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GREAT DEPRESSION AND NEW DEAL. Great Depression and New Deal. Causes Business was booming, but investments were made with borrowed money ( Overspeculation ) There was excessive expansion of credit Business Failures led to bankruptcies Bank Deposits were invested in the market

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great depression and new deal1
Great Depression and New Deal
  • Causes
    • Business was booming, but investments were made with borrowed money (Overspeculation)
    • There was excessive expansion of credit
    • Business Failures led to bankruptcies
    • Bank Deposits were invested in the market
    • When the Market Collapsed, the banks ran out of money
consequences of the stock market crash of 1929
Consequences of the Stock Market Crash of 1929
  • Clients panicked, attempting to withdraw their money from the banks, but there was nothing to give them.
  • There were no new investments
great depression suffering
Great Depression -Suffering
  • National Income - total paid to producers of the nation’s goods and services dropped by 50%
  • No system of direct relief
    • No unemployment insurance
    • Result: Hobos, Bonus Army and “Hoovervilles”
president hoover s approach
President Hoover’s approach
  • Rugged Individualism
    • direct relief through individuals and local government agencies
    • Lend money to states and agencies
    • Perception: money to corporations while people starved
hoover s errors
Hoover’s Errors
  • Refused to cancel debts owed to the USA from World War I
  • Abrasive (Harsh) relationship with Congress
    • Denounced Congress rather than negotiate
  • Too little, Too late
causes of the great depression
Causes of the Great Depression
  • The stock market crash of 1929 and collapse of stock prices
  • Federal Reserve’s failure to prevent widespread collapse of the nation’s banking system in the late 1920s and early 1930s, leading to severe contraction in the nation’s supply of money in circulation
  • High protective tariffs that produced retaliatory tariffs in other countries, strangling world trade (Tariff Act of 1930, popularly called the Hawley-Smoot Act)
impact of the great depression
Impact of the Great Depression
  • Unemployment and homelessness
  • Collapse of financial system (bank closings)
  • Decline in demand for goods
  • Political unrest (growing militancy of labor unions)
  • Farm foreclosures and migration
franklin delano roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
  • Defeats Hoover in a landslide
  • Appeared to be doing something
    • “New Deal” promised
    • Fireside Chats ~
first hundred days
First Hundred Days
  • Bi-partisan cabinet
    • Democrats, Republicans, Progressives, Isolationists
    • First female - Francis Perkins (Secretary of Labor)
new deal franklin roosevelt
New Deal (Franklin Roosevelt)
  • This program changed the role of the government to a more active participant in solving problems.
  • Roosevelt rallied a frightened nation in which one in four workers was unemployed. (“We have nothing to fear, but fear itself.”),
  • Relief measures provided direct payment to people for immediate help (Works Progress Administration—WPA).

Recovery programs were designed to bring the nation out of the depression over time (Agricultural Adjustment Administration—AAA).

  • Reform measures corrected unsound banking and investment practices (Federal Deposit Insurance
  • Corporation—FDIC).
  • Social Security Act offered safeguards for workers.
effects of the new deal
Effects of the New Deal
  • Higher incomes - farmers and workers
  • Preservation of natural resources
  • Security for the sick and aged
  • Organization of Unions
  • Increase in national infrastructure
  • National debt raised
  • Federal bureaucracy doubled
new deal philosophy today
New Deal Philosophy Today
  • The legacy of the New Deal influenced the public’s belief in the responsibility of government to deliver public services, to intervene in the economy, and to act in ways that promote the general welfare.
the new deal failed to end the depression high unemployment continued until world war ii
The New Deal failed to end the Depression. High unemployment continued until World War II.