托福听力高频话题. 话题分类. 1. 学术类 (Academic). - 文章写作 ( eg : TPO2-C1;TPO5-C2;TPO6-C2;TPO7-C1;TPO12-C1;TPO13-C1;TPO17-C1;TPO22-C2,etc. ). - 课后交流 ( eg : TPO1-C2;TPO19-C1, etc . ). - 概念解析 ( eg : TPO8-C2;TPO24-C2, etc. ). - 志愿者招募 ( eg : TPO3-C2;TPO11-C2;TPO18-C2, etc. ).
1. 学术类 (Academic)
(eg: TPO2-C1;TPO5-C2;TPO6-C2;TPO7-C1;TPO12-C1;TPO13-C1;TPO17-C1;TPO22-C2,etc. )
-课后交流 (eg: TPO1-C2;TPO19-C1, etc. )
-概念解析(eg: TPO8-C2;TPO24-C2, etc. )
-志愿者招募(eg: TPO3-C2;TPO11-C2;TPO18-C2, etc. )
-答疑指导(eg: TPO4-C2; TPO9-C1;TPO15-2;TPO16-C2; TPO20-C2, etc. )
2. 非学术类 (Non-Academic)
(eg: TPO1-C1;TPO4-C1;TPO7-C2;TPO9-C2;TPO13-C2;TPO14-C1;TPO20-C1;TPO24-C1,etc. )
-工作(eg: TPO6-C1;TPO12-C2;TPO14-C2;TPO15-C1;TPO17-C2;TPO18-C1,etc. )
-学习规划(eg: TPO2-C2;TPO5-C1;TPO21-C2;TPO23-C2,etc. )
-抱怨投诉(eg: TPO16-C1;TPO19-C2;TPO22-C1;TPO23-1,etc. )
-问路(eg: TPO3-C1; TPO21-C1,etc. )
-办手续(eg: TPO8-C1; TPO11-C1,etc. )
=> research report; assignment; essay; paper; senior thesis; dissertation, etc.
Body of Paper
@ Primary Data Collection
- mainly based on survey, questionnaires, interview, observations & experiments, etc.
Primary Data => Data Analysis (analyzing data),
Data Presentation/Presenting Data
Data Interpretation (Interpreting Data) in combination of different approaches/methods/ways; build up mathematical model
Caution in Data Analysis
1. concentrate on the key issues related to your topic
2. stateyour perspectives clearly & keep in mind defending them
3. demonstrate/exhibit your original thinking
4. raise appropriate hypotheses/ assumptions/ speculations.
@ Secondary Data Collection
others’ ideas, arguments& theories
in articles, journals, papers, reports & chapters of books, etc.
statistics, (un)published data, records, graphs, charts & diagrams
Secondary Data => Literature Review (prerequisite & research context)
List Citing information in the Reference Section
1. submit the draft version to the professor
3. revise until submitting the final version
-interdisciplinary teaching approach
-help students improve presentation skills
Further discussion: 针对某一概念或主题的探讨
Subjects: Astronomy; Anthropology; Linguistics; Biology; Botany, etc.
-Theme: research project; which discipline
-Demand: qualified candidates, with/without experience
-Location & Site: travel involved?
-Prep Work: training?
-Incentive: extra credit? good for graduation application?
-check a time slot => switch work shifts
找老师前: make an appointment; office hours
老师找学生: eg- funding/grant
-Research fund is based on estimated budget, including travel expenses
书的分类依据: major area of study
书的状态: on reserve;unshelved; due
书的介质: copies; electronic materials
特殊书籍: well-preserved; permission to access
图书馆设施: stack; shelf
图书馆服务: library loan service; photocopy
借书人的权限: return book/check out;request book;
extending borrowing privilege
出现的问题: misspell; privilege suspended
求购新书: fill out a form; new shipment
招聘信息来源: flyer; poster; website
求职前准备: specialized major; elective courses; summer exchange program; sign up workshop; career advice
招聘会(career fair): wear a suit; resume
面试(interview): company representatives come to recruit new employees
职位考虑因素: remaining position; salary; working condition
问题:schedule=> switch/transferfrom a position to another
payrolland deposit account=> paycheck to cover bills/tuition
quit a job
- science building ? bulletin board X
- course was cancelled => informed her=> wrong mailing address
解决方案: contact Physics Dept before next term to check enrollment
B. 确实迷路了 T_T
校园建筑: laboratory building; lecture hall; auditorium; dining hall; cafeteria; dormitory; library; gym, etc.
了解: graduation requirement
完成: required & elective courses including introductory courses, intermediate courses & advanced courses
准备: academic record
有问题联系: department chair/chair person
了解权限: access to the equipment/facilities
额外活动: indoor classes guided by instructors => extra fee