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Developing Life Skills through Ugandan Oil. ELATE Programme. Open University, UK and Makerere University Developing materials to help teachers and students up to O-level in Uganda and Africa.

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elate programme
ELATE Programme

Open University, UK and Makerere University

  • Developing materials to help teachers and students up to O-level in Uganda and
  • Helping students develop the skills they will need to get jobs, run businesses and to play their part in society
elate job mark skills
ELATE “Job-Mark Skills”
  • Personal – know how to behave in different situations, how to relate to other people, be punctual, be reliable, have self confidence, seek advice, show determination, be self critical and imaginative.
  • Communicate – able to listen, read, write and speak well – and adapt to different situations.
  • Team work – cooperate and work with others in a group.
  • Problem solve – work out what needs to be done, find the information you need and the best methods to use to solve a problem.
Carry out a task – able to listen to and read instructions, and complete a difficult task accurately.
  • Numeracy – able to do arithmetic and calculate accurately.
  • Finding and using Information – able to find the information you need and use it to solve a problem, and do this in a world of computers.
how to communicate in a group
Listen to what others have to say and understand their point of view

One person to speak at a time

Let everyone have their say

Indicate when you want to speak (hand up)

Ask questions to make sure you understand what is being said

Explain what you know and think

Try to reach an agreement !

How to communicate in a group?

Oil has been discovered in Uganda !

At Lake Albert,

between Uganda and the Congo.

Working in Groups:

Questioning and Enquiry Skills

Make a list of questions you would like to have answered about the oil discovery and its effects?

Put similar questions together


How much oil is there?

Oil deposits could be large (more than 1,500,000,000 barrels).

Uganda only uses 11,000 barrels of oil a day.

So it will have a surplus to export to other countries.

"We never knew we were sitting on oil here," said a Munyoro fisherman.

"In time we are all going to benefit – there will be jobs, even for the unemployed."

when the oil flows
When the oil flows
  • The first oil could flow in 2011
  • By 2015 peak flow will be 150,000 barrels a day for up to 25 years.
  • Some oil will be used for electricity power stations.
  • Most will be sold in Uganda and East Africa.
east african rift valley
East African Rift Valley


Lake Albert






lake albert oil deposits
Lake Albert Oil Deposits




Lake Albert

how will oil help uganda

How will oil help Uganda?

In groups, think of as many benefits of oil as you can

video 1
Video 1

Video: Ugandan oil

Listen and make a note of important points

notes on video 1 ugandan oil
Notes on Video 1: Ugandan Oil
  • 150,000 barrels a day from drilling 4km into the earth
  • Dangers: exploitation, pollution, corruption, conflict (e.g. with Congo)
  • Already drilling company is giving money to schools, paying for wells and fishing boats.
  • Trying to learn from previous mistakes in Nigeria and elsewhere.
  • President Museveni wants some of the oil to be refined in Uganda to improve energy security.
  • Worry is that people might expect too much from oil and get disappointed
  • Production will begin in 2010.
how will the oil help uganda
How will the oil help Uganda?
  • A large refinery could be built near Lake Albert.
  • Uganda will no longer depend on imports of oil from Mombasa.
  • Government income could double
  • Thousands of jobs could be created.
  • The government will be able to improve transport and other services.
  • Some money can be saved for future generations.
  • There will be less need for aid from richer countries
what problems could the discovery of oil cause
What problems could the discovery of oil cause?
  • Oil income might go to the rich and not to the poor e.g. Nigeria, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea.
  • Prices of food and other essentials might rise.
  • The environment can be damaged by oil pollution.
  • In Sudan and Angola, oil led to civil wars. Will Uganda and Congo be able to avoid this?
effects on the environment
Effects on the Environment

Around Lake Albert hippos and marabou storks walk along the shore near the villages where the fishermen catch Nile perch, tilapia and for food and income.

Some of the biggest oil deposits have been discovered in Murchison Falls National Park – Uganda's biggest tourist attraction.

Lake Albert and the Congo

Wells have been sunk in the Kabwoya Wildlife Reserve, where herds of Ugandan kob antelope roam close to the site office of Tullow Oil.

video 2
Video 2

Effect of oil on the Environment

notes on video 2 environment
Notes on Video 2: Environment
  • Prospecting started in Uganda in 1920
  • So far reserves of 700 millions barrels have been discovered
  • Prospecting has been in game reserves and the Lakes.
  • Government has not yet worked out the dangers.
  • There are already 20 toxic waste pools – which are a danger to animals, fish and people
  • Danger to tourism
  • Oil companies are restoring land after drilling and taking away waste
  • Need to choose a good location for the refinery
  • The oil is waxy and needs to be heated for transport.