Unlocking Democracy. The Philosophical principles of a Constitutional Society. T. Jefferson. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Thomas Hobbes. Leviathan “The life without rule of law is the life of every man against every man which is solitary, dull brutish, nasty and short.”.
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The Philosophical principles of a Constitutional Society
Rights come with responsibly. Individuals must act in a manner which preserves basic rights without infringing upon the rights of others.
“He who has the power to take part in the deliberation of judicial administration of a state is a citizen in the truest sense.”Aristotle Law enhances mans stature as a moral rational being.
Just society manner which preserves basic rights without infringing upon the rights of others.
RationalityWhat is Justice?
Evolution Theory us consciously and unconsciously.
Divine Right Theory
Social Contract Theory
Government as an extension of family
Authoritarian rule for self preservation
Linking of Church & State leaders chosen by God
Contact between individuals & governmentOrigin of the State
Democritus, “Everything Is Created of Different Arrangement of Atoms.” From This reductionist Theory Ancient Greeks Sought Orderly, Rational, Government Based on Common Law
Law governs nature
Law governs movement of the heavens
Laws of logic govern thought
Laws of morality govern behavior
Leviathan 1651 Written in exile during the Puritan War Enlightened Philosopher Kings to Guide Society Not Out of Ignorance but Through Reason.
Stressed the role of reason, social control to create a commonwealth where all could prosper
Student of the Enlightenment stressing logic and reason of hard science Bacon, Newton, Descartes, GalileoThomas Hobbes 1588-1679
Two treatises of Government 1690 Enlightened Philosopher Kings to Guide Society Not Out of Ignorance but Through Reason.
Written in exile during the Glorious revolution were parliament assumed power over the monarchy
Crucial to his theory is natural rights of man and the right of people to change overthrow their government if it fails to protect these rightsJohn Locke 1632-1704
Not wealthy by birth or classically trained he is the peoples philosopher arguing the need for a social contract to control the government
It is a corrupt society which corrupts the people. A social contract stressing equality of all is essential.Jean Jacques Rousseau 1712-1788
Wealth of Nations 1776 peoples philosopher arguing the need for a social contract to control the government
Government should keep its hands off the economy and the role of capitalism and self interest to promote
Pure market capitalism will create dynamic and progressive society where the drive to create products will balance out self interest.Adam Smith 1723-1790