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Largest Impact PowerPoint Presentation
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Largest Impact

Largest Impact

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Largest Impact

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  1. Smallest Impact Largest Impact Factors that Affect Health Examples Advice to eat healthy, be physically active Counseling & Education Rx for high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes Clinical Interventions Immunizations, brief intervention, smoking cessation, colonoscopy Long-lasting Protective Interventions Fluoridation, 0g trans fat, iodization, smoke-free, consumption tax Changing the Context to make individuals’ default decisions healthy Poverty, education, housing, inequality Socioeconomic Factors

  2. 10 Essential Public Health Services

  3. The ten essential public health services provide the framework for the NPHPSP. Because the strength of a public health system rests on its capacity to effectively deliver the ten Essential Public Health Services, the NPHPSP instruments health systems assess how well they perform the following:

  4. Monitor health status to identify community health problems. • Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community. • Inform, educate and empower people about health issues. • Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems. • Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.

  5. 6. Enforce laws and regulations that support individual and community health efforts. • Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable. • Assure a competent public health and personal healthcare workforce. • Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services. • Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.

  6. Who has public health authority in Oregon? State Public Health Division, Public Health Director Boards of Health Local Public Health Authorities Local Public Health Administrators State and local health officers

  7. State Public Health Division authority • Direct supervision and authority over public health in Oregon (ORS 431.110) • Ultimately responsible for enforcing public health laws (ORS 431.120, 431.150, 431.155, 431.170, 432.262) • Enhanced authority during a public health emergency (ORS 431.264, 433.443) • Distributes funds to LPHAs (ORS 431.380)

  8. Local public health authority • Responsible for: • On-the-ground provision of public health services. Minimum activities required in law (ORS 431.416): • Control of disease • Parent and child health services • Environmental health services • Health information and referral services • Collecting and reporting health statistics • Administering and enforcing state and local public health laws • Other activities specified in state/LPHA financial services contract ORS 431.150, 431.157, 431.262, 431.416, 446.425, 448.100, 624.510

  9. Public Health Enforcement Authority • State and local public health authority have authority to: • Investigate possible violations of law • Issue subpoenas, orders, civil penalties • Seek court orders to enforce public health law • Require removal or abatement of toxic substances • Refer matters for possible criminal prosecution

  10. Breadth of public health laws • Disease investigation and control (ORS 431.110, 433.004) • Registering and maintaining vital statistics (ORS 431.110, 432) • Ensuring safe drinking water (ORS 448) • Licensing of hospitals, other health care facilities, home health, in-home care hospice, emergency medical providers (ORS 441, 442, 443, 682) • Licensing of restaurants, pools, spas, tourist facilities, organizational camps (ORS 446, 448, 624) • Control over hazardous substances, radiation sources (ORS 453) • Operation of public health lab, newborn screening (ORS 431.310, 433.285, 438) • Immunization program (ORS 433.092, 433.255) • Oregon Medical Marijuana Act/Death with Dignity (ORS 475/ORS 127) • Certificate of Need (ORS 442) • WIC (ORS 413) • Breast and Cervical Cancer Program (ORS 413) • Reproductive health, Family Planning (ORS 413) • Public Health Preparedness • Enforcement of Indoor Clean Air Act ** this is not an exclusive list