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Landforms.... What are they. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Landforms.... What are they. Learning Targets. I Can…identify various landforms. U-shaped Valley. Oxbow Lake. Swamp. V-shaped Valley. Fjord. Cave. Bay. Marsh. Atoll. What is an arichpelago?.

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What are they.

learning targets
Learning Targets
  • I Can…identify various landforms.













what is an arichpelago
What is an arichpelago?

An archipelago is a chain or cluster of islands. Archipelagos are usually found in the open sea; less commonly, a large land mass may neighbor them,

what is an ocean
What is an ocean?

ocean* -- a great expanse of salt water.

what is an island
What is an island?
  • island -- a piece of land completely surrounded by water
what is a cape
What is a cape?
  • cape -- A point or head of land projecting into a body of water
what is an isthmus
What is an isthmus?
  • isthmus* -- a narrow strip of land, like a bridge, connecting two larger strips of land
what is a bay
What is a bay?
  • bay -- an area of sea partially enclosed by land, smaller than a gulf
what is a beach
What is a beach?
  • A beach is a landform along the shoreline of a body of water. It usually consists of loose particles which are often composed of rock, such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, or cobble. The particles of which the beach is composed can sometimes instead have biological origins, such as shell fragments or coralline algae fragments.
  • Beaches often occur along coastal areas, where wave or current action deposits and reworks sediments.
what is a peninsula
What is a peninsula?
  • peninsula* -- a narrow stretch of land surrounded on three sides by water.
what is a sea
What is a sea?

sea* -- a relatively large body of water, either part of an ocean that is partially surrounded by land (the Caribbean Sea), or a body of water that is completely landlocked (the Caspian Sea is seen in the image above)

what is a river
What is a river?
  • A long body of water that flows across the land.
  • The Nile River is the longest river in the world
  • The Amazon River is in Brazil.
  • The Mississippi River is the longest river in the United States.
what is a delta
What is a delta?
  • delta -- a place at the river's mouth, where the river splits into many different sections, forming a marshy triangle
what is a river mouth
What is a river mouth ?
  • river mouth -- the place where a river empties into a larger body of water
what is a tributary
What is a tributary?
  • tributary* -- A stream that flows into a larger stream or other body of water
what is a flood plain
What is a flood plain ?
  • flood plain -- A plain bordering a river and subject to flooding.
what is a gulf
What is a gulf?
  • gulf* -- A large area of a sea or ocean partially enclosed by land
what is a strait
What is a strait?
  • strait -- A narrow channel of water joining two larger bodies of water (usually narrower than a sound).
what is a marsh
What is a marsh?
  • marsh -- An area of soft, wet, low-lying land, with grassy vegetation, often forming a transition zone between water and land.
what is a swamp
What is a swamp?
  • swamp -- A lowland region saturated with water.
what is a lake
What is a lake?
  • lake* -- A large inland body of fresh water or salt water
what is a basin
What is a basin?

basin* -- A large, bowl-shaped depression in the surface of the land, often drained by a single river

what is a glacier
What is a glacier?
  • glacier -- A huge mass of ice slowly flowing over a land mass
what is a fjord
What is a fjord?
  • fjord - a long, narrow sea inlet that is bordered by steep cliffs
what is a plain
What is a plain?
  • Plains are broad, nearly level stretches of land that have no great changes in elevation. Plains are generally lower than the land around them; they may be found along a coast or inland.
what is a steppe
What is a steppe?
  • steppe -- A vast grass-covered plain.
what is a dune
What is a dune?
  • dune is a hill or a ridge made of sand. Dunes are shaped by the wind, and change all the time.
what is a alluvial fan
What is a alluvial fan?
  • An alluvial fan is a fan-shaped deposit formed where a fast flowing stream flattens, slows, and spreads typically at the exit of a canyon onto a flatter plain.
what is an oasis
What is an oasis?
  • oasis -- A fertile or green spot in a desert or wasteland
what is a hill
What is a hill?
  • hill* -- a small elevation in the earth's surface
what is a cave
What is a cave?
  • cave -- simply a hole in the ground, most commonly in a rock that is porous and readily eroded from within.
what is a canyon
What is a canyon?
  • canyon -- A narrow chasm with steep cliff walls, cut into the earth by running water
what is a plateau
What is a plateau?

plateau -- an elevated level expanse of land; a tableland.


What is a continental divide ?

A continental divide is a line of elevated terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of the continent.

what is a mountain
What is a mountain?
  • The highest kind of land. They are caused when two tectonic places collided.
  • Types of mountains: Folded, Unwarped, & Fault-Block
what is a volcano
What is a volcano?

volcano -- An opening in the earth's crust through which molten lava, ash, and gases are ejected. Types of volcanoes: Shield, Strato, Dome,

Cinder Cone, and Rhyolite Caldera Complex