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Comparison of Modifiers. Comparison of Modifiers. The form of an adjective indicates the degree of comparison that the modifier expresses. There are three forms: Positive Comparative Superlative . The Positive Form. Used to describe individual things, groups, or actions. Examples:

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Comparison of Modifiers


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    1. Comparison of Modifiers

    2. Comparison of Modifiers • The form of an adjective indicates the degree of comparison that the modifier expresses. • There are three forms: • Positive • Comparative • Superlative

    3. The Positive Form • Used to describe individual things, groups, or actions. • Examples: • The emperor’s chariots are fast. • Cassius’s speech was effective.

    4. The Comparative Form • Used to compare two things, groups or actions. • Examples: • The emperor’s chariots are faster than the senators’ chariots. • Brutus’s speech was more effective than Cassius’s speech.

    5. The Superlative Form • Used to compare more than two things, groups, or actions. • Examples: • The emperor’s chariots are the fastest in the empire. • Antony’s speech was the most effective of all.

    6. Regular Comparisons • One-syllable and some two-syllable adjectives form their comparative and superlative forms by adding –er or –est. • All three syllable and most two-syllable adjectives form their comparative and superlative forms by using more or most.

    7. Examples

    8. Spelling Note • If the adjective ends in • y • Change the y to i and add the ending • Example: • Friendly = Friendlier • If the adjective ends in: • Consonant + vowel + consonant • Double the last consonant and add the ending • Example: Sad = Sadder

    9. Irregular Comparisons • Some commonly used modifiers have irregular comparative and superlative forms.