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Current and Emerging Use of Clinical Information Systems. Chapter 5. Learning Objectives. Describe the purpose, use, key attributes, and functions of major types of clinical information systems used in health care.

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Current and Emerging Use of Clinical Information Systems


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learning objectives
Learning Objectives

Describe the purpose, use, key attributes, and functions of major types of clinical information systems used in health care.

Define the key components of an EHR system and the current status of these systems.

Discuss the major barriers to EMR and EHR adoption and strategies being employed to overcome them.

learning objectives3
Learning Objectives

Give examples of how clinical information systems might affect patient safety, quality, efficiency, and outcomes.

Define HIE, RHIO, NHIN and identify challenges associated with sharing information across organizational settings.

outline
Outline
  • Clinical Information Systems—adoption, use, value
    • Electronic Medical Record/Electronic Health Record
    • Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE)
    • Medication Administration
    • Telemedicine
    • Telehealth
    • Personal Health Record
  • Fitting Applications Together
  • Information Exchange Across Boundaries
  • Overcoming Barriers to Adoption
electronic medical record
Electronic Medical Record

An electronic record of health-related information on an individual that can be created, gathered, managed, and consulted by authorized clinicians and staff in one health care organization.

(Source: National Alliance for Health Information Technology, 2008)

electronic health record
Electronic Health Record

An electronic record of health-related information on an individual that conforms to nationally recognized interoperability standards and that can be created, managed, and consulted by authorized clinicians and staff across more than one health care organization.

where are we today
Where are we today?

Broad Spectrum

value of emr
Value of EMR
  • Improved quality, outcomes and safety
      • Computerized reminders and alerts
      • Improved compliance with practice guidelines
      • Reduction in medical errors
  • Improved efficiency, productivity, and cost reduction
  • Improved service and satisfaction
slide12
Health Care Information Systems: A Practical Approach for Health Care Management 2nd Edition Wager ~ Lee ~ Glaser
other major types of cis
Other major types of CIS

Computerized provider order entry (CPOE)

Medication administration using barcoding

Telemedicine

Telehealth—for our purposes, we will focus on online communication (e.g. email) between patients and providers

Personal health record

slide14
CPOE
  • Driven by need to improve patient safety
  • Automates the ordering process
  • Accepts orders electronically, provides decision support, may aid in diagnosis and treatment
use and status of cpoe
Use and Status of CPOE

Estimates vary from 5-15%; higher estimates usually indicate that physicians are not direct ordering

Teaching hospitals more likely to use

Many organizations are in planning or early implementation stages

barriers to cpoe use
Barriers to CPOE use
  • Complexity of ordering process
  • Physician entry an issue
  • Takes longer to place order; many systems are ‘cumbersome’, take too many steps
  • Incentives may not be aligned with use
  • Lack of confidence in system reliability
  • Insufficient training
  • Mandating use – should you?
medication administration
Medication administration
  • Use of barcoding becoming more widespread
  • Aids in correctly identifying patient, drug, dose, etc.
  • HIMSS implementation guide—good resource
  • More widely accepted
  • Has been used successfully by many health care organizations
  • Again, has potential to aid in making sure the right meds, get to the right patient, at the right dose…
telemedicine
Telemedicine
  • Use of telecommunciations for the direct provision of care to patients at a distance
      • Over 200 telemedicine programs in nation
      • Store and forward
      • Two-way interactive TV
  • Funding an issue
  • Cost effectiveness not fully known
telehealth
Telehealth
  • Using telecommunications to communicate with patients and deliver services
    • Email communication
    • Refilling prescriptions
    • Registering patient
    • Scheduling appointments
telehealth20
Telehealth
  • Current use of email communication between patients and physicians
  • Value to patients and providers
  • Issues
    • Complexity of infrastructure
    • Degree of integration
    • Message structure
    • Cost
    • Security
    • Reimbursement
personal health record
Personal Health Record

An electronic record of health-related information on an individual that conforms to nationally recognized interoperability standards that can be drawn from multiple sources while being managed, shared, and controlled by the individual.

(Source: National Alliance for Health Information Technology, 2008)

slide22
PHR
  • Consumer-empowerment
  • Comprehensive
  • Longitudinal
  • Individual controls
  • Companies offering
    • Insurers
    • Microsoft
    • Google, others
slide23

Personal Health Record Ad

http://www.aetna.com/showcase/phr/demo2.html

Health Care Information Systems: A Practical Approach for Health Care Management 2nd Edition Wager ~ Lee ~ Glaser

information exchange
Information Exchange

Health Information Exchange

Regional Health Information Organization

National Health Information Network

barriers to adoption strategies for overcoming them
Barriers to Adoption & Strategies for Overcoming Them

Financial

Organizational or Behavioral

Technical

strategies for overcoming barriers
Strategies for Overcoming Barriers
  • What strategies are being employed to help overcome—
    • Financial barriers?
    • Behavioral barriers?
    • Technical barriers?
summary
Summary
  • Examined five clinical information systems—their current use, status, and value & their relationship to each other
  • Discussed the value of sharing health information across organizations
  • Discussed the three major barriers to adoption of these systems—financial, behavioral and technical and strategies to overcome them