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Cervical Spine Anatomy. General Vertebral Anatomy. Body Vertebral Arch Pedicles Laminae Vertebral Foramen Spinous Process Facets Superior Articulating Surface Inferior Articulating Surface Transverse Process Intervertebral Foramen. Distinguishing Features of Cervical Vertebrae.

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Presentation Transcript
general vertebral anatomy
General Vertebral Anatomy
  • Body
  • Vertebral Arch
    • Pedicles
    • Laminae
  • Vertebral Foramen
  • Spinous Process
  • Facets
    • Superior Articulating Surface
    • Inferior Articulating Surface
  • Transverse Process
  • Intervertebral Foramen
distinguishing features of cervical vertebrae
Distinguishing Features of Cervical Vertebrae
  • Transverse foramina
  • C1 transverse process
  • Spinous Processes
    • C6 and C7
    • C3-C6 = bifurcate
    • None for C1
  • Articulating Facets
atlas
Atlas
  • 1st Cervical Vertabrae
  • Lack of Body
  • Superior Articular Foveae
  • Inferior Articulating Foveae
  • Fovea Dentis
slide5
Axis
  • C2
  • Dens
    • Rotation between skull and atlas
slide6
C7
  • Body
  • Spinous process
  • Transverse Foramina
    • Anterior element
articulations within cervical region
Articulations within cervical region
  • Lateral Atlantoaxial Joints
    • Superior facets and inferior facets of atlas
    • Flat and in transverse plance
    • Rotation
      • Side toward rotation
      • Side away from rotation
  • Median Atlantoaxial Joints
    • Dens of axis and anterior arch of atlas
    • Tectorial membrane
    • Cruciform ligament
articulations within cervical spine
Articulations within cervical spine
  • Body-to-body articulation
    • Fibrocartilagenous Intervertebral Disk
      • Annulus fibrosis
      • Nucleus pulposis
articulations within cervical spine1
Articulations within cervical spine
  • Cervical facet joints
    • Parallel to frontal plane
    • 45 degrees to transverse plane
    • Rotation
ligaments within cervical spine
Ligaments within cervical spine
  • Ligamentum Nuchae
  • Interspinous Ligament
  • Ligamentum Flava
  • Posterior Atlanto-occipital membrane
  • Intertransverse Ligament
cervical spine movement
Cervical spine movement
  • Flexion/Extension
    • Atlanto-occipital
  • Rotation
    • Atlanto-axial joint
brachial plexus
Brachial Plexus
  • Nerve Roots
    • C5,6,7,8,T1
  • Trunks
    • Upper
    • Middle
    • Lower
  • Divisions
    • Anterior
    • Posterior
  • Cords
    • Lateral
    • Posterior
    • Medial
throat anatomy
Throat Anatomy
  • 1. Thyroid gland
  • 2. Trachea
  • 3. Brachiocephalic artery
  • 4. Common carotid artery
  • 5. Internal jugular vein
  • 6. Superior vena cava