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When Should I Use a Comma?. Just Remember LUCI!. LUCI. Listing Unnecessary Words Connecting Words Introductory Phrases. Listing – L Commas.  Use L commas to separate words in a list. Put a comma before the “and.”

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when should i use a comma

When Should I Use a Comma?

Just Remember LUCI!

  • Listing
  • Unnecessary Words
  • Connecting Words
  • Introductory Phrases
listing l commas
Listing – L Commas
  •  Use L commas to separate words in a list. Put a comma before the “and.”
  • Add L Commas: My favorite authors are Suzanne Collins Harlan Coben and Anne Tyler.
  • Use L Commas: I put on my ski boots. I picked up my poles. I walked toward the lift at Winter Park.
listing l commas cont
Listing – L Commas cont.
  • L commas can also be used to separate TWO strong adjectives before a noun.
  • Add L Commas: Jack Russell Terriers are small energetic dogs. 
  • Use L Commas: A rusty stove heated the entire room. An old stove heated the entire room.
unnecessary words u commas
Unnecessary Words – U Commas
  • Use U commas to set off words in a sentence that are not needed, like extra words that add detail. U commas usually come in twos, and the words in between them can be removed. U commas usually describe the subject of the sentence.
unnecessary words u commas cont
Unnecessary Words – U Commas cont.
  • Example: Andrew, my son, loves to ride his new bike.
  • Add U Commas: My vehicle a gold Honda Pilot is always filthy.
  • Use L Commas: Melissa introduced me to my husband. Melissa is my old roommate.
unnecessary words u commas cont1
Unnecessary Words – U Commas cont.
  • Example: My favorite movie is The Goonies, which stars Sean Astin and Martha Plimpton.
  • Add a U Comma: I was born in Illinois the Land of Lincoln.
  • Use a U Comma: I write letters to my oldest nephew. I write letters to Sam. 
connecting words c commas
Connecting Words – C Commas
  • Use commas before a coordinating conjunction that combines two complete sentences.
  • Add C Commas: Matt threw something at the trashcan and Mrs. Martin yelled at him for playing basketball in English class.
  • Use C Commas: You can skip homework assignments. You won’t do as well on the quiz.
connecting words fanboys
Connecting Words - FANBOYS
  • Here is a list of coordinating conjunctions that are used in compound sentences:
    • For
    • And
    • Nor
    • But
    • Or
    • Yet
    • So
introductory words phrases i commas
Introductory Words/Phrases – I Commas
  • Use a comma after a phrase that starts the sentence. This is another way of combining sentences, but you will need to add words at the beginning of the sentences like even though, however, after, actually, first, because, and as.
  • Example: When Kelly hurried into her house after a long day at work, she forgot her baby was still in the backseat of her car.
introductory words phrases i commas cont
Introductory Words/Phrases – I Commas cont.
  • Add I Commas: Even though the Wolverines had a new coach they still had a losing season.
  • Use I Commas: The fence wasn’t sturdy. John lost his balance and fell.
luci review
LUCI Review
  • Remember: There can be more than one kind of comma in a sentence.
how to figure out which comma is being used
How to Figure Out Which Comma is Being Used…
  • Is it a list of things? If yes, it’s an L Comma.
  • Are there two commas? Can you take out the words in the middle, and the sentence still makes sense? If yes, it’s a U Comma.
  • Do FANBOYS come before the comma? Are there TWO complete sentences? If yes, it’s a C Comma.
  • Is the complete sentence after the comma? Do you see a transition? If yes, it’s an I Comma.