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托福听力高频话题. 话题分类. 1. 学术类 (Academic). - 文章写作 ( eg : TPO2-C1;TPO5-C2;TPO6-C2;TPO7-C1;TPO12-C1;TPO13-C1;TPO17-C1;TPO22-C2,etc. ). - 课后交流 ( eg : TPO1-C2;TPO19-C1, etc . ). - 概念解析 ( eg : TPO8-C2;TPO24-C2, etc. ). - 志愿者招募 ( eg : TPO3-C2;TPO11-C2;TPO18-C2, etc. ).

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话题分类

1. 学术类 (Academic)

-文章写作

(eg: TPO2-C1;TPO5-C2;TPO6-C2;TPO7-C1;TPO12-C1;TPO13-C1;TPO17-C1;TPO22-C2,etc. )

-课后交流 (eg: TPO1-C2;TPO19-C1, etc. )

-概念解析(eg: TPO8-C2;TPO24-C2, etc. )

-志愿者招募(eg: TPO3-C2;TPO11-C2;TPO18-C2, etc. )

-答疑指导(eg: TPO4-C2; TPO9-C1;TPO15-2;TPO16-C2; TPO20-C2, etc. )

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话题分类

2. 非学术类 (Non-Academic)

-图书馆/书店/资料室

(eg: TPO1-C1;TPO4-C1;TPO7-C2;TPO9-C2;TPO13-C2;TPO14-C1;TPO20-C1;TPO24-C1,etc. )

-工作(eg: TPO6-C1;TPO12-C2;TPO14-C2;TPO15-C1;TPO17-C2;TPO18-C1,etc. )

-学习规划(eg: TPO2-C2;TPO5-C1;TPO21-C2;TPO23-C2,etc. )

-抱怨投诉(eg: TPO16-C1;TPO19-C2;TPO22-C1;TPO23-1,etc. )

-问路(eg: TPO3-C1; TPO21-C1,etc. )

-办手续(eg: TPO8-C1; TPO11-C1,etc. )

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学术类– 文章写作

Pre-Writing:

-哪些是”文章”

=> research report; assignment; essay; paper; senior thesis; dissertation, etc.

-Structure

Abstract/Summary

Body of Paper

Acknowledgement

-Outline/Proposal: scope

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学术类–文章写作

While-Writing:

@ Primary Data Collection

- mainly based on survey, questionnaires, interview, observations & experiments, etc.

Primary Data => Data Analysis (analyzing data),

Data Presentation/Presenting Data

Data Interpretation (Interpreting Data) in combination of different approaches/methods/ways; build up mathematical model

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学术类–文章写作

Caution in Data Analysis

1. concentrate on the key issues related to your topic

2. stateyour perspectives clearly & keep in mind defending them

3. demonstrate/exhibit your original thinking

4. raise appropriate hypotheses/ assumptions/ speculations.

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学术类–文章写作

@ Secondary Data Collection

others’ ideas, arguments& theories

in articles, journals, papers, reports & chapters of books, etc.

sources

statistics, (un)published data, records, graphs, charts & diagrams

Secondary Data => Literature Review (prerequisite & research context)

List Citing information in the Reference Section

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学术类–文章写作

Post-Writing:

1. submit the draft version to the professor

2.receive feedback/comments

3. revise until submitting the final version

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学术类– 课后交流

Students’ insight:

-interdisciplinary teaching approach

-help students improve presentation skills

Further discussion: 针对某一概念或主题的探讨

Subjects: Astronomy; Anthropology; Linguistics; Biology; Botany, etc.

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学术类– 概念解析

-抓住学生困惑的概念

-学生中途的提问

-屏幕上若出现图形

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学术类– 志愿者招募

Event Info:

-Theme: research project; which discipline

-Demand: qualified candidates, with/without experience

-Location & Site: travel involved?

-Prep Work: training?

-Incentive: extra credit? good for graduation application?

Participant Considerations:

-academic interests

-check a time slot => switch work shifts

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学术类– 答疑指导

找老师前: make an appointment; office hours

老师找学生: eg- funding/grant

-Research fund is based on estimated budget, including travel expenses

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非学术类–图书馆/书店/资料室

书的分类依据: major area of study

书的状态: on reserve;unshelved; due

书的介质: copies; electronic materials

特殊书籍: well-preserved; permission to access

图书馆设施: stack; shelf

图书馆服务: library loan service; photocopy

借书人的权限: return book/check out;request book;

extending borrowing privilege

出现的问题: misspell; privilege suspended

求购新书: fill out a form; new shipment

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非学术类–工作

-求职(senior/junior students)

招聘信息来源: flyer; poster; website

求职前准备: specialized major; elective courses; summer exchange program; sign up workshop; career advice

招聘会(career fair): wear a suit; resume

面试(interview): company representatives come to recruit new employees

职位考虑因素: remaining position; salary; working condition

-在职

问题:schedule=> switch/transferfrom a position to another

payrolland deposit account=> paycheck to cover bills/tuition

quit a job

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非学术类–抱怨投诉

“爆点”五花八门

抓主要矛盾

认清学生态度

处理结果

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非学术类–问路

A. 看似找不到地方,实则有新情况

- science building ? bulletin board X

- course was cancelled => informed her=> wrong mailing address

解决方案: contact Physics Dept before next term to check enrollment

B. 确实迷路了 T_T

校园建筑: laboratory building; lecture hall; auditorium; dining hall; cafeteria; dormitory; library; gym, etc.

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非学术类–办手续

-毕业手续

了解: graduation requirement

完成: required & elective courses including introductory courses, intermediate courses & advanced courses

修足: credits

准备: academic record

有问题联系: department chair/chair person

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非学术类–办手续

-办健身卡(pass)

了解权限: access to the equipment/facilities

额外活动: indoor classes guided by instructors => extra fee