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Objectives: Describe Western Europe after Rome’s collapse. Describe how Germanic tribes carved Europe into small kingdoms. Explain how Charlemagne briefly reunited much of Western Europe and what happened to his empire after his death. . Western Europe in Decline. Post Roman Empire

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  • Describe Western Europe after Rome’s collapse.
  • Describe how Germanic tribes carved Europe into small kingdoms.
  • Explain how Charlemagne briefly reunited much of Western Europe and what happened to his empire after his death.
western europe in decline
Western Europe in Decline
  • Post Roman Empire
    • Political, social, economic decline
    • Dark Ages
  • Middle Ages
    • 500 AD to 1500 AD
middle ages
Middle Ages
  • What were the Middle Ages and what were they dominated by?
    • Catholic Church rises in power
    • Feudalism/Move away from cities
    • Knights
    • Lack of education
    • Brought about by fall of Roman Empire and different tribes leading to divisions.
the franks
The Franks
  • 486, Clovis conquers Gaul
  • Clovis converted to Christianity
  • Gained allegiance of Christian Church in Rome
  • Importance?

“I take it very hard that these Arians hold part of Gaul. Let us go with God's help and conquer them and bring the land under our control.” Clovis

    • -Belmont Univ.
muslim empires
Muslim Empires
  • Huge empire beginning to form through military and religious expansion.
battle of tours
Battle of Tours
  • Muslim army crossed into France
  • Charles Martel rallied Frankish warriors
  • Christians triumphed
  • Sign of God? Or Christian Savior?
  • King of Franks
  • Became known as Charlemagne
    • Reunites large parts of Roman empire
    • Further brings Church and state together --> Christendom
    • MissiDominicis
    • Revival of Learning and Latin culture
pope leo iii
Pope Leo III
  • 800 AD, Christmas Day
  • The Pope proclaimed Charlemagne “Emperor”. Why?
  • Revived “Christendom”
  • Future of political power struggles.
  • Blended Germanic, Roman, and Christian traditions
  • Charlemagne’s three grandsons fought for power. Treaty of Verdun divided empire after civil war.
  • Lack of strong government led to what?
new invaders
New Invaders
  • Muslim forces
    • Created a stronghold in Sicily
  • Magyars
  • Vikings
    • Scandinavian raiders
    • 1000 AD set up colony in North America
  • The invasions of the Vikings, Muslims, and Magyars weakened emperor’s ability to maintain law and order
  • Result?
    • Feudalism
      • Organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords
        • Lesser lords (vassals), pledged service and loyalty to the greater lord
mutual obligations
Mutual Obligations
  • Feudal contract
    • Lord granted his vassal a fief (estate / land)
      • Peasants to work the land were included
  • Lord promised to protect his vassal
  • Vassal pledged loyalty to his lord
    • 40 days of military service pledged
structured society
Structured Society
  • Monarch
    • Powerful Lords (Dukes and Counts) – Largest fiefs
      • Vassals
        • Vassals had vassals
  • Knights – Mounted warriors
    • Boy was slated to be a Knight early
    • Difficult training
    • Tournaments a part of life and training
  • Brave, loyal, and true to their word
  • Code of conduct developed by the Church to calm the knights down.
code of chivalry
To guard the honour of fellow knights

To eschew unfairness, meanness and deceit

To keep faith

At all times to speak the truth

To persevere to the end in any enterprise begun

To respect the honour of women

Never to refuse a challenge from an equal

Never to turn the back upon a foe

To fear God and maintain His Church

To serve the liege lord in valour and faith

To protect the weak and defenceless

To give succour[assistance] to widows and orphans

To refrain from the wanton [deliberate, unprovoked] giving of offence

To live by honour and for glory

To despise pecuniary [monetary] reward

To fight for the welfare of all

To obey those placed in authority

Code of Chivalry
manor system
Manor System
  • The lord’s estate
  • Peasants referred to as serfs
    • Work the land and manor
    • Pay taxes
    • Bound to the land
    • Guaranteed food, housing and land
conclusion questions
  • Feudalism=political/social breakdown
  • Manorialism=economic breakdown
  • Fought, Prayed, or Worked, all dependent upon birth
  • What does this system resemble in terms of other historical periods?
  • Why would serfs agree to this system?
village church
Village Church
  • Social center
  • Largest public building
  • Took great pride in their church buildings
  • Tithe – Christians required to pay a tenth of their income
role of the parish priest
Role of the Parish Priest
  • Only contact people had with the church
  • Celebrated mass
  • Administered sacraments