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Introduction to the HL7 Terminfo Project. IHTSDO Implementation SIG Webinar 5 June, 2012 Robert Hausam, MD. HL7 Organization. Health Level Seven International Founded 1987

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introduction to the hl7 terminfo project

Introduction to the HL7 Terminfo Project

IHTSDO Implementation SIG Webinar

5June, 2012

Robert Hausam, MD

hl7 organization
HL7 Organization
  • Health Level Seven International
  • Founded 1987
  • Not-for-profit, ANSI-accredited standards developing organization dedicated to providing a comprehensive framework and related standards for the exchange, integration, sharing, and retrieval of electronic health information that supports clinical practice and the management, delivery and evaluation of health services
hl7 what does it mean
HL7 – What Does It Mean?
  • "Level Seven" refers to the seventh level of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) seven-layer communications model for Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) - the applicationlevel
  • The application level interfaces directly to and performs common application services for the application processes
hl7 vision
HL7 Vision
  • To create the best and most widely used standards in healthcare
hl7 mission
HL7 Mission
  • HL7 provides standards for interoperability that improve care delivery, optimize workflow, reduce ambiguity and enhance knowledge transfer among all of our stakeholders, including healthcare providers, government agencies, the vendor community, fellow SDOs and patients
hl7 mission cont
HL7 Mission (Cont.)
  • In all of our processes we exhibit timeliness, scientific rigor and technical expertise without compromising transparency, accountability, practicality, or our willingness to put the needs of our stakeholders first
terminfo project history
Terminfo Project History
  • Project began January 2005
  • Balloted as DSTU (Draft Standard for Trial Use)
    • First balloted and approved as DSTU May 2006
    • Re-balloted Jan. 2007, Sept. 2007, May 2009
    • DSTU expired May 2009
    • DSTU document jointly published by HL7 and IHTSDO
  • David Markwell
  • Ed Cheetham
  • Bob Dolin
  • Sarah Ryan
  • Ian Townend
  • Beverly Knight
  • Kent Spackman
  • Others
terminfo project scope
Terminfo Project Scope
  • The primary scope of this implementation guide is to provide guidance for the use of SNOMED CT in the HL7 V3 Clinical Statement pattern
  • Includes:
    • Structured Documents (CDA Release 2)
    • Patient Care
    • Orders and Observations
    • Models using the Clinical Statement CMET
terminfo project scope1
Terminfo Project Scope
  • Guidance should also be applied to the use of SNOMED CT in other HL7 V3 models that share features with the Clinical Statement model, unless domain specific requirements prevent this
  • While other code systems (such as LOINC or ICD9) may be required or even preferable in some situations, these situations are outside the scope of this guide
terminfo project scope2
Terminfo Project Scope
  • Achieved by consensus development of guidance relating to:
    • Areas of semantic overlap – for example attributes supported by both models such as negation
    • Areas specific to each technology – for example constraining appropriate SNOMED CT content for each Clinical Statement class
terminfo project scope3
Terminfo Project Scope
  • This guidance takes the form of:
    • editorial principles
    • technical constraints and mappings where these are possible
    • worked illustrative examples
    • discussion and explanation of open issues
terminfo purpose overview
Terminfo Purpose/Overview
  • The purpose of this guide is to ensure that HL7 Version 3 standards achieve their stated goal of semantic interoperability when used to communicate clinical information that is represented using concepts from SNOMED CT
terminfo purpose overview1
Terminfo Purpose/Overview
  • The guide takes account of:
    • The SNOMED CT concept model including those elements concerned with the representation of context
    • The structure and semantics of the HL7 Reference Information Model (RIM)
terminfo purpose overview2
Terminfo Purpose/Overview
  • The advantages and disadvantages of each option are identified and recommendations are made on which option (or options) should be used to provide for the greatest level of semantic interoperability
  • In cases where alternative options are recommended advice is included on mapping between them
document structure content how to read this document
Document Structure/Content“How to read this document”
  • Section 1 – Introduction
  • Section 2(normative) - Detailed guidance on dealing with specific overlaps between RIM and SNOMED CT semantics
    • Subsections include:
      • A brief introduction to the item
      • An explanation of the potential overlap
      • A statement of rules and guidance on usage
      • A supporting discussion and rationale
document structure content how to read this document1
Document Structure/Content“How to read this document”
  • Section 3(informative) - Set of examples and patterns for representing common clinical statements
  • Section 4 (informative) - Describes normal forms, including their use with SNOMED CT
    • Also discusses considerations for transformations between various common representations and SNOMED CT or HL7 RIM based normal forms
document structure content how to read this document2
Document Structure/Content“How to read this document”
  • Section 5(normative) - Contains a number of constraints on SNOMED CT Concepts applicable to relevant attributes in each of the major classes in the Clinical Statement pattern
  • Appendix A(informative) – Discussion of the potential overlaps between an information model and a terminology model and the pros and cons of various possible approaches to managing these overlaps
document structure content how to read this document3
Document Structure/Content“How to read this document”
  • Appendix B (reference) – References to relevant documents including SNOMED CT specifications and compositional grammar
  • Appendix C (informative) – Changes to the document since the last ballot
  • Appendix D (informative) – Identifies known open issues in SNOMED CT that limit the completeness and consistent application of some of the guidance in the document
document structure content how to read this document4
Document Structure/Content“How to read this document”
  • Appendix E (informative) – More detailed discussion of approaches to normative constraints on SNOMED CT
    • Identifies the need for further development of formal vocabulary rules to support this
terminfo 2
Terminfo 2
  • June 2011 - Needed to either withdraw Terminfo as a standard or re-engage project
  • Discussed within HL7 and IHTSDO - Decided that maintaining and continuing to jointly publish as a standard was important for both organizations
  • New project officially launched January 2012
  • Retains content and builds on work from the previous DSTU
terminfo 21
Terminfo 2
  • Areas of expanded scope
    • HL7 V2 artifacts
      • Messages
    • LOINC terminology
      • Areas of overlap including system (specimen) and method axes
  • Clarification
    • All V3 artifacts
      • Including CDA and templates
      • As well as messages and services
leaders contributors
  • Rob Hausam (HL7)
  • David Markwell (IHTSDO)
  • Dan Vreeman (Regenstrief)
  • Beverly Knight
  • Jim Case
  • Daniel Karlsson
  • Others
terminfo 2 principles
Terminfo 2 Principles
  • Recommendations will provide guidance on overlap between the terminology and information models
    • Include when (and when not) to post-coordinate
  • Recommendations will be driven by use cases
    • Guide will include specific and consistent examples of clinical information
    • Use cases will include not only clinical information but also technical constraints
terminfo 2 principles1
Terminfo 2 Principles
  • Recommendations will align with the goals of terminology development organizations (including HL7 and others)
  • Recommendations must be implementable by stakeholder user communities
    • This may mean that recommendations must support more than one approach
terminfo 2 principles2
Terminfo 2 Principles
  • Recommendations will support consistent precision of representation between the terminology and the information model
    • Semantics must be explicit, even in tools that do not easily support explicit semantics (e.g., class diagrams, RDBMS)
    • When recommendations provide options, they will specify patterns for semantically rigorous transformations among options (Last two may overlap a bit)
terminfo 2 objectives
Terminfo 2 Objectives
  • Clearly and explicitly guide standards modelers in incorporating SCT and LOINC values into HL7 V2 and V3 artifacts in ways that fulfill the semantic constraints of both information model and terminology
  • Provide implementers (e.g., software developers) with clear guidance on their options for representing data in instances
terminfo 2 objectives1
Terminfo 2 Objectives
  • Provide information consumers (e.g., report writers or researchers) with clear descriptions of the semantics of conforming artifacts
  • Provide terminology developers with clear feedback on the uses to which terminologies are put
current project activities
Current Project Activities
  • Conference calls
    • Tomorrow! – Wednesday 6 June, 12:00 Eastern Daylight Time (UTC – 4)
    • Calls are every other week (fortnightly)
  • HL7 Wiki Terminfo 2 page
    • Work in progress
use case microbiology reporting
Use Case – Microbiology Reporting
  • Purpose
    • Identify guidelines in the domain of microbiology reporting terminology when using LOINC for the observation and SNOMED CT for the result value
  • Scope
    • V2, V3 & CDA
use case microbiology reporting1
Use Case – Microbiology Reporting
  • The guidelines will cover the LOINC observations used in Microbiology reporting where a coded result value is a recommended option
  • Include recommendations and guidance on:
    • The use of interpretation of the result value
    • When to use generic LOINC observations and organism specific observations
      • Type of result value codes which should be used and which ones should be avoided for each observation
use case microbiology reporting2
Use Case – Microbiology Reporting
  • The use of specimen information
  • The use of method information
  • The use of isolate observations & result value
  • The use of sensitivity observations and result values
  • Others??
hl7 vancouver wgm terminfo session highlights
HL7 Vancouver WGMTerminfo Session Highlights
  • Further develop microbiology and other use cases
  • Representation of methods at levels of granularity greater than provided by LOINC
  • Clear guidance needed for organism-specific cultures
  • identify standard mechanisms for using a SNOMED CT code in conjunction with a LOINC code
hl7 vancouver wgm terminfo session highlights1
HL7 Vancouver WGMTerminfo Session Highlights
  • Issues related to method and devices concepts required for representing information regarding neoplasms
    • In V3 this is a participation relationship
  • Procedure.methodCode and Observation.methodCode are both part of the HL7 definition of method
    • SNOMED CT takes a narrower view
    • Implications of SNOMED CT proposed technique hierarchy development/reorganization
hl7 vancouver wgm terminfo session highlights2
HL7 Vancouver WGMTerminfo Session Highlights
  • Need “Environmental scan” of existing implementation guides related to method
  • Add guidance section for Observation.interpretationCode
  • New section added for Organism related observables
  • New section added for Specimen
  • Rob Hausam
  • David Markwell
  • Beverly Knight