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Some of Mvula Trust experiences in multiple use approaches 24 August 2005. Presentation Content. RWH Information Resources Booklet - 1999 Xolo Rainwater Harvesting - KZN NDA funded projects in EC & KZN Water, Health & Livelihoods (WHELL) RWH for Household Food Security
Presentation Content • RWH Information Resources Booklet - 1999 • Xolo Rainwater Harvesting - KZN • NDA funded projects in EC & KZN • Water, Health & Livelihoods (WHELL) • RWH for Household Food Security • Presentation Portfolio Committee Water Affairs and Forestry - Water for Domestic and Productive Use
RWH Information Resources Booklet - 1999 • Collaboration between MT & Disaster Mitigation for Sustainable Livelihoods Project (UCT) - Author John Gould • Key areas of RWH: • Types & components of RWH • Systems design, implementation & operation • List of information sources & resources on RWH
Xolo Rainwater Harvesting - KZN • MT appointed(EU funding) Operation Hunger as IA • Xolo village inUlundi LM within Zululand DM • Project was implemented between 1997 &1999 • The project was planned to provide RWH tanks for 200 households. Our records indicate that only 75 may have been built. • Mainly 4.5 cub meters ferrocement tanks were built. Catchment systems were not well developed and households had to improvise. Also leakages of the tanks were experienced and considerable effort went into repairing these. • It would appear from the record that R2408 per tank was budgeted for, of which R1542 was subsidised (EU funding), and the household had to contribute R866 (a mixture of cash & labour equity) • Mvula has not been in contact with the project community since about 1999 - project status unknown
NDA funded projects in EC & KZN • NDA integrated devt - health & livelihoods • Two projects implemented between 2003 & 2005 • Mawusheni (Alfred Nzo DM) involved upgrading of water supply system, institutional sanitation at schools & livelihoods including communal garden • Community water supply also provides water for the communal garden • WSA pays for O&M and has given unofficial approval? • Ngedlengedle ( ) involved upgrading of community water supply & separate water supply for communal gardens
Water, Health & Livelihoods (WHELL) • Collaboration between Care-SA, AWARD, Tsogang & Mvula • Five year programme funded by Ausaid (2nd year) • Purpose: Improving CSOs and government capacity to deliver quality decentralised rural services that mainstream effective responses to HIV/AIDS and address gender inequities to enhance livelihoods. • Two of MT pilot sites will focus on following learning areas: • Productive use of water/ LED/ livelihoods/Rain Water Harv’ting • Appropriate Technology – standpipes, reservoirs, filters, etc gender sensitive approaches • Multiple use water systems, multiple source systems RWH, HLS
WHELL CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK : LINKAGES IN WATSAN TO MAINSTREAM HIV/AIDS & GENDER Municipal capacity Multiple sources for multiple uses WATER & SANITATION cognisant of HIV/AIDS & GENDER Linkages with other Service Providers/Dept’s Indigent Policy O&M, Communication, Responses Reliability & Services levels Research/Knowledge of community specific vulnerabilities
Justicia - Mpumalanga • BBR LM in Bohlabela DM • WHELL Learning areas/model development • Community participation in WSP arrangements • Free basic water provision • Productive use of water (community gardens) • Institutional (school) and hh sanitation
Tshiungani - Limpopo • Mutale LM in Vhembe DM • WHELL Learning areas/model development • Community participation in water services provider arrangements which will provide lessons in CBO capacitation in community water supply provision and management • Free basic water and sanitation benefiting rural households including health and hygiene promotion and HIV/AIDS linkages • Water for productive use in relation to promoting household food security The mainstreaming of gender as a cross cutting component of the the models to be developed
RWH for Household Food Security • Proposal presently being negotiated with DWAF Directorate Water Resource Finance & Finance • Policy on Financial Assistance to Resource Poor Farmers, September 2004 • Based on the National Water Act, 1998 • Central guiding principles: equity and sustainability • Financial assistance supplied in terms of Sections 61 and 62 of NWA, 1998.
RWH for Household Food Security • Purpose: Facilitate utilisation of initial public funding as a lever to ensure sustainable development best: • ensuring community participation; • stakeholder involvement in every step; • developing socio-economically viable, practical, manageable and sustainable schemes; • promoting, with other role-players, availability of support services (i.e., capacity building, training, effective monitoring systems, etc.) • 6 key objectives: • Grant for rain-water tanks. • Tanks: • max. of R5 000 to est. a tank; • Only 1 tank + pump per household;
RWH for Household Food Security • Three sites based on Mt’s ongoing relations with communities & LMs & DMs • Manamela village - Limpopo; aganang LM & Capricorn DM • Ngwenyeni - Mpumalanga, Nkomazi LM & Ahlanzeni DM • Bityi-Matheko village - King Sabata Dalidyebo LM & OR Tambo DM
RWH for Household Food Security • Implementation in phases which included consultations with all stakeholders • Village scoping to identify of the poorest hhs • Frequent community information meetings • Household surveys & applications including hh water uses plan • Initial 50 hh applications per pilot site already submitted to DWAF
Presentation Portfolio Committee Water Affairs and Forestry - Water for Domestic and Productive Use • Rural hhs make use of water for a variety of purposes from multiple sources (domestic; food production/security; livestock; income generation activities) • WSAs adopt narrow interpretation to household water supply in terms of present water services policies and legislation to provide FBW and as dictated by available budgets for infrastructure development and O&M - many do not even provide basic RDP standard services. (WSAct; Mun Structures Act; SFWS) • Some WSAs have acknowledged the need for integrated approaches to hh water provision to include water for productive uses (DWAF SFWS - Report from Municipal Consultations)
Presentation Portfolio Committee Water Affairs and Forestry • Traditional water sources are not always conveniently situated to support food security activities of rural households. • Water systems designs are not always supportive of food security & livelihoods needs - provision of potable water supply is hugely expensive • Vulnerable food insecure hhs are not being empowered to provide for their own basic survival needs in the present water services policy environment - need for broader definition of sustainable hh water supply • Net result is the govt’s programme of action for poverty alleviation is being frustrated
Presentation Portfolio Committee Water Affairs and Forestry • National Guidelines for Integrated Management of Agricultural Water Use(“Fruits of Our Water” Programme) Joint policy involving various national line departments sponsored by DoA • Directed at revitalisation of agricultural water use sector • Two-fold stepped objective: • improved household food security (“food first”) through own food production • mainstreaming historically disadvantaged farmers in the economy through support to access markets • Policy on Financial Assistance to Resource Poor Farmers, September 2004 • Based on the National Water Act, 1998 • Central guiding principles: equity and sustainability • Financial assistance supplied in terms of Sections 61 and 62 of NWA, 1998.
Presentation Portfolio Committee Water Affairs and Forestry • Purpose: Facilitate utilisation of initial public funding as a lever to ensure sustainable development best: • ensuring community participation; • stakeholder involvement in every step; • developing socio-economically viable, practical, manageable and sustainable schemes; • promoting, with other role-players, availability of support services (i.e., capacity building, training, effective monitoring systems, etc.) • 6 key objectives: • Grant for rain-water tanks. • Tanks: • max. of R5 000 to est. a tank; • Only 1 tank + pump per household
Presentation Portfolio Committee Water Affairs and Forestry Recommendations: • Need for dialogue between Water Services & Water Resource Management directorates in DWAF to develop policy synergies for water for domestic and productive use • Need for dialogue and synergy between DWAF & DoA to develop coherent roll out strategy for hh RWH • Need for dialogues between DWAF, DoA, dplg & SALGA on application of MIG funding to strengthen this important initiative to provide sustainable water for multiple uses to vulnerable hhs • Need to develop appropriate implementation models for programme roll out • Awareness creation for WSA’s and to create linkages with local WSDP & IDP processes and local LED initiatives • RWH harvesting for sustainable livelihoods is not simply the provision of a tank, and has to involve mentoring & support in hh food security strategies
Other RWH Initiatives • Klipfontein near Garies in Northern Cape • HH RWH implemented by Operation Hunger 1992-1994 • Square tanks