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2014 年 9 月英语统考

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  1. 2014年9月英语统考 全面破解各题型

  2. 根据教育部文件精神,普通高校网络教育本科学生须参加部分公共基础课全国统考,所有统考科目成绩合格作为教育部高等教育学历证书电子注册的条件之一。根据教育部文件精神,普通高校网络教育本科学生须参加部分公共基础课全国统考,所有统考科目成绩合格作为教育部高等教育学历证书电子注册的条件之一。 2014年共组织三次统考,时间分别为 4月 9月 12月

  3. 大学英语(B)考试新大纲于2014年12月份的考试开始使用,4月份和9月份的考试仍然是老大纲。

  4. 考试基本信息 考试时长:90分钟 考试形式:机考 出题特点:随机抽题

  5. 试卷结构

  6. 交际英语 5个考题,都是日常交际中人们为了获取所需的信息或达到交际的目的,在特定的情景中使用不同的交际功能的句型。 复习中要熟悉常见情景中的交际句型,找出答语或上下文的一些规律,如“礼貌原则”、“利他原则”、相关原则、时态、句型一致、肯定或否定的一致等规律来帮助自己作出正确的判断与选择。 相对来说,这部分较其他类型的题目简单。同学们如果复习得充分,应该争取尽量多得分,得全分。

  7. 礼貌原则 1、就是对于别人对自己的邀请、表扬、祝贺、赞美以及感谢等都要表示感谢(Thanks)。 2、对于别人的邀请,永远是先答应,即使不能赴约,也要说明不能去的理由 3、给别人带来不方便或者对方有请求时却不能给予帮助要说“对不起”,并要说明不能帮忙的理由或者告诉对方怎么做

  8. 拒绝请求时 礼貌原则还表现在: 1. 委婉地回绝, “I’m afraid not”…; 2. 先表同意,然后用“but”来个转折,表达出不同意的意思。例如: I would love to, but … That’s a good idea, but …

  9. —That’s a beautiful dress you have on! —____________ A. Oh, thanks. I got it yesterday. B. Sorry, it’s too cheap. C. You can have it D. See you later. 标准答案:A

  10. --Thank you for inviting me. --_____ A、I really had a happy time.B、Oh, it's too late.C、Thank you for coming.D、Oh, so slowly? 标准答案:C

  11. I'm sorry to hear that you failed in the exam. ___________. A、Not at all B、Oh, thank you. That's very kind of you.C、You are welcomeD、Yes, I'm really sorry 标准答案:B

  12. 礼貌原则 - I'm sorry. I lost the key. - ________ A、Well, it's OK.B、No, it's all right.C、You are welcome.D、You are wrong. 标准答案:A

  13. 礼貌原则 -- Would you like to go to the concert with us this evening? -- ________ A、No, I already have plans.B、I'd love to, but I'm busy tonight.C、No, I really don't like being with you. D、I'm ill, so I shouldn't go out. 标准答案:B

  14. -- Please help yourself to the seafood. -- ________ A、No, I can't. B、Sorry, I can't help.C、Well, seafood don't suit.D、Thanks, but I don't like seafood. 标准答案:D

  15. -- Shall we sit up here on the grass or down there near the water? -- ________ A、I'd rather stay here if you don't mind.B、Sorry, I don't like neither.C、Certainly, why not? D、Yes, we like these two places. 标准答案:A

  16. 利他原则 在日常交际中,英语国家人民形成了一种习俗,即要尽可能为对方提供帮助和方便,对别人遇到的好事/成功要表示高兴,坏事要表示难过/惋惜,因此在交际用语中也要体现出来这种倾向.

  17. 利他原则 -- I failed the maths exam again. -- _________ A、Well done. B、What a pity!C、That's right.D、I'm glad. 标准答案:B

  18. 利他原则 - Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the bus stop? - _________ A、Yes, go straight down this way to the end. B、Why do you ask me the way?C、Yes, I will.D、No, I can't tell you that. 标准答案:A

  19. — Excuse me, I am going to the airport, could you please tell me the way? — ____________ A. Really? B. You can ask him. C. No, I don’t know. D. Sorry, I am new here too. But you can ask the policeman over there. 标准答案:D

  20. -- May I use your bike for a moment? -- ________ A、It's well.B、It doesn't matter.C、By all means.D、I have no idea. 标准答案:C

  21. May I use your dictionary? ____________. A、Yes, here you areB、No, you won'tC、Never mind D、Sorry,here it is 标准答案:A

  22. 相关原则 - How was your trip to London, Jane? - ___________ A、Oh, wonderful indeed. B、I went there alone.C、The guide showed me the way.D、By plane and by bus. 标准答案:A

  23. 相关原则 -Can I help you? - _____. A、OK, I'll take itB、That's goodC、Yes, I'd like a sweaterD、It's too dear 标准答案:C

  24. 相关原则 - - ____________. - - He teaches physics in a school. A、What does your father want to do? B、Who is your father?C、What is your father?D、Where is your father now? 标准答案:C

  25. - What is she? - _________ A:She is a typist. B:She is talking to her friend. C:She is having a holiday. D:She is my sister. 答案:A

  26. 相关原则 - Haven't seen you for ages! What are you busy with now? - _____________ A、I hate the weather here. B、My hair is getting a bit longer.C、Yeah, thanks for coming.D、I am working part time in a bookshop, you know. 标准答案:D

  27. - I've heard that you are going to Thailand? - Yes, I'll leave on Sunday. - That's great! _______ - Thank you! A、Have a nice journey! B、Watch out!C、How are you! D、You are so smart! 标准答案:A

  28. 时态一致、句型正确 - I think he is a good lecturer. - _________ A、Sorry, it doesn't matter. B、So do I. C、Yes. It's a good idea. D、I don't mind. 标准答案:B

  29. 时态一致、句型正确 - - ____________. - - Well, they got there last Wednesday. So about a week. A、When did your parents arrive in Paris?B、How long have your parents been in Paris?C、Did your parents arrive in Paris last Wednesday?D、When will your parents go to Paris? 标准答案:B

  30. 肯定或否定的一致 Do you mind my smoking here? - _______ A、No, thanks.B、Yes, I do.C、Yes. I'd rather not.D、Good idea. 标准答案:B You’d better not.

  31. -- Would you mind changing seats with me? -- ________ A、Yes, you can. B、Of course, I like to.C、No, I don't mind.D、Certainly, please do. 标准答案:C

  32. 电话英语 A. Hello!May/Could/Can I speak to …? Is … in/over there? (你好!请找…接电话好吗?) B. ① 当你就是对方要找的听话人时: This is … (speaking). Speaking. Who is that (speaking)? (你是哪位?) ② 当对方要找的人不在场时,需要去叫他/她 Hold on, please/One moment. (I’ll get him/her.) (请稍等,我去叫他/她。)

  33. ③ 当对方要找的人不在或不能接电话时, Sorry, he is busy at the moment. Sorry, he isn’t here / is out right now. (Can I take a message for you?) 电话英语

  34. ④ 当发现对方拨错电话号码时, I’m afraid you’ve got the wrong number. (我想你拨错号码了。)

  35. 电话英语 Hello, may I speak to Zhao Hua? __________. A、My name is Zhao Hua B、I'm Zhao HuaC、This is Zhao Hua speakingD、Zhao Hua is me 标准答案:C

  36. - May I speak to Dr. Brown? - _________ A、Yes, he is not in at the moment. B、No, you can't.C、Yes, this is Brown speaking. D、Sorry, speaking. 标准答案:C

  37. - Hello. Is Jim there? - _________ A、This is Jim. Who's speaking, please?B、I'm afraid I won't be free.C、This is the right number.D、There's no hurry. 标准答案:A

  38. -- Hi, is Mary there, please? -- _____ A、Hold on. I'll get her.B、No, she isn't here.C、Yes, she lives here.D、Yes, what do you want? 标准答案:A

  39. - Good morning, may I speak to Mark, please? - _________ A:Who's there? B:Who's speaking? C:Who are you? D:Who wants to speak to Mark? 答案:B

  40. - Excuse me, is this the Sale's Department? - _________ A:I'm afraid you have the wrong number. B:You are wrong. C:What's wrong with you? D:What are you talking about? 答案:A

  41. Man has always wanted to fly. Even as long as eight hundred years ago, an Englishman had tried. He made a pair of 1 from chicken feathers and fixed them to his shoulders. Then he jumped from a tall building. As you can imagine, he did not fly very far. 2 , he fell to the ground and broke several bones. The first real attempt at flying took place in France in 1783. The two Mongolian brothers knew that hot air rose. If they could fill a large balloon with hot air, they thought it would rise into the air and 3 . They were right. They made a very large hot air balloon of cloth and paper. It measured ten meters in diameter. They filled it with hot air and the balloon got two hundred meters into the air. It fell to earth about three kilometers 4 . At the next attempt, they arranged for a balloon to carry passengers . We do not know what the passengers felt about the trip as they were a cock, a duck, and a sheep. But we 5 know that the trip lasted eight minutes and the animals landed safety. A. Instead B. wings C. do D. away E. fly

  42. 题型特点: 5个选项,每个选项用只能用一次 =选词填空 难度较以往降低 多为新题 完型填空技巧讲解

  43. 完型填空技巧讲解 做题方法: 1.首先看5个选项,判断其词性 2. 看每个空的上下文,判断该空应该填什么词性的词,找出最好填的选项,各个击破。 3. 在不确定或者看不懂的情况下,可以把剩余的几个选项挨个放进去试,根据自己的语感,判断出正确选项。 4.实在什么也看不懂的情况下,5个选项都选A,那么必然有一个选项填A,能得2 分。

  44. Man has always wanted to fly. Even as long as eight hundred years ago, an Englishman had tried. He made a pair of 1 from chicken feathers and fixed them to his shoulders. Then he jumped from a tall building. As you can imagine, he did not fly very far. 2 , he fell to the ground and broke several bones. The first real attempt at flying took place in France in 1783. The two Mongolian brothers knew that hot air rose. If they could fill a large balloon with hot air, they thought it would rise into the air and 3 . They were right. They made a very large hot air balloon of cloth and paper. It measured ten meters in diameter. They filled it with hot air and the balloon got two hundred meters into the air. It fell to earth about three kilometers 4 . At the next attempt, they arranged for a balloon to carry passengers . We do not know what the passengers felt about the trip as they were a cock, a duck, and a sheep. But we 5 know that the trip lasted eight minutes and the animals landed safety. A. Instead B. wings C. do D. away E. fly

  45. 1.选项分析 首先看5个选项,判断其词性 A. Instead B. wings C. do D. away E. fly 1)初步选项分析: A,D为副词 C,E为动词 B为名词

  46. A. Instead B. wings C. do D. away E. fly 2)进一步分析 A. Instead首字母大写了,很有可能出现在句首 Instead本身可以单独使用,处于2个有转折关系的句子之间。 He reached for the wine but did not drink, instead, pushed it across the table towards Joanna. C. do作为动词,除了在不多的词组里出现,如do one’s homework, do one’s job, 还可以出现在其他动词前,起强调作用。 I do love you.

  47. 2. 分析各空白 看每个空的上下文,判断该空应该填什么词性的词,找出最好填的选项,各个击破。

  48. 各空分析 Man has always wanted to fly. Even as long as eight hundred years ago, an Englishman had tried. He made a pair of 1 from chicken feathers and fixed them to his shoulders. Then he jumped from a tall building. As you can imagine, he did not fly very far. 2 , he fell to the ground and broke several bones. The first real attempt at flying took place in France in 1783. The two Mongolian brothers knew that hot air rose. If they could fill a large balloon with hot air, they thought it would rise into the air and 3 . They were right. They made a very large hot air balloon of cloth and paper. It measured ten meters in diameter. They filled it with hot air and the balloon got two hundred meters into the air. It fell to earth about three kilometers 4 . At the next attempt, they arranged for a balloon to carry passengers . We do not know what the passengers felt about the trip as they were a cock, a duck, and a sheep. But we 5 know that the trip lasted eight minutes and the animals landed safety. 1. 应该填名词 2. 单独出现 3. 不确定 4. 句末 5. 动词know 前

  49. 3. 匹配及试填

  50. 1. 应该填名词 2. 单独出现 3. 不确定 4. 句末 5. 动词know 前 • 选项 • A. Instead • B. wings • C. do • D. away • E. fly • B • A • 不确定 • 不确定 • C