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Beyond Barriers: intercultural learning and inclusion in globalized paradigms. Dr Alan Bruce Universal Learning Systems - Dublin EDEN - Lisbon 12 June 2008. Overview. Conceptual backgrounds Contours of change European dimensions Interculturalism and the Other

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beyond barriers intercultural learning and inclusion in globalized paradigms

Beyond Barriers:intercultural learning and inclusion in globalized paradigms

Dr Alan Bruce

Universal Learning Systems - Dublin

EDEN - Lisbon

12 June 2008

  • Conceptual backgrounds
  • Contours of change
  • European dimensions
  • Interculturalism and the Other
  • Learning in a dangerous planet
  • Engaging with rights
impact of change
Impact of change
  • Globalization

process and impact

  • Labour market and work

innovation, competitiveness, adaptability

  • Paradigms of inclusion

equality and diversity

  • European standards

learning and transnationality

  • Seismic shift in human relationships
  • Competitive pressures
  • New forms of work organization
  • New diversities
  • Instant, multidimensional communications
  • Quality standards
impact on work
Impact on work
  • Patterns of constant change
  • Permanent migration mobility
  • Outsourcing
  • Flexible structures and modalities
  • End of job norms
  • Knowledge economy
  • Structural inequalities
impact on culture
Impact on culture
  • End of old certainties
  • No return to ‘normal’
  • Polymorphic media
  • Fuzzy logic and postmodernism
impact on education
Impact on education
  • Professional training
  • Best practice
  • Standards and ethics
  • Learner centred
  • Innovation imperatives
hegelian interlude
Hegelian interlude
  • Jena 1806: Phenomenology of Spirit
  • Philosophy meets History
  • Theory of the gaze - master-slave dialectic
  • Desire, struggle and recognition
  • The visibility of the Other
european trajectories
European trajectories
  • Rights of Man: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
  • Thematic mythologies - social inclusion
  • Legacies of struggle
  • Hidden pasts:

colonialism, fascism, exterminism

american trajectories
American trajectories
  • Constitutional rights:

Life, Liberty,the Pursuit of Happiness

  • All men are created equal… but…
  • Final frontiers: immigration, assimilation, success, opportunity
  • Hidden poisons - slavery, race, eugenics
  • Back to the future -

Abu Ghraib to Guantanamo

irish themes
Irish themes
  • Unexamined histories
  • Sectarian realities
  • Identity and modernity
  • Joycean deconstructions
  • The terrible beauty
  • Intercultural dialectics
2008 eu year of intercultural dialogue
2008: EU Year of Intercultural Dialogue
  • Permit exchange
  • Greater knowledge
  • Presumed growth in tolerance, acceptance, non-discrimination
  • Enhanced learning
cross cultural competence
Cross cultural competence
  • Educational basis in B.S. Bloom
  • Bloom’s Taxonomy (1956)
  • Holistic learning in three domains

(affective, psychomotor, cognitive)

intercultural agendas
Intercultural agendas
  • Interaction
  • Empathy
  • Communication
  • Knowledge
  • Removal of prejudice
nagging issues
Nagging issues
  • Gender
  • Power
  • Subsumed violence
  • Values
interculturalism in other words
Interculturalism -in other words…
  • We know what it is
  • We know when it happens
  • We know who is involved

But why should we bother?

the commissioner speaks
The Commissioner speaks

Vladimir Spidla (9.6.08)

  • Promoting tolerance not enough
  • Racism requires policies on diversity, laws, anti-discrimination measures
  • Ongoing issues around cost implications, ambiguities, resistance, rights
global imperatives
Global imperatives
  • Radical re-structuring of world economy
  • Interconnected information/communication
  • Differential access to resources
  • Ecological degradation
  • Decline of rural life

An assumption of stable work patterns and linear economic development is no longer possible

Learning systems must innovate and respond accordingly

spectres at the gates
Spectres at the gates
  • Persistence and increase in inequality
  • Permanent hopelessness of excluded
  • Embedded violence
  • Internal underclass
  • Invisibility and ethnic difference
urbanized futures
Urbanized futures
  • Planet of Slums (Mike Davis)
  • Informal economies
  • Hypercities
learning contexts
Learning contexts
  • Traditional schooling
  • Learning systems both reflect and lead society
  • Information…wisdom…understanding
  • Critical enquiry back to Illich
  • Reflection and inquisitiveness
  • Engaging with difference
the balkan ghost
The Balkan Ghost
  • Boundaries drawn to defend ‘Europe’ against the Other (Slavoj Zizek)
  • Decalogue and Human Rights
  • Love your neighbour not as mirror image… but as Real

(The Fragile Absolute)

pressing concerns
Pressing concerns
  • Agreed definition of multicultural
  • Adjustment and accommodation
  • Melting pot or mosaic
  • Separate development
  • Beliefs, values and practices
  • Symbols, language and behaviour
  • Mutual interaction or structured exclusion?
  • Community values or communal rituals?
  • Linkage to realities or past models?
  • Shared memories or shared hatreds?
eastern tales
Eastern tales…
  • Orhan Pamuk and the re-telling of Hüstev and Sirin
  • Recognizing the Other

Does truth lie in reality or image of reality?

turkish perspectives
Turkish perspectives

“I am a copy of something, but I have forgotten what that something is.”

Oguz Atay

policy opportunities
Policy opportunities
  • Valued diversity
  • Democratic engagement
  • Community empowerment
  • Mutual benefit
  • Legislative underpinning
  • Tolerance to recognition
  • Acknowledged pasts - shared futures
work based learning
Work based learning
  • Learning from intercultural strategies
  • Demonstrated leadership
  • Responding to diverse markets
  • Linkage and added value
  • Re-appropriating competitiveness
  • Meeting needs and profitability
towards best practice
Towards best practice
  • Training of trainers
  • Ongoing equality and diversity training
  • Commitment to diversity management
  • Diverse structures for diverse communities
  • Link inclusion to engaged learning
multicultural learning
Multicultural learning
  • Innovative communication skills
  • Challenging stereotypes and bias
  • Learning across spectrum - gender, disability, age, ethnic origin
  • Collaborative learning - global virtual teams (University of Waikatu).
rights and intercultural learning
Rights and intercultural learning
  • No optional extras
  • Assuming our responsibilities as educators
  • Radio Rwanda to the An Yue Jiang
  • US army blogs
  • E-learning as engine of survival
transformative learning
Transformative learning
  • Planning for globalized realities
  • Learning from difference
  • Learning to learn and un-learn (Toffler)
  • Creative dynamism
  • Anticipating new learning needs
  • Accepting global responsibility
  • Asserting vision
back to hegel
Back to Hegel…
  • Challenging norms - what is indigenous culture?
  • Challenging stereotypes
  • Talent, competence and communicative empathy
  • Engagement with difference
  • Embedded vision
  • Recognition - seeing the Other

seeing ourselves

thank you
Thank you

Dr Alan Bruce