Outdoor Pursuits. " Life is either a daring adventure or nothing at all. " Helen Keller. Course requirements $85.00 fee paid by February 1 st ( cheque to HHS or Cash) Student participation form completed. Theory
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" Life is either a daring adventure or nothing at all. "Helen Keller
Out Trips/Community Projects
You and 4 of your friends are going for a day hike, 3 hours in 3 hours out, in a remote hilly wooded area of Northern New Brunswick, it’s November (no cell service). What five items should you take knowing there is a chance that you might be stranded. Note that you are only allowed five items per team, not per person. Write the items on paper and be prepared to discuss and defend your choices with the whole group.
The body loses heat in five ways:
The guiding principle of layering is that you are regularly adding and removing layers to keep your body temperature even. An example; I start off on cold morning wearing my base layer a fleece and shell. As my body warms up, I stop to remove the shell. At lunch break, a breeze picks up, I immediately put the shell back on. After lunch the sun is out and it all comes off (except the base layer) and I start my activity. A late afternoon snow storms roll in. I throw on my fleece, and shell and open up the pit zips (underarm vents) and continue activity. I always make sure my extra layers are conveniently located in the outer pockets of my pack, so I can always reach them. http://www.backpacker.com/layering-101-dressing-for-winter-camping-hiking/videos/114
Frostbite occurs when tissues freeze, happens when you are exposed to temperatures below the freezing point of skin.
Superficial frostbite, you may experience burning, numbness, tingling, itching, or cold sensations in the affected areas. The regions appear white and frozen.
Deep frostbite, decrease in sensation that is eventually completely lost. Swelling and blood-filled blisters are noted over white or yellowish skin that looks waxy and turns a purplish blue as it rewarms. May even appear blackened and dead.
Describes the rapid, progressive mental and physical collapse accompanying the chilling of the inner core of the human body. Hypothermia is caused by exposure to cold, aggravated by wet, wind, and exhaustion. It is the number one killer of outdoor recreationalists.
1.STAY DRY. When clothes get wet, they lose about ninety percent of their insulating value. Wool loses less as does many of the new synthetics. Cotton and wet down are worthless.2.BEWARE OF THE WIND. A slight breeze carries heat away from bare skin much faster than still air. Wind drives cold air under and through clothing. Wind refrigerates wet clothes by evaporating moisture from the surface. WIND MULTIPLIES THE PROBLEMS OF STAYING DRY. If you have been in the water and you are wearing a T-shirt that is wet remove it and you will retain more heat. Direct sunlight on the skin helps in the warming process.3.UNDERSTANDING COLD. Most hypothermia cases develop in air temperatures between 1 and 10 degrees Celsius. Most outdoor enthusiast simply can't believe such temperatures can be dangerous. They fatally underestimate the danger of being wet at such temperatures.
Bay of Fundy averages 6 to 10 degrees Celsius
1.Uncontrollable fits of shivering.2.Vague, slow, slurred speech.3.Memory lapses, or incoherence.4.Immobile, fumbling hands.5.Frequent stumbling.
6.Drowsiness (to sleep is to die.)7.exhaustion. Inability to get up after a rest.
The victim may deny he/she is in trouble. Believe the symptoms, not the person. Even mild symptoms demand immediate treatment.