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Welcome. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute May 1, 2012 U.S. History Mr. Green. Agenda/Topics To Be Covered. The students will explain how civil rights activism forced President Kennedy to act against segregation by describing the passage of a voting rights act Hand In: Chapter 21 Vocabulary

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Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

May 1, 2012

U.S. History

Mr. Green

agenda topics to be covered
Agenda/Topics To Be Covered

The students will explain how civil rights activism forced President Kennedy to act against segregation by describing the passage of a voting rights act

Hand In: Chapter 21Vocabulary

Drill: Read the Personal Voice on page 706 and answer the following questions:

1. Why was King impatient to achieve integration?

2. Why did his son’s question make King even more impatient for change?

Motivation: What does it mean to take a stand?

the triumphs of a crusade ch 21 section 2 pages 704 710
The Triumphs of a Crusade Ch. 21 Section 2 pages 704-710

Riding for Freedom

Freedom riders

Anniston, AL bus attack that ended in a fire bomb exploding the bus-May 4, 1961

New Volunteers

SNCC volunteers continued the bus rides, even though they were attacked-RFK called to have the bus driver take the volunteers to Montgomery on May 20

Arrival of Federal Marshalls

Riders were to be protected by police, but they never showed up

JFK sent 400 U.S. Marshalls

ICC banned segregation in all interstate travel facilities

standing firm
Standing Firm

Integrating Ole Miss

James Meredith, Air Force Veteran

JFK sent Federal Marshals to have Meredith register

Heading into Birmingham

Fred Shuttlesworth invited MLK to Birmingham

Why Birmingham? Read page 706

April 12, 1963 MLK arrested marching in the street

May 3, 1963 more marchers

Bull Connor used fire hoses and attack dogs

Birmingham officials gave in and ended segregation in the city

JFK called for a Civil Rights bill on June 11, 1963

marching to washington
Marching to Washington

MLK and the march on Washington

August 28, 1963

September 1963-16th street Baptist Church bombings killed 4 young African-American girls

July 2, 1964-Civil Rights Act of 1964

fighting for voting rights
Fighting for Voting Rights

Freedom Summer of 1964

recruited white college students to help register African-Americans in the South

Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James Chaney

A New Political Party

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

Wanted a seat at the 1964 Democratic convention

Selma, AL-get African-Americans to register to vote-more than ½ the population but only 3% registered to vote

Selma March, March 1965 with tear gas and whips and clubs used by police

seen on national TV

voting rights act of 1965
Voting Rights Act of 1965

Eliminated literacy tests

Federal examiners could enroll voters

24th amendment

banned poll taxes

independent work
Independent Work

1. What did the Civil Rights Act of 1875 do?

2. How did the court rule in Plessy v. Ferguson?

3. In what three ways did WWII help set the stage for the modern civil rights movement?

4. Who argued Brown’s case?

5. What did the Brown decision declare?

6. Why did the Court rule as it did in Brown?

7. What organization was formed to support Rosa Parks?

8. What did it do?

9. How did Ike respond to the Little Rock crisis?

10. Who was the president of SCLC?

11. What was SCLC’s purpose?

12. What did SNCC accomplish, and how?

wrap up

Summarize the events that led to the 1950’s Civil Rights actions in the South.


1. Read Chapter 19 Section 2