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Unlocking Democracy. The Philosophical principles of a Constitutional Society. T. Jefferson. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Thomas Hobbes. Leviathan “The life without rule of law is the life of every man against every man which is solitary, dull brutish, nasty and short.”.

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Unlocking democracy l.jpg

Unlocking Democracy

The Philosophical principles of a Constitutional Society


T jefferson life liberty and the pursuit of happiness l.jpg
T. Jefferson. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

  • Thomas Hobbes. Leviathan “The life without rule of law is the life of every man against every man which is solitary, dull brutish, nasty and short.”


Aristotle law enhances mans stature as a moral rational being l.jpg

Rights come with responsibly. Individuals must act in a manner which preserves basic rights without infringing upon the rights of others.

“He who has the power to take part in the deliberation of judicial administration of a state is a citizen in the truest sense.”

Aristotle Law enhances mans stature as a moral rational being.


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Balancing act manner which preserves basic rights without infringing upon the rights of others.

  • Protecting minority rights in a majority rule system is a very difficult concept which few nations have accomplished.


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Just society manner which preserves basic rights without infringing upon the rights of others.

Just rule

Just government

Liberty

Freedom

Rights

Order

Virtue

Rationality

What is Justice?


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Great Civilizations Have Great Ideals manner which preserves basic rights without infringing upon the rights of others.

  • The Greeks prized involvement in the political process.

  • This concept more than any is critical to the American Republic.


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Plato, The Republic manner which preserves basic rights without infringing upon the rights of others.

  • A just man believes in a just state and just individuals. Thus the qualities of justice are temperance, courage and wisdom…States are as men they grow out of human characters.

  • The aim of the state is not the disproportionate happiness of any one class but the greatest happiness of the whole.


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Democracy as an Archetype. A patterning force which binds us consciously and unconsciously.

  • Greece 500BC Democracy means power of the people not rule of the people

  • Democracy is a dynamic Process of transformation. Coming together and separating


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CONSTITUTIONALISM us consciously and unconsciously.

  • Does man create a good and just political structure?

  • Does the political structure create good and just citizens?


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Platonic Universalism and Aristotelian Reductionism us consciously and unconsciously.

  • Plato a student of Socrates sought order from universal law, eternal laws which would provide order and govern all things.

  • Aristotle a student of Plato sought to reduce all things to their most elemental form and thus deduct singular natural law of man.

  • Both philosophers provide the foundation for the philosophers of he enlightenment. Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Smith.


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Evolution Theory us consciously and unconsciously.

Force Theory

Divine Right Theory

Social Contract Theory

Government as an extension of family

Authoritarian rule for self preservation

Linking of Church & State leaders chosen by God

Contact between individuals & government

Origin of the State


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Democritus, “Everything Is Created of Different Arrangement of Atoms.” From This reductionist Theory Ancient Greeks Sought Orderly, Rational, Government Based on Common Law

Law governs nature

Law governs movement of the heavens

Laws of logic govern thought

Laws of morality govern behavior


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Plato “The Republic” Sought an Idealized Society of Enlightened Philosopher Kings to Guide Society Not Out of Ignorance but Through Reason.

  • DEFINE

  • Monarchy

  • Oligarchy

  • Tyranny

  • Democracy


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Leviathan 1651 Written in exile during the Puritan War Enlightened Philosopher Kings to Guide Society Not Out of Ignorance but Through Reason.

Stressed the role of reason, social control to create a commonwealth where all could prosper

Student of the Enlightenment stressing logic and reason of hard science Bacon, Newton, Descartes, Galileo

Thomas Hobbes 1588-1679


John locke 1632 1704 l.jpg

Two treatises of Government 1690 Enlightened Philosopher Kings to Guide Society Not Out of Ignorance but Through Reason.

Written in exile during the Glorious revolution were parliament assumed power over the monarchy

Crucial to his theory is natural rights of man and the right of people to change overthrow their government if it fails to protect these rights

John Locke 1632-1704


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Not wealthy by birth or classically trained he is the peoples philosopher arguing the need for a social contract to control the government

“Noble Savage”

It is a corrupt society which corrupts the people. A social contract stressing equality of all is essential.

Jean Jacques Rousseau 1712-1788


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Wealth of Nations 1776 peoples philosopher arguing the need for a social contract to control the government

Government should keep its hands off the economy and the role of capitalism and self interest to promote

Pure market capitalism will create dynamic and progressive society where the drive to create products will balance out self interest.

Adam Smith 1723-1790


To get back to the web site click below l.jpg

To get back to the Web Site Click Below peoples philosopher arguing the need for a social contract to control the government

http://pm026.k12.sd.us/


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