Association for Childhood Education International Annual International 2006 Conference "Early Childhood English Instruction as a Foreign Language in Korea" San Antonio, Texas April 12-15, 2006 To view this requires Microsoft PowerPoint Dr. Lea Lee
"Early Childhood English Instruction as a Foreign Language in Korea" San Antonio, TexasApril 12-15, 2006To view this requires Microsoft PowerPoint
Associate ProfessorDept. of Curriculum and InstructionDarden College of EducationOld Dominion University145 Education BuildingNorfolk, VA 23529home page: http://www.odu.edu/~lxlee/email: LxLee@odu.eduphone: 757-683-4801fax: 757-683-5862
Most Korean parents spend a substantial portion of their monthly salary to send their children to English-language preschools
English learning institute fees range from $100 to $1000/month (Mean= $300/month)
Many parents believe that early exposure to English helps their children’s academic success, which in turn guarantees better opportunities for enhancing their future social and economic status.
Prior to 1997, English was introduced in 7 in Korea" th grade.
Result: Not adequate for Korean people to communicate with foreigners in a global society.
Since 1997, English has become a required subject starting from 3rd grade in Korea as part of the Korean government’s movement for internationalization of the nation.
Global society’s demands of communication in EnglishBackground of Emphasizing Early English Instruction
Korean Government Guidelines: Begin teaching English only after children are exposed to 10,000 Korean words and 1000 books.
English instruction prior to age six must only be applied to ESL students ( Ex. India, Philippines).
Start teaching English after age 6 for EFL students (Ex. Japan, China).
An experimental study with 4 year olds (N=10) & 7 year olds (N=13) showed that 7 year olds learned English more effectively; demonstrating better pronunciation, memory ability, application skills, and attention level (Ann, So Eung, 1992; Ser, Jae Suk, 1991; Dornyei, 1990 ).Appropriate Age for English Instruction toEFL (English as foreign language) Students
Fervor for English education
level of English
For enhancing SES
Due to the public notion that a high level of
English proficiency guarantees
academic and career success in Korea.
Picture flash cards
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The English curriculum was focused on teaching
a foreign language, instead of the whole child development
Operated according to the children's ages, leveled curriculum, integrated in content subjects
The goal is to speak
the spoken language efficiently (not for building interest and
confidence in English).
Taught by native English teachers or Korean teachers but parents prefer foreign born English teachers.
From a survey with 680 hired in Hawkwon (Woo. Nam-Hee, 2002)kindergarten teachers
Preschools use similar teaching materials and methods as Hawkwon’s
Yang, Ok Seung, Kim, Jin Young, Kim, Hyun Hee, Kim, Young Sil (2001)Results of a teacher survey on English Education in Preschools