MATERIALS RESEARCH PRESENTATION: 04.02.09 PREPARED FOR THE DUPAGE HABITAT FOR HUMANITY
GROUP #1 • TEAM MEMBERS • Jack Bowen • Rizwan Moin • Jeff Nemcher • Jairo Ortega • Afia Syeda • RESEARCH TOPICS • 1.0 - General Data • 2.0 - Sitework • 3.0 - Concrete • 6.0 - Carpentry
RESEARCH TOPIC: CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT • SUMMARY • Hoving Recycling & Disposal, Inc provides full recycling and waste removal service. They also offer a variety of comprehensive recycling that is customized to fit our needs. • Services: Pit Stop - Portable Restroom Service Dispose of Waste Street Sweeping Recycle Transfer Waste • Location: West Chicago, Illinois.
RESEARCH TOPIC: CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT SUMMARY RSI that stands for Recycling systems,Inc. is the largest recycling facility in the chicagoland area owned by a family. For almost 40 years, this company has been serving Chicago area and many other people including contractors, businesses and etc. RSI also provide tracking and documentation of the city of Chicago mandates and also for LEED building projects. Its services are very convenient. They drop off a dumpster and pick up waste material. They accept mixed construction and demolition debris, straight loads of recyclable material and municipal solid waste. Their main objective is to recycle material as much as possible and turning it into useful resources. They handle: • Waste • Recycling • Junk • Metal • Concrete • Dirt • Roofing • Vegetation • Construction • Demolition • Landscaping waste • Storm damage • Flooding damage • Drywall • carpet • Furniture • Roll off boxes • Plastic • Wood • Cardboard • Scrap • Tiles • Asphalt
RESEARCH TOPIC: CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT • Services: • Products: • Asbestos Hauler, Asphalt, Cars, Construction Waste, Electrical Conduit, Piping, Electronics, Gypsum Board, Metal, Office Paper, Old Cardboard, Railroad Ties, Soil, Landscape Waste, Wood, Wood Sheet Materials, Wood Trim, Carpet and Ceiling Tiles, Drywall, Furniture, Plastic, Roofing. • Location: 3152 California Av, Chicago, IL 60608. • Construction and Demolition Debris • Container Services • Customizing • Demolition • Free Unloading • Hauling • Open to the Public • Permits • Recycling • Sorting • LEED • Roll-Off Service Container Rental
RESEARCH TOPIC: Construction Activity Pollution Prevention • There are many simple, inexpensive ways to reduce the amount of pollution produced at a construction site… • Use of water or non-toxic chemicals to control dust • Limit the driving speed of construction vehicles. • Cover air conditioning units, vents and registers with plastic, to prevent particles from getting inside. • Wash vehicles off at construction site.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Storm Water Management WHAT? When it rains, storm water runoff that isn't properly managed can flow over impervious surfaces picking up pollutants along the way and washing them into rivers and streams. Storm water runoff can also cause flooding and erosion, destroy habitat and contribute to combined sewer overflows. WHY? Only 1% of Chicago’s rainwater is re-used. The other 99% is channeled back into lakes, rivers and streams, full of contaminants. 27,200 gallons of water fall on a one-acre yard during a one-inch rainfall. All of which can be re-used.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Storm Water Management Rain Barrels Rain barrels are attached to downspouts which collect storm water running off of the roof. An overflow system allows excess water to be directed elsewhere. The rainwater collected in the barrel can be used for watering your plants or garden during dry times of the year and even to wash your car. Lawn and garden watering can make up 40 percent of your household water use during the summer months. Pricing Aquascape (St. Charles, IL) $250 City of Chicago Rain Barrel Program (Residency Required) $40 Installation Easy. Just a matter of shortening the downspout from the gutters to flow directly into the barrel through a downspout adapter ($15/Each). INCLUDE IMAGES ON LEFT SIDE AS NECESSARY TO SUPPORT RESEARCH, TYPICAL
RESEARCH TOPIC: Storm Water Management Rain Gardens A rain garden is a natural or dug shallow depression designed to capture and soak up storm water runoff from your roof or other impervious areas around your home like driveways and walkways. Rain gardens can reduce storm water pollution by 30%. Most effective with native planting. Installation/Pricing Rain gardens can be very easy to install. Set-up can be as simple as pointing a downspout towards a garden. If the lawn is sloped away from the house, the rain garden can be up to 30 feet away from the house. Pricing for a 210 square foot Rain garden Mulch 2 cu. yd. $26/cu. yd. $52 Sand 6 cu. yd. $16/cu. yd. $96 Compost 6 cu. yd. $32/cu. yd. $192 Topsoil 12 cu. yd. $26/cu. yd. $312 Native Plants Approx. 30 $2-15/plant $60 Excavator 1 $160-200/day Cost Varies Approximate Cost $712-$1,102
RESEARCH TOPIC: Sustainable Landscaping • WHAT? • Sustainable landscaping is a low-impact, low-maintenance and low-resource-use way to landscape. • WHY? • Benefits of sustainable landscaping are: • Enhance and protect ecosystems and biodiversity • Improve air and water quality • Reduce solid waste • Conserve natural resources • -Reduce maintenance costs
RESEARCH TOPIC: Sustainable Landscaping Native Planting Native planting is a low cost alternative to traditional landscaping. That uses plants and grasses that are native or adaptable to the location they are going to be used. They typically have longer root structures, which work better at absorbing materials in the soil. The reduced maintenance benefits the environment, by not using fertilizers or excess amounts of water. Cost -Similar to traditional landscaping -Long term savings as much as 1/5 Application -Absorb area that usually goes to lawns -Which cuts down maintenance and pollution
RESEARCH TOPIC:Sustainable Landscaping Trellis and Vines Having a trellis and vines on a portion of the house that receives direct sunlight will block the sunlight from heating up the outside (and inside) of the house. In the winter, when you need the sunlight for added heat, the leaves are off which allows the light to get through. These will be particularly useful in the new development, since freshly planted trees will need some time to produce shade. Cost: Minimal due to the fact that these can be built onsite by volunteers. Maintenance: The homeowner will have to trim the vines from time to time.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Pervious Pavement WHAT? Pervious pavement allows water to run though the material to the soil, rather than being fed through the storm drainage systems which then runs into natural waterways. WHY? -Reduces storm water runoff -Replenishes groundwater -Requires less land to be set aside for drainage -Reduces pollutants in runoff -Reduces irrigation of area plantings based on the seepage of rain into the sub soil surfaces
RESEARCH TOPIC:Pervious Pavement Pervious Asphalt Recommended for streets due to its high durability, reduced roadway noise, non-slippery when wet, extended pavement life. Disadvantages are that it needs to be vacuumed to avoid clogging, and it only works when it is installed correctly. Cost: 20% More than traditional asphalt. Cost can be offset by reducing the amount of storm water infrastructure, and not having to use as much land for water run-offs. (Meyer Materials, McHenry IL) Installation: Uses the same technique of application as traditional asphalt, but a experienced contractor is a requirement for it to work properly.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Pervious Pavement Walkways and Patios Instead of paying the extra cost for pervious asphalt on short walkways or patios, traditional materials can be used using the right technique. Cost: Comparable to traditional methods, although it will require more labor. -By using gravel and spacing the tiles correctly, it will allow rainwater to run down to the soil. -Using traditional materials with a catch basin. By pitching the sidewalk or driveway, and letting the water run off into designated area (or garden) for drainage into the soil.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Concrete • Making Concrete Construction Green • Modify the concrete mix • Pouring concrete more responsibly • Low or Non-VOC sealants, releases, curing agents • Green concrete systems • Insulated concrete forms (ICFs) • Pervious Concrete
RESEARCH TOPIC: Concrete - Green Construction • Modifying the Concrete Mix • Add Fly Ash to the Mix • Minimize use of portland cement • Reduces Carbon emission • Pouring Concrete More Responsibly • Add a designated washout zone • Helps control waste management • Low or Non-VOC sealants, releases, curing agents, stains, etc. • Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are know for causing health problems. • Consider using Low or Non-VOC products
RESEARCH TOPIC: Concrete - Insulated Concrete Forms • Insulated Concrete Forms (ICFs) • ICFs are permanent modular concrete forms that provide high levels of insulation • ICFs can reduce energy costs up to 40% • Types of ICF construction • Foundation only • Entire house • ICF flooring systems • Installation • Easy to install, other Habitat chapters have had volunteers install the system with minimal training.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Concrete - Pervious Concrete • Pervious Concrete • Allows water to circulate through concrete • Allows for snow to melt faster • Safer sidewalks, driveways, and roads • Reduces heat island effect • Installation • Requires specialized training/certification needed • Special roller screed is needed to place concrete
RESEARCH TOPIC: Alternative Framing Methods • 6.0 - CARPENTRY • Advanced Framing Methods – Material Reduction • INCREASE EXTERIOR WALLS TO 2x6 STUDS • Allows for easy installation of thicker insulation. • Allows for 24” O.C. stud spacing. • Reduces the number of studs required for framing. • Places structural elements efficiently. SIMPLIFIED ADVANCED FRAMING DIAGRAM
RESEARCH TOPIC: Alternative Framing Methods • SUMMARY • According to the US Department of Energy's Office of Building Technology, advanced framing techniques can save $500 in material costs per 1200 square feet of house, shave 3 to 5 percent off of labor costs, and reduce annual heating and cooling costs by 5 percent .
RESEARCH TOPIC: Alternative Framing Materials • 6.0 - CARPENTRY • Finger Jointed Studs • BENEFITS OF FINGER JOINTED STUDS • Finger Jointed Studs are approved by the IBC and IRC and are considered interchangeable with solid-sawn lumber in vertical applications. • Finger Jointed Studs can be made from shorter sections of wood including scrap and waste from other production activities.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Alternative Framing Materials • SUMMARY • Finger Jointed Studs are a sustainable product that exceeds the vertical compression requirements of standard dimensional lumber. • Finger Jointed Studs that contain 3 or more joints per stud is increased stability. • The cost for Finger Jointed Studs can be slightly higher than conventional sawn dimensional lumber. Current price differences are approximately 3 to 8 percent. This relates to an average increase of 75 to 150 dollars per 1,000 board feet of lumber. • Most finger jointed lumber is only approved for vertical applications making it necessary to order standard dimensional lumber for any cross bracing, rafters, joists, blocking and other horizontal and angular applications.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Locally Sourced Materials • 6.0 - CARPENTRY • Locally Produced OSB • LOCAL MATERIALS PROVIDE MULTIPLE BENEFITS • Locally produced materials help maintain a healthy local economy. • Transportation costs are reduced. • Emissions and pollution related to long distance shipping are eliminated.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Certified Green Building Products • 6.0 - CARPENTRY • FSC Certified Lumber • BENEFITS OF FSC CERTIFIED LUMBER • The FORESTRY STEWARDSHIP COUNCIL (FSC) inspects and certifies the harvesting and management practices of participating companies. • FSC lumber is a proven sustainable resource that ensures our forests will be able to produce products for future generations.
RESEARCH TOPIC: Certified Green Building Products • SUMMARY • FSC Certification provides the opportunity to support the sustainable management of our nations forests. These benefits add a 10 to 30% cost premium compared to traditional lumber prices. • FSC lumber is locally available and may be in stock or may require lead times of 2 to 4 weeks on some orders. • Additionally, careful documentation of FSC products is required in order to achieve LEED points.
RESEARCH TOPIC: General Data • 1.0 - GENERAL DATA • Recycling • SEPARATION OF SCRAP LUMBER • On site storage of scrap lumber can reduce waste by more than 50 percent. • Create an are on site to separate scrap lumber by dimensions and length. • Bins or areas for 2’ and shorter, 2 to 4’, 4 to 8’ and longer lengths are most common. • 2’ sections can be used for blocking, 2 to 4’ may be useful in door and window framing.
GROUP #2 • TEAM MEMBERS • David Chell • Juan Perez • Guillermo Lara • RESEARCH TOPICS • 7.0 Roofing • 7.0 Sealants and Caulks • 7.0 Siding • 7.0 Insulation • 8.0 Doors and Windows
RESEARCH TOPIC: ROOFING (SHINGLES) • WHAT • DOMAIN WINSLOW COOL COLOR SERIES (asphalt shingles by Elk Premium Building Products) • WHY? • SLOW HEAT BUILD-UP AND MAKE THE HOME MORE ENERGY-EFFICIENT ELK PREMIUM BUILDING PRODUCTS
RESEARCH TOPIC: ROOFING (SHINGLES) • SUMMARY • COMPOSED OF HIGHLY REFLECTIVE GRANULES • A GREAT ALTERNATIVE TO THE STANDARD ASPHALT SHINGLE AND ENERGY-STAR RATED • EASILY INSTALLED AND POSSIBLE LEED PTS. FOR AIR INFILTRATION • COST: APPROX. $140 PER SQ. DOMAIN WINSLOW COOL COLOR SERIES
RESEARCH TOPIC: ROOFING (UNDERLAYMENT) • WHAT • VersaShield NON-ASPHALTIC FIBERGLASS-BASED UNDERLAYMENT • WHY? • PROVIDES INCREASED MOISTURE PROTECTION VersaShield
RESEARCH TOPIC: ROOFING (UNDERLAYMENT) • SUMMARY • INSENSITIVE TO EXTREME WEATHER CONDITIONS • PROVIDES INCREASED FIRE RATED PROTECTION AND INCREASED MOISTURE PROTECTION • EASILY INSTALLED AND POSSIBLE LEED PTS. FOR AIR INFILTRATION • COST: APPROX. $100 PER ROLL VOLUNTEER-INSTALLED
RESEARCH TOPIC: ROOFING (UNDERLAYMENT) • WHAT? • WinterGuard BY CERTAINTEED (UNDERLAYMENT) • WHY? • WinterGuard PROVIDES BETTER PROTECTION AGAINST ICE DAMS OVER THE AVERAGE UNDERLAYMENT WinterGuard
RESEARCH TOPIC: ROOFING (UNDERLAYMENT) • SUMMARY • CONTAINS POLYMERS WHICH PROVIDE FOR ADDITIONAL PROTECTION • COMES IN THREE EFFECTIVE SURFACE FINISHES: SAND, GRANULAR, AND HIGH TACK/TEMPERATURE • CAN BE EASILY INSTALLED BY HABITAT VOLUNTEERS • COST: ANYWHERE FROM $200 - $300 PER ROOF FT. WinterGuard
RESEARCH TOPIC: ROOFING/INSULATION • WHAT • Rboard INSULATION SHEATHING (by Atlas Roofing Corporation) • WHY? • CAN HELP MEET, OR EXCEED THE MODEL ENERGY CODE STANDARDS Atlas Rboard
RESEARCH TOPIC: ROOFING/INSULATION • SUMMARY • REDUCES THE POTENTIAL FOR CONDENSATIONS PROBLEMS • ACUltra TECHNOLOGY MEANS ZERO HCFC’S • COST-EFFECTIVE “GREEN” SOLUTION • COST: APPROX. $10 PER SHEET (1/2” x 4’ x 8’) Atlas Rboard
RESEARCH TOPIC: DOORS and WINDOWS • There are many factors to consider when buying a window. • Most importantly the U-Factor = a ratio of heat transfer measured by CONDUCTION, CONVECTION, and RADIATION. The lower the number the more insulated a component is. SUNLIGHT = half VISIBLE LIGHT, and the rest is mostly NEAR-INFRARED with a small amount of ULTRAVIOLET Four basic properties of glazing that affect radiant energy transfer: TRANSMITTANCE, REFLECTANCE, ABSORPTANCE, EMITTANCE
RESEARCH TOPIC: DOORS and WINDOWS • IGUs • Reflective coatings and films • Double Glazing • Low-Emittance coatings: • High-Solar-Gain • Moderate-Solar-Gain • Low-Solar-Gain • Gas fills and gap width • Triple Glazing DOORS and WINDOWS
RESEARCH TOPIC: DOORS and WINDOWS • Weatherstripping • Compression-seal: awning, hopper, and casement • Frames: • Aluminum • Wood • Vinyl • Insulated Vinyl • Fiberglass • Window Installation • Architectural and Interior Design decisions DOORS and WINDOWS
RESEARCH TOPIC: DOORS and WINDOWS • WHAT? • Pella ThermaStar Windows • WHY? • These windows have a U-Value of .3 because of its doubled glazing and insulated vinyl frame…the lower the U-Value, the high the window performs DOORS and WINDOWS
RESEARCH TOPIC: DOORS and WINDOWS • SUMMARY • These windows are very durable, glazing guaranteed for 20 years and frame guaranteed for 10 years • Require no special maintenance and are easily installed by Habitat volunteer • U-Value = .3 • Price varies greatly on the type of window, but are more expensive than your single glazed window • May contribute to LEED points (depending on proper installation) DOORS and WINDOWS
RESEARCH TOPIC: DOORS and WINDOWS • WHAT? • Andersen Doors and Windows • WHY? • Low E4 glass, with Perma-Shield • Lifespan of 20 years on glazing and 10 years on all non-glass parts. • Easily installed by Habitat volunteer DOORS and WINDOWS
RESEARCH TOPIC: DOORS and WINDOWS • SUMMARY • Available from Home Depot • Cost-effective • Doors and windows are energy DOORS and WINDOWS
RESEARCH TOPIC: DOORS and WINDOWS • WHAT • Alside Window System • WHY? • Window systems are ENERGY-STAR rated • Easily installed by a volunteer • Require no special maintenance • Locally available at Home Depot. DOORS and WINDOWS
RESEARCH TOPIC: DOORS and WINDOWS • SUMMARY • Energy-efficient, reduced air infiltration, high performance warm edge spacer system • Guaranteed for up to 20 years DOORS and WINDOWS
RESEARCH TOPIC: SUSTAINABLE SIDING (OVERVIEW) • WHAT? VINYL SIDING • WHY? • USES LOW AMOUNTS OF ENERGY DURING MANUFACTURING • LESS AIR POLLUTION DURING PRODUCTION • REQUIRES LESS ENERGY TO TRANSPORT • MINIMAL WASTE DURING INSTALLATION • RECYCLED CONTENT • MINIMAL AIR POLLUTION DURING INSTALLATION • MAINTENANCE FREE • LIFE EXPECTANCY = LIFETIME SUSTAINABLE SIDING
RESEARCH TOPIC: SUSTAINABLE SIDING (BRANDS) • MITTEN - Cambridge(TYPICAL VINYL SIDING) • MITTEN - Sentry(PREMIUM) • CERTAINTEED - Monogram • (DBL 4” PREMIUM SIDING) • CERTAINTEED - Cedarboards(INSULATED) • JAMES HARDIE - Hardieplank(FIBER CEMENT) SUSTAINABLE SIDING SUSTAINABLE SIDING
RESEARCH TOPIC: SUSTAINABLE SIDING WHAT? Mitten – Cambridge (TRADITIONAL VINYL SIDING) WHY? • AVAILABLE IN 16 COLORS • LOCALLY AVAILABLE • EASY TO INSTALL • LOW MAINTENANCE • LOW COST • LEED QUALIFIED • LIFETIME WARRANTY SUSTAINABLE SIDING
RESEARCH TOPIC: SUSTAINABLE SIDING WHAT? Mitten - Sentry (PREMIUM VINYL SIDING) WHY? • AVAILABLE IN 11 COLORS • THICKER THAN AVERAGE VINYL SIDING • LESS SUSCEPTIBLE TO BOWING/BUCKLING • LOCALLY AVAILABLE • EASY TO INSTALL • LOW MAINTENANCE • LOW COST • QUALIFIES AS AN ENVIRONMENTALL FRIENDLY PRODUCT SUSTAINABLE SIDING