absorptive capacity one size fits all n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Absorptive Capacity- One size fits all? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Absorptive Capacity- One size fits all?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Absorptive Capacity- One size fits all? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 270 Views
  • Uploaded on

Absorptive Capacity- One size fits all?. A Firm-level analysis of absorptive capacity for different kinds of knowledge. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 05-72 Tobias Schmidt Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) Tel.: +49-621-1235-235, schmidt@zew.de. Motivation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Absorptive Capacity- One size fits all?' - olive


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
absorptive capacity one size fits all

Absorptive Capacity- One size fits all?

A Firm-level analysis of absorptive capacity for different kinds of knowledge.

ZEW Discussion Paper No. 05-72

Tobias Schmidt

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)

Tel.: +49-621-1235-235, schmidt@zew.de

motivation
Motivation
  • Little research on the determinants and mechanisms that increase absorptive capacity

Mahnke et al. 2005; Lane et al. 2002; Veugelers 1997

  • Problem to find good empirical measure of absorptive capacity

Zahara and George, 2002; Becker and Peters 2000

  • Same absorptive capacity for all types of knowledge?
definition of absorptive capacity
Definition of Absorptive Capacity
  • AC: Firms’ ability to “identify, assimilate, and exploit knowledge from the environment”

Cohen and Levinthal 1989, 1990

  • Concept is used at the individual-, organizational-, regional-, and national-level

Narula 2004; Van den Bosch 2003

  • Used in economics and business administration

Belderbos et al. 2004; Lenox and King 2004

determinants of absorptive capacity r d activities
Determinants of Absorptive Capacity: R&D Activities
  • R&D intensity and R&D budgets

intensity: Cohen and Levinthal 1989; Stock et al. 2001; Rocha 1999; Cantner and Pyka 1998; budgets: Leahy and Neary 2004 ; Grünfeld 2003

  • Continuous R&D activitiesOltra and Flor 2003; Becker and Peters 2000
  • R&D labBecker and Peters 2000; Veugelers 1997
determinants of absorptive capacity prior related knowledge skills
Determinants of Absorptive Capacity: Prior Related Knowledge/Skills
  • Absorptive capacity is path dependentCohen and Levinthal 1990
  • Employees’ level of education

Rothwell and Dodgson 1991

  • GatekeepersGradwell 2003; Vinding 2000
determinants of absorptive capacity organization and hrm
Determinants of Absorptive Capacity: Organization and HRM
  • Organizational structure

Gradwell 2003; Welsch et al. 2001; Van den Bosch al. 1999; Lane and Lubatkin 1998

  • Human Resource and Knowledge Management

Mahnke et al. 2005; Jones and Craven 2001; Vinding 2000; Cohen and Levinthal 1994

  • Involvement of managers

Lenox and King 2004

absorptive capacity for different knowledge
Absorptive Capacity for Different Knowledge
  • Learning depends on the similarity between “teacher” and “student”Lane and Lubatkin 1998
  • Prior experience and related knowledgeDussauge et al. 2000; Cohen and Levinthal 1990
  • Scientific knowledgeBecker and Peters 2000; Nelson and Wolff 1997
data mannheim innovationpanel
Data: Mannheim Innovationpanel
  • Survey of the innovation behavior of German firms conducted by the ZEW on behalf of the ministry for education and research (BMBF)
  • Enterprises with 5 or more employees in
    • Manufacturing (since 1993)
    • Service Sector (since 1996)
  • Mannheim Innovationpanel (MIP) 2003
    • Innovation activities during the period 2000 – 2002
    • Comparable to CIS III
    • Responses from about 4,500 enterprises
    • Responses from about 2,100 innovators
empirical model dependent variables
Empirical Model: Dependent Variables
  • Three types of absorptive capacity (AC):
    • AC for knowledge from own industry (NACE2)
    • AC for knowledge from other industries (NACE2)
    • AC for knowledge from universities or other public research institutes
  • Construction: Question on contribution of external actors to innovations => Focus on “exploitation” component of AC.
independent variables r d and skills
Independent Variables: R&D and Skills
  • R&D activities:
    • Continuous R&D (dummy)
    • R&D intensity, R&D intensity squared
  • Prior related knowledge/Skills:
    • Continuous R&D (dummy)
    • Share of employees with higher education
independent variables organization and hrm
Independent Variables: Organization and HRM
  • Stimulation of innovation activities and knowledge sharing (index, factor analysis)
  • Collaboration between departments on innovation projects (dummies):
      • Informal contacts between employees
      • Open communication of ideas and concepts
      • Joint strategy development
      • Mutual support with problems
      • Meetings between heads of departments
      • Temporary exchange of personnel
      • Seminars and workshops involving several departments
independent variables control variables
Independent Variables: Control Variables
  • Size (number of employees)
  • Situated in East Germany (dummy)
  • Industry groups (6 dummies):
    • Other manufacturing (reference group)
    • Low-tech industries
    • Medium-low-tech industries
    • Medium-high-tech industries
    • High-tech industries
    • Low-tech services
    • High-tech services
slide14
1. Probit Estimation

2. Triprobit (GHK-Simulator)

conclusion
Conclusion
  • R&D and Skills plays an important role in determining AC
  • Stimulation of innovation activities and knowledge sharing is important for AC
  • Factors contribute differently to AC for different kinds of knowledge
  • Intra-industry knowledge requires experience rather than R&D
  • Further research on different types of AC necessary
  • Proxies for AC should be chosen with respect to the knowledge to be acquired.
absorptive capacity one size fits all1

Absorptive Capacity- One size fits all?

A Firm-level analysis of absorptive capacity for different kinds of knowledge.

ZEW Discussion Paper No. 05-72

Tobias Schmidt

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)

Tel.: +49-621-1235-235, schmidt@zew.de