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Links to Literacy. Presented by the Polk Local Assistive Technology Team. Our Goal. WHAT ARE LITERACY centers?. Literacy Stations are:.

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links to literacy

Links to Literacy

Presented by the Polk Local Assistive Technology Team

literacy stations are
Literacy Stations are:

Areas within the classroom where students can work alone or interact with one another using instructional materials to teach, reinforce and/or enrich a skill or concept.

Literacy Work Stations by Debbie Diller

why are they important
Why are they important:

Eric Jensen writes

“A change in location is the easiest way to get the brain’s attention”

  • Gives students the opportunity to practice previously learned skills
  • Helps to promote independence as well as collaboration
differences between traditional centers and literacy stations
Traditional Centers

Literacy Stations

Differences between Traditional Centers and Literacy Stations
  • Materials may have only been introduced once
  • Centers change on a weekly basis
  • Materials are taught first then placed in station
  • Stations stays up all year. The material is changed to reflect topics, level or strategies taught
differences between traditional centers and literacy stations1
Differences between Traditional Centers and Literacy Stations

Traditional Centers

Literacy Stations

Student use stations in a meaningful independent manner daily

Materials are differentiated to meet different needs and levels

  • Centers are often used by students when they finish their work
  • All students do the same activity
teachers role
Teachers Role
  • Modeling
    • Students must first see many demonstrations
  • Risk Free
    • Practice with a peer when learning something new
  • Independent Work Level
    • Differentiate assignments to meet students individual levels and avoid behavior problems
  • Clear Explicit Expectations
    • Be sure that students really understand the activities and review the rules often
  • Accountability
    • Tracking student use and progress
ideas for setting up a station
Ideas for Setting Up a Station
  • Directions
    • Auditory; Tape recorder, Single message device(BigMacK)
    • Visual;(Microsoft Word with clipart, Boardmaker,

Writing with Symbols. Pix writer)

  • Buddy or Me
  • Activity easily accessible and differentiated for all students (responses-verbal, typed, written)
  • Assistive Technology
    • Is not always a computer
  • Special Activity
    • supplemental/differentiated activity
  • Accountability log

Florida's Formula

for Reading Success


the sweet six
Oral language (New!)Phonemic awarenessPhonicsFluencyVocabularyComprehension

And we include writing

Florida Center for Reading Research

The sWeetSIx
fab 4
Fab 4
  • ScreeningProgress monitoringDiagnosisOutcome measures (New!)
ii initial instruction 90 minute block
Ii: Initial Instruction90 Minute block

* An effective reading program has to integrate the six instructional components of effective reading instruction into a comprehensive and cohesive instructional design.

* Classroom teachers must use assessment data to plan for and provide "student-tailored" instruction that includes the following: Explicit instructional strategies Coordinated instructional sequences Differentiated instruction Print-rich instruction

* Whole group/small group

* All students, using differentiated instruction

iii immediate intensive intervention
iii=Immediate Intensive Intervention

90-minute reading block* Small group or one-on-one* Students with reading deficiencies* Minimum of 20 minutes/day until deficiency is remedied

May be provided by:* Classroom teacher* SAI teacher* ELL teacher* Reading recovery teacher* Reading resource teacher

oral language
Oral Language
  • Oral language involves both speaking and listening for vocabulary development.
  • Children need opportunities to engage in frequent conversations talking and listening to responsive adults as well as with their peers.
oral language1
Oral Language
  • Oral language as the primary support for thinking, leads naturally to written communication, which, in turn helps readers expand their thinking and use oral language with greater skill.
  • It is a way for readers to construct knowledge, generate new thinking, clarify their own thinking and rehearse thoughts for writing
oral language strategies
Oral Language Strategies

Generating Questions

  • Students who ask questions about what they read comprehend more…
  • Readers practice generating questions & answers as they read text using sticky notes or they may orally ask questions during partner reading
  • Increase student talk by teaching students how to ask questions and use partner talk opportunities
oral language strategies class discussion
Oral Language StrategiesClass Discussion

Text discourse guides students to understand text at a more sophisticated level.

Wilkinson & Silliman, 2000

Text discourse builds on ideas and promotes meaningful connections between ideas.

Gersten et al., 2001

oral language strategies summarizing and retelling
Oral Language StrategiesSummarizing and Retelling
  • Prompt students to talk in complete sentences
  • When you model a retell, try to use some of the target vocabulary in the retell if possible
  • Demonstrate how to use simple sketches and diagrams when completing retell sheets
  • Retell sheets may be used for monitoring and student partner checks (evidence of learning)

Santoro, Chard, Howard & Baker, 2008

oral language strategies1
Oral Language Strategies
  • Recognize when students have contributed to a discussion by repeating or rephrasing:

T: Brian noticed that the mother in the

story was angry.

  • Present questions that turn the thinking

back to students for further consideration.

T: Maria thinks the girl is upset. Does

anyone know why she is upset?

phonemic awareness
Phonemic Awareness
  • The ability to hear, identify, and manipulate sounds of spoken words.
    • Recognizes individual sounds (phonemes)
    • Recognizes same sounds
    • Recognizes odd sounds in words
    • Combines sequence of sounds (blending)
    • Breaks a word into separate sounds (segmenting)
phonemic awareness resources
Phonemic Awareness Resources
  • Software
    • Phonics Companion
    • Earobics 1,2 & Adolescent
    • Kidspiration
  • Internet Resources
phonemic resources
Phonemic Resources
  • Lite Tech
    • Tape Recorder
      • DLM
      • Jack Hartman
    • Language Master/ Tutorette
    • Whisper Phones
  • Mid Tech
  • Leap Frog Desk, Mat, Pad
  • Understands the relationship between letters of written language and sounds of spoken language
    • Identifies useful series of sounds
    • Teach them in a logical sequence
    • Apply sounds to reading and writing
phonics resources
Phonics Resources
  • Software
    • Startwrite
    • Phonics Companion
    • Reader Rabbit
    • Baileys Book House
    • Lets Go Read
  • Internet
phonics resources1
Phonics Resources
  • Lite Tech
    • Page up
    • Magnetic or stamp Letters
    • Word Walls
  • Mid Tech
    • Franklin Homework Wiz
    • Cheap Talk /Partner 4
  • Read text accurately and quickly
    • Bridge between word recognition and comprehension
    • With Fluency a child needs to read & reread decodable words and connect the text
    • Two approaches to improve Fluency
      • Direct
      • Indirect
fluency and automaticity
Fluency and Automaticity
  • Have the students read orally for one minute from text at their grade level. Ask students to read in a normal manner, not too fast or too slow.
  • Administer 3 probes.
  • Count the number of correct words in one minute. Include errors in the one minute period.
fluency resources
Fluency Resources
  • Software
    • Kurzweil, Wynn,textHelp
    • Soliloquy
    • Living Books
    • Fluent Reader
  • Internet Resources
    • Readers theater website (www.Reading (3 Little Wolves)
    • Dolch Powerpoint List
fluency resources1
Fluency Resources
  • Lite Tech
    • Timers & Time timer software
    • Taped recorded stories
    • Students read to a tape
  • High Tech
    • Scanners & Computers

Vocabulary is expressive (what you say) and receptive (what you understand)

  • Words used to verbally communicate effectively
  • Words that you use to write
  • Words that you recognize in print
selecting vocabulary
Selecting Vocabulary
  • Tier 1 - basic words (baby, happy)
  • Tier 2 – high-frequency words for mature language users – key focus for instruction (prefer, absurd)
  • Tier 3 – low frequency words with meaning limited to specific domains

(peninsula, isotope)

center possibilities
Center Possibilities
  • Students tell what words mean using their own words
  • Have students give examples and non examples
  • Pair words and have students consider how they are related: Would you suppress a profound thought?
  • Match words to pictures
  • Fit words into closed sentences
  • Match words to definitions in timed activity.
  • Give examples of word use in alternate contexts
vocabulary resources
Vocabulary Resources
  • Software
    • Kidspiration/Inspiration
    • Boardmaker
    • Reader Rabbit
    • Writing with Symbols
    • Pix Writer
    • Picture It
    • StartWrite
    • Intellitools programs
  • Internet
vocabulary resources1
Vocabulary Resources
  • Lite Tech
    • Franklin Dictionary
    • Reading Pen
    • All-Turn-It Spinner
  • Understanding what is read
    • Graphic Organizers
    • Find Main idea and details
    • Summaries
comprehension resources
Comprehension Resources
  • Software
    • Kurzweil/Wynn/ Read&Write Gold/


    • NaturalReaders
    • Inspiration/Kidspiration
    • Don Johnston, Start-to-Finish Books
    • Intellitools, BalanceLiteracy
  • Internet
comprehension resources1
Comprehension Resources
  • Symbol World
  • Lite Tech
    • Color filters
    • Reading guides
    • Post It Notes
    • Highlighter pens & tapes
    • Arrow
    • Page Fluffers
  • Mid Tech
    • Iris Pen II
    • Reading Pen
  • High Tech
    • Scanners & Computer


Symbol World









  • Writing Centers can help students develop, practice and demonstrate their literacy skills.
  • Recent research that 70% of the students graded classroom responses are a result of written communication
  • Writing Mechanics
    • Raised Line Paper
    • Pencil Grips
    • Highlighters, pencils, pens
    • Writing Guides
    • Slant Board
    • Alpha Smart, Neo, DANA, Writer
    • Intellikeys
    • Mini keyboards
    • Software StartWrite
    • Wikkistix
  • Lite Tech
    • Electronic Spell Check
    • Digital Recorder
  • High Tech
    • Discover
    • Computers
writing software
Writing Software
  • Software
    • Talking word Processors
      • Scholastic Key
      • Customize Office Toolbar
      • Co: writer
      • Write Outl oud
      • IntelliTalk3
      • Kurzweil, Wynn, Read & Write Gold
      • Speak Write 101 (Polk County only)
    • Voice Recognition
      • Dragon Naturally Speaking
      • Word 2000 & XP
  • Symbols to Text
    • Clicker 4
    • Writing With Symbols
    • Pix Writer
    • Picture IT
  • Multi Media
    • BuildAbility
    • PowerPoint
    • IntelliPics Studio
writing internet resources
Writing Internet Resources
  • Internet
  • Inspiration/Kidspiration
  • Draft: Builder