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Population Distribution. How is the population spread within Indias Landscape. Population distribution map.

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population distribution

Population Distribution

How is the population spread within Indias Landscape.

population distribution map
Population distribution map.

-The highest population is around the coastal areas due to the international trading .And also along the Ganges river because the fresh soil provides fertile land for farming as rural living is a big part of the Indian lifestyle.

-The low population areas are in the hot dry parts of India such as the Thar Desert and the Deccan pleataeu as it provides barely any natural rescoures for Indias people.

population diversity
Population diversity
  • Compisition of the population including:
  • -Sex (Gender)
  • -Age
  • -Ethnicity.
population age gender pyramid for india
Population age ,gender pyramid for india.
  • The majority of Indias population is in between age of 0-14 .This tells us that India is a very youthful population –the young dependents.
  • One problem with having a youthful population is that the government have to provide suitable infrastructure to accommodate the working age (15-64) and the rescource’s to young schools ,day care etc.
how come india has such high population of youth might you ask
How come india has such high population of youth might you ask?
  • Because…
  • -The importance of children in the Hindu religion .
  • -The importance of children (particulary males) to provide for farming families (75% of total population)
  • -Parents in the rural areas perceive children as necessary to provide for them (the parents) when they get old
  • -To combat historically high infant mortality rates
  • -Negative perception of contraception
religious diversity in india
Religious diversity in india.
  • -India has the world's largest population of Hindu's and it is the countries official religion. Interestingly India is also home to the third largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia and Pakistan. It is also the home to at least 10 other major religions. India is also home to the third largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia and Pakistan. It is also the home to at least 10 other major religions.
population change over time
Population change over time.
  • -The change in India’s population totals
  • Age sex structure and natural increase.
the rising population
The rising population.
  • -At the start of this year India had a total population of approximately 1.18 Billion people, and numbers are rising
  • -India’s population has grown from just over 350 million to 1 billion in the past 50 years. This has lead to a number of changes in India’s population structure. It has also lead to a number of population issues.
india s total population growth from 1950 2050
India’s total population growth from 1950-2050.

Population(1000’s

  • 2000
  • 1800
  • 1600
  • 1400
  • 1200
  • 1000
  • 800
  • 600
  • 400
  • 200
  • 0

Population Growth=

Projected Future Population Growth.=

1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050

Years.

the growing population
The growing population.
  • -The completed graph shows that the population growth in India has grown by a big amount over the past 60 years and that it will continue to increase over the next few decades .In years to come India’s population will take over China’s on or before 2050.
  • Why is India growing like this
  • To explain India’s growth rate you must break down all the factors that contribute to the total population. This is shown clearly in the ‘Bathtub Model’.
bathtub model
Bathtub model.

KEY:

Cold tap = birth rate

Hot tap = immigration

Evaporation = emigration

Drain = death rate

Water level = total population

-The bathtub model is used to

identify key factors in

population change.

Evaporation.

C H

drain

indian migration
INDian migration

-Migration and Mobility of the Indian People including External and Internal Migration

reasons why indian people move
Reasons why indian people move
  • natural disasters poor conditions
  • higher wages
  • education
  • lifestyle employment

Family changes

Better services

Forced by war

Why do Indian people move?

rural urban lifestyle
Rural/urban lifestyle
  • Rural living- is a big part of the Indian living even though they have the rescources to provide for their families ,they also have large families so they have a higher farm hand but In Indias major cities such as Mumbai ,New Delhi and kolkatta is where top class universities and colleges reside offering a top class education for India’s youthful population.
  • Urban living-Urban living has high population per sq km and can provide for the larger population (has lots of services) they have sewerage, power etc and well high paying jobs also a better education.
india s population sustainability
India’s Population sustainability

Capacity of the environment to support India’s future.

what is population sustainability
What is population sustainability.
  • -Population sustainability means when countries have the environment capacity to support its future.
  • -Agriculture is a big necessity as India’s population grows larger and larger .In 2000 it was around 6 billion. In 2050, based on estimates from the United Nations Commission on Population and Development, it could be as high as 10 billion. An already crowded planet will have over half as many people again. Few countries face as big a challenge as India.
can india support its population
Can india support its population?
  • One of the biggest challenges will be the supply of water. Agriculture along the Ganges river uses most of India's fresh water. If India is to feed a population of 1.6 billion it will need to dramatically increase its agricultural production. But there will be no more available fresh water in 2050 than there is now. Indeed there may be less because of the effects of industrial pollution.
  • Other challenges, seen in India’s big cities, is pollution from the large industrial areas, mainly due to little or no enforcement by the inefficient local government. Also the inability of the infrastructure to provide for these large populations – overcrowded hospitals, lack of trained doctors, large and crowded classrooms through to time spent stuck in traffic.