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Resource Unit 2nd Grade. By: D. Casey Hearlihy Megan Hearlihy Kari McGee. Table of Contents. Introduction Content Objectives Activities Evaluation Instructional Resources. Introduction.

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resource unit 2nd grade

Resource Unit2nd Grade

By: D. Casey Hearlihy

Megan Hearlihy

Kari McGee

table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • Content
  • Objectives
  • Activities
  • Evaluation
  • Instructional Resources
  • We think that it is important for students to know where they come from. Therefore, we will teach a unit on Ohio to the 2nd graders at Simon Kenton Elementary in Springfield, Ohio.
  • This lesson will span 8 days and will include several different learning methods and styles.
  • The lesson will begin the first week of March, to commemorate Ohio’s statehood.

Table of Contents

  • Day 1: Symbols of Ohio
  • Day 2: Ohio’s History
  • Day 3 & 4: Ohio’s Famous People
  • Day 5 & 6: Ohio’s Geography
  • Day 7 & 8: Ohio’s Careers
  • Vocabulary

Table of Contents

day 1 symbols of ohio
Day 1: Symbols of Ohio
  • On the first day we will introduce Ohio by reviewing the symbols associated with Ohio and their meanings. The following symbols will be discussed.

- Ohio flag

- Buckeye

- Carnation

- White-tailed deer

- Lady bug

- Cardinal

day 2 ohio s history
Day 2: Ohio’s History
  • We will discuss the important events in Ohio’s history with the students. These event will include events associated with the Wright Bros., the first settlements, Ohio’s involvement in the Civil War, etc. The students will then research the event on their own and make a timeline of the events.
day 3 4 ohio s famous people
Day 3 & 4: Ohio’s Famous People
  • We will discuss the achievements of many famous Ohioans with the class, and we will then talk about how these people’s accomplishments fit into the world as a whole. The following are some of the people that we will discuss.

- Annie Oakley

- Wright Brothers

- Tecumseh

- Neil Armstrong

- John Glenn

day 5 6 ohio s geography
Day 5 & 6: Ohio’s Geography
  • We will introduce the geography of Ohio so that the students can see what types of landforms there are in the state, how big different cities are, what the state looks like, etc. Some of the concepts that will be discussed are the following.

- Mounds

- Hills

- Ohio River

- Lake Erie

- Columbus

- Cleveland

- Cincinnati

day 7 8 ohio s careers
Day 7 & 8: Ohio’s Careers
  • We will discuss some of the various careers that are associated with Ohio. We will try to mention those that are most associated with the state such as the following.

- Farmers

- Factory workers

- Park ranger

- etc.


Statehood Tecumseh Mound

Aviation Native Americans Lake Erie

Wright Brothers Cleveland Underground Railroad

Farmer Cincinnati National Road

Buckeye Columbus Carnation

Pennant Dayton Huffman Prairie

Cardinal Springfield Astronaut

Neil Armstrong Marietta President

John Glenn Annie Oakley Capital

North Johnny Appleseed Lady Bug

South Blue Jacket White-tailed Deer

East Thomas Edison Trilobite

West R.L. Stine Navistar

  • Day 1: Ohio Symbols

- Identify Ohio symbols

- Determine each symbols meaning

- Create symbols that represent each student

  • Day 2: Ohio’s History

- Learn about Ohio’s history through text books

- Illustrate an event in Ohio’s history

- Construct a timeline that include the drawings of historical events

  • Day 3 & 4: Ohio’s Famous People

- Identify famous Ohioans

- Use library resources to research famous people from Ohio

- Dramatically portray famous Ohioans

Table of Contents

  • Day 5 & 6: Ohio’s Geography

- Study Ohio’s geography through the use of maps

- Create 3-D model of Ohio

  • Day 7 & 8: Ohio’s Careers

- Identify careers that are found in Ohio

- Write invitations to parents/guardians

- Participate in career day

  • Day 1: Symbols of Ohio
  • Day 2: Ohio’s History
  • Day 3 & 4: Ohio’s Famous People
  • Day 5 & 6: Ohio’s Geography
  • Day 7 & 8: Ohio’s Careers

Table of Contents

day 1 symbols of ohio14
Day 1: Symbols of Ohio
  • Introduction:
    • The teacher will introduce various symbols of Ohio such as the flag, buckeyes, cardinals, etc. using visual aids.
  • Developmental:
    • The students will each be given an Ohio symbol and they will be told to research and report the meaning.
  • Culminating:
    • The students will create their own symbols of Ohio using various art materials.
day 2 ohio s history15
Day 2: Ohio’s History
  • Introduction:
    • The teacher will read Ohio! By Phil Brownand discuss Ohio’s history with the students.
  • Developmental:
    • The teacher will assign one event in Ohio’s history to each student and each student will have to draw and write about their event.
  • Culminating:
    • The students will use their drawings to make a timeline of important events in Ohio’s history.
day 3 4 ohio s famous people16
Day 3 & 4: Ohio’s Famous People
  • Introduction:
    • The teacher will ask the students if they know any famous people who were from Ohio. The teacher will then talk about a few such as the Wright Bros., John Glenn, Neil Armstrong, etc.
  • Developmental:
    • The students will take a field trip to the public library in order to research famous people from Ohio.
  • Culminating:
    • Each student will give a dramatic presentation on the famous person of their choosing.
day 5 6 ohio s geography17
Day 5 & 6: Ohio’s Geography
  • Introduction:
    • The teacher will introduce Ohio’s geography through the use of maps.
  • Developmental:
    • Students will create a 3D model of Ohio that includes Ohio’s many landforms.
  • Culminating:
    • Students will present their models to the class, and will tell why they chose to use the materials that they used.
day 7 8 ohio s careers18
Day 7 & 8: Ohio’s Careers
  • Introduction:
    • The students will brainstorm the careers that they think are present in Ohio.
  • Developmental:
    • The students will write letters to their parents asking about their careers and inviting them to participate in career day.
  • Culminating:
    • The students will participate in “career day”. During this activity the students parents will come in and discuss what they do, and why it’s important to the community.
  • 1. What landforms are found in Ohio?

a. Mountains

b. Mounds

c. Peninsulas

  • 2.What is the capital of Ohio?

a. Columbus

b. Cincinnati

c. Dayton

  • 3.What year did Ohio become a state?

a. 1789

b. 1803

c. 1908

Table of Contents

  • 4. Which United States president is not from Ohio?

a. James Garfield

b. Lyndon B. Johnson

c. Grover Cleveland

  • 5. Ohio’s land can best be used for:

a. Dog sledding

b. Growing corn

c. Skiing

  • 6. True or False?

Tomato juice is Ohio’s state beverage.

  • 7. True or False?

Ohio’s first settlers lived in Toledo.

  • 8. Short Essay

What factors contributed to the Wright Brothers moving from Dayton, Ohio to Kitty Hawk , North Carolina to fly their plane?

  • 9. Short Essay

Name one famous Ohioan and their contribution to Ohio’s history.

instructional resources
Instructional Resources
  • Teacher References
  • Student References
  • Media References

Table of Contents

teacher references
Teacher References
  • Ohio and It’s People. Paperback. Kent State University Press. Knepper, 2003
    • This book examines Ohio towards the end of the 20th century. Information includes: Ohio state politics, Ohio’s economy and it’s history.
  • Awesome Almanac Ohio. Paperback. B&B Publishing. Benson, 1995.
    • An almanac including random facts about Ohio. Also includes historical and present day facts.
  • Ohio. Paperback. Lerner Publications company. Brown, 1993.
    • Basic information about Ohio. Lots of pictures and easy reading. Information includes: living and working in Ohio, historical timeline, facts and famous Ohioans.
teacher references cont
Teacher References (cont.)
  • Heros of Ohio: 23 True Tales of Courage and Character. Gabriels Horn Publishing Company. Sowash,1998.
    • True staories of 23 Ohioans who defied odds. Includes people such as: John Chapman (Johnny Appleseed), Tecumseh, Annie Oakley, Jesse, Owens etc.
  • Portraits of America:Ohio. VHS. Turner Broadcasting System, 1987.
    • Video endorsed by the National Education Association. Includes info on Cincinnati, Cleveland, Ohio legends, the Wright Brothers and new industries in Ohio. Running time appoximately 55 minutes.
  • Encyclopedia of Ohio Indians. Paperback. Somerset Publishing. Wilson,1998
    • Encyclopedia that looks in depth at Native Americans in the Ohio region.
teacher references cont25
Teacher References (cont.)
  • Ohio in Historic Postcards: A Self Portrait of the State. Hardback. Kent State University Press. Grant,1999.
    • A selection of black and white images of historic Ohio.
  • Buckeye Heritage: Ohio’s History in Song. Sheet Music. Enthea Press. Salt, 1992.
    • Music, lyrics and background information on songs such as “ Darling Nelly Gray”, “Follow the Drinking Gourd” , “Perry’s Victory” and many other songs that are a part of Ohio’s heritage.
  • Legacy of the Mound Builders. VHS. Camera One. 1994
    • Glimpse into early history through the story of the Hopewells and the mounds they bulit across Noth America.
teacher references cont26
Teacher References (cont.)
  • The Ohio Buckeye: The Tree, The State, The Story. VHS. Ohio Buckeye Tree Service.2001.
    • Educational flim featuring the bukeye tree and important role it played in Ohio and American history. Includes other Ohio symbols such as: the state flag, wildflower, song, animal and more. Runing time: 30 min.
student references
Student References
  • B is for Buckeye: An Ohio Alphabet. Hardback children’s book. Sleeping Bear Press. Schonberg, 2000.
    • An alphabet book for older students that explores the heritage and history of Ohio using each letter. Shares stories of modern day attractions, inventions and heros from our state.
  • Ohio Indians: A Kid's Look at Our State's Chiefs, Tribes, Reservations, Powwows, Lore & More. Paperback. Gallopade Publishing Group. Marsh, 1995.
    • Information on the Native American’s that first lived in Ohio. Easy to read and lots of factual information. Includes activities, glossary and index.
student references cont
Student References (cont.)
  • Ohio History!: Surprising Secrets About Our State's Founding Mothers, Fathers & Kids!. Paperback. Gallopade Publishing Group. Marsh, 1995.
    • Explores the contributions that our ancestors have made to Ohio. Talks about why kids should care about history. Includes activities, glossary and index.
  • Ohio, the Buckeye State. Paperback.World Almanac Library. Martin, 2002.
    • A trip through Ohio’s past and present, learning about the states economy, geography, government and people. Includes maps and charts.
media references
Media References
  • Maps:
    • AAA Ohio Map
      • This map can be used to help the students understand the geography of Ohio
  • Paintings:
    • “Fair at New Boston” by :Mike Copeland
      • This painting shows what life was like in a early Ohio Town
  • Websites:
      • This site lists several things about Ohio, including history, famous people, and symbols.
media references cont
Media References (cont.)
  • Websites (cont.):
      • This site has several games dealing with Ohio history, Ohio cities, famous Ohioans, etc.
      • This is an online encyclopedia of Ohio history.
      • This site has links to a lot of maps from the Ohio Department of Transportation
      • A site from the Ohio Public Library Information Network that defines many of Ohio’s symbols.
media references cont31
Media References (cont.)
  • Websites (cont.)
      • An interactive site on Ohio’s famous people. This site has many games to play.
  • CD-ROM
    • Discover Ohio
      • This CD-ROM uses the premise of aliens coming to Earth and exploring Ohio to teach about history, geography, places, facts, etc.
  • Puzzles
    • Ohio Counties Puzzle
      • This puzzle can help children to see where the 88 counties of Ohio are located and how they fit together.
    • Ohio Facts Puzzle
      • This puzzle has many facts about people from Ohio and places in Ohio.
media references cont32
Media References (cont.)
  • Videos:
    • This is America Charlie Brown: The Wright Bros. at Kitty Hawk
      • This video has Charlie Brown interacting with the Wright Bros. it gives some good information on the first flight, and it mentions the Wright bros. connection with Ohio.
    • Ohio Sentimental Journey
      • This video tells of little-known Ohioans, and they contributions they have made to society.
  • Music:
    • “Ohio” by: Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young
      • This song mentions the killing of some 4 students at Kent State University, and can be used to illustrate an important event in Ohio’s history.
media references cont33
Media References (cont.)
  • Music (cont.):
    • “Burn On” by: Randy Newman
      • This song can be used to illustrate Ohio’s presence in the mass media.
    • “Beautiful Ohio” by: Ballard MacDonald
      • This is Ohio’s state song, and it can be used to help the student’s more fully understand some of Ohio’s symbols.
    • “Hang on Sloopy” by: The McCoys
      • This is Ohio’s state rock song, and it can be used to help the student’s more fully understand some of Ohio’s symbols.
media references cont34
Media References (cont.)
  • Bulletin Boards:
    • Ohio History Bulletin Board
      • This bulletin board will be made with the timeline that the students will make on Day2. It will help the children to feel more connected to the history.
  • Posters:
    • Ohio Poster (found at:,890.html)
      • This poster is filled with facts about Ohio’s people and places
    • Ohio From Space
      • This poster shows a picture of Ohio from space, and it can help students to see the different landforms in Ohio.