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The Three Branches of the United States Government. DO NOW. MAKE SURE YOU HAVE YOUR TEXTBOOK WHAT ARE THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT DESCRIBE THEIR ROLES WHICH ONE IS THE MOST POWERFUL?. OUR GOVERNMENT. Constitution:

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do now
DO NOW
  • MAKE SURE YOU HAVE YOUR TEXTBOOK
  • WHAT ARE THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT
  • DESCRIBE THEIR ROLES
  • WHICH ONE IS THE MOST POWERFUL?
our government
OUR GOVERNMENT
  • Constitution:
    • a document that gives power to the government and rights to the people
our government1
OUR GOVERNMENT
  • Checks and Balances – a system that prevents any part of government (branch) from becoming too powerful; each of the branches can limit powers of the others.
      • EX) Congress makes laws that the president signs
  • The Constitution divides power among three parts or “branches” of government to ensure no one branch has all the power.
    • Article 1 = legislative
    • Article 2 = executive
    • Article 3 = judicial
legislative branch
Legislative Branch
  • Division of the government that proposes and passes bills
executive branch
Executive Branch
  • Division of government that includes the president and administrators; enforces laws.
judicial branch
Judicial Branch
  • Division of government made up of courts; in charge of the court system; interprets laws, punishes criminals and settles disputes
summary of branches
SUMMARY OF BRANCHES

Senate and House of Reps-

make laws

President -

makes laws into reality

Supreme Court -

reviews laws

legislative congress
Legislative – Congress
  • House of Representatives
    • Reps serve 2 yrs
    • A Rep must be 25 yrs old & a citizen for 7 yrs
    • Can suggest tax laws
    • Can impeach the president
legislative congress1
Legislative – Congress
  • Senate
    • Senators serve a 6 yr term
    • A Senator must be 30 yrs old and a citizen for 9 yrs
    • Can approve presidential appointments
    • Approves treaties with foreign powers
    • Can put the president on trial after impeachment
legislative congress2
Legislative – Congress
  • Both the House and Senate together

10. Can propose laws

11. Can declare war

12. Can override the president’s veto with a 2/3 vote

13. Can propose amendments to the Constitution with a 2/3 vote

executive the president vice president and cabinet
Executive – the President, Vice President and Cabinet
  • The President serves a four year term.
  • The President must be at least 35 yrs old, a 14-yr resident and native born
  • Has the power to approve or veto laws
  • Makes international treaties
  • Nominates judges to the Supreme Ct
  • Appoints cabinet members
  • Is Commander-in-Chief of the military
judicial supreme and federal courts
Judicial – Supreme and Federal Courts
  • Justices of the Supreme Ct serve for life
  • Can declare laws unconstitutional
  • Can settle disputes involving the U.S.
  • Can settle disputes between states
  • Chief Justice rules over an impeachment trial of the President