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Civilization & Mesopotamia . Early Civilizations. What is civilization?. The most advanced stage of human social development and organization. Characteristics of Civilizations . Advanced Cities Large group living together Trading center . Characteristics of Civilizations .

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slide3

What is civilization?

The most advanced stage of human social development and organization

characteristics of civilizations
Characteristics of Civilizations
  • AdvancedCities
    • Large group living together
    • Trading center
characteristics of civilizations1
Characteristics of Civilizations
  • SpecializedWorkers
    • Develop skills in a specific kind of work

(trader or priest)

characteristics of civilizations2
Characteristics of Civilizations
  • ComplexInstitutions
    • Long-lasting pattern of organization in a community
    • Examples:
      • Religion
      • Government
      • Economy
characteristics of civilizations3
Characteristics of Civilizations
  • RecordKeeping
    • System of writing
    • Taxes, laws, religious rituals
    • Scribes – professional record keepers
characteristics of civilizations4
Characteristics of Civilizations
  • AdvancedTechnology
    • Anything that makes life easier
civilizations of mesopotamia fertile crescent land between the rivers people sumerians
Civilizations of MesopotamiaFertile Crescent, “land between the rivers”People: Sumerians
geography
Geography
  • Tigris & Euphrates Rivers
  • Annual flooding
    • Silt
government
Government
  • City-state: city & surrounding area functioning as a country does today
  • Priests head government 3,000 BCE
  • Kings head government 2,500 BCE
    • Create Dynasties - series of rulers under one family

Ziggurat – walled temple

government forming empires
Government: Forming Empires
  • 1stempire: brings together several independent peoples, nations, or states
  • Babylonian – Babylon

(2000 - 539 BCE)

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Laws
  • Hammurabi’s Code
    • Hammurabi

(Babylonian King)

    • 1792-1750 BCE
    • Unified code of laws
    • Oldest known legal system
religion
Religion
  • Polytheism: many gods
  • Ziggurats
society culture
Society/Culture

Sumerian

Social Hierarchy

society culture1
Society/Culture
  • Arithmetic, Geometry
    • Helped in building projects
  • Architecture
    • Arches, columns, ramps, pyramid shape
  • Cuneiform
    • Writing system
    • Pictograph – symbols stand for words