
The components

§

Directive

Implementingrules

§

ISO

ISO

ISO

Technicalguidelines

Otherdocuments

sdi requirements and standards
SDI requirements and standards

Applications and Geoportals

Access to data

Service Bus

Rights Management Layer

Registry Service

Discovery Service

RMServices

Transf.

Service

ViewService

DownloadService

InvokeSDService

EN ISO 19128

EN ISO 19142

ISO 19143

Reg. data

Service

Metadata

Data Set

Metadata

RM

Data

Spatial Data Set

Spatial data

See next slide!

Metadata

Thematic DS

Framework for describing data

EN ISO 19115

EN ISO 19119

Framework for harmonized DS

data specifications in inspire
Data specifications in INSPIRE

A long range of ISO 19100-series standards normative

slide13

CEN

Start (incl. revision of existing IRs)

INSPIRE informs

CEN about draft IR

May concern standard,

TS, TR, workshop or

agreement

INSPIRE

NIWP may concern

standard or amendment

to existing standard

… failed so far ? …

CEN as SDIC

comments draft

INSPIRE drafts IR

ISO

CEN/TC 287  ISO/TC 211;

creates NWIP if required;

common decision on lead

ISO/TC 211

prepares NWIP

INSPIRE submits

IR to CEN/TC 287

ISO lead

CEN lead

parallel voting

if work Item in

CEN and ISO

CEN/TC 287 WG drafts WD,

CD for enquiry and

preEN for formal vote

ISO/TC 211 PT:

WD, DIS, FDIS

INSPIRE comments

draft as liaison

ISO criteria met

CEN criteria met

CEN publishes EN

or EN-ISO

(by successful parallel vote)

ISO publishes IS

[CEN criteria met]

INSPIRE considers

standard in future

revisions of IR

end

many issues to be resolved
Manyissues to be resolved

INSPIRE should be based on existing standards. No existing standard satisfies all the INSPIRE requirements.

Implementing rules are not ensuring interoperability – they are at a too high level of abstraction

Technical guidelines are not mandatory – can be ignored (?)

Even the technical guidelines do not ensure interoperability

technical guidelines
Technical guidelines

INSPIRE Metadata Implementing Rules: Technical Guidelines based on EN ISO 19115 and EN ISO 19119

Draft Technical Guidance Download Services

Draft Technical Guidance for INSPIRE Coordinate Transformation Services

INSPIRE View Service Technical Guidance

Technical Guidance Discovery Services

INSPIRE Data Specification on Protected Sites - Guidelines

INSPIRE Data Specification on Transport Networks - Guidelines

INSPIRE Data Specification on Cadastral Parcels - Guidelines

INSPIRE Data Specification on Geographical Names - Guidelines

INSPIRE Specification on Geographical Grid Systems - Guidelines

INSPIRE Specification on Coordinate Reference Systems - Guidelines

INSPIRE Data Specification on Administrative Units - Guidelines

INSPIRE Data Specifications on Addresses - Guidelines

INSPIRE Data Specification on Hydrography – Guidelines

+ Annex II and III to come ….

example some issues in brief
Example, Someissues in brief …
  • View services refer to ISO 19128 Web map server (= OGC WMS 1.3)
    • Issues, language parameter missing, SOAP binding missing, smaller other differences, (tiling not treated), etc.
  • Discovery services refer to OGC CSW 2.0.2 ISO AP 1.0.0
    • Despite its name, not an ISO standard, language parameter missing, SOAP binding exists, but requirements not ideal, has been extended to cover INSPIRE metadata (but within capability of the specification)
example some issues in brief18
Example, Someissues in brief …
  • Download services refer to ISO/DIS 19142 Web feature service (= OGC WFS 2.0?) and ISO/DIS 19143 Filter encoding (= OGC FE 2.0?)
    • These are still under development (FE soon publication, WFS at FDIS)
    • Issues, language parameter missing, SOAP binding compliant with the others?, etc.
  • Transformation services refer to OGC WPS
    • Not an ISO standard
    • The concrete services will have to be defined by INSPIRE
    • Other issues similar with the previous ones
a general problem
A general problem

OWS Common, which is a basis for all newer OGC services, has not been submitted to ISO

standards bodies fail to respond

Standards bodiesfail to respond

  • Practical alignment of processes and rules
  • Who takes a lead or responsibility?
  • Who resource the tasks?
what to do
What to do

In any case, a Standards Task Force should probably be set up by the CT to detail the issues and liaise with ISO/TC 211, OGC and CEN/TC 287 to define the best available approach and initiate the processes.

Then, EC and MS should devote sufficient resources and egagement to enable the necessary processes!

some principles

Someprinciples

  • Standards should be developed at as general level as possible
    • E.g. general foundation standards should be global
    • Regional requirements that cannot be lifted to global, should be addressed at regional level
  • De jure standards bodies should liaise with consortia and other organisations to complement own processes
    • A standards body should ensure that user rquirements are met by appropriate standards – not necessarily develop everything themselves
    • E.g.ISO using the relationships with OGC, UN (FAO), IHO, DGIWG, ….
strengths and weaknesses

Strengths and weaknesses

  • ISO/TC 211
  • CEN/TC 287
  • OGC
  • INSPIRE legal and technical processes

Do they meet the requirements of

openness,

consensus,

balance, and

transparency?

so what now
So, what now
  • INSPIRE has a liaison with ISO/TC 211 through JRC
  • ISO/TC 211 has a cooperativeagreementwith OGC, and a Joint Advisory Group to handle thecooperation
  • All have a closerelationshipwith CEN/TC 287

There is not a lackof arenas for cooperation and harmonisation

no conclusions here
No conclusionshere

Let us come back to these topics in the round table discussion at the end today!