Essential nutrients for optimal growth and good health
Download
1 / 15

Essential Nutrients for Optimal Growth and Good Health - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 125 Views
  • Uploaded on

Essential Nutrients for Optimal Growth and Good Health. Essential Nutrients (EN). Essential Nutrients Required for health; obtained from our diet Body cannot make enough, or any of the nutrient. Non Essential Nutrients Required for health Body can make enough to meet our needs

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Essential Nutrients for Optimal Growth and Good Health' - odessa


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Essential nutrients for optimal growth and good health

Essential Nutrients for Optimal Growth and Good Health


Essential nutrients en
Essential Nutrients (EN)

Essential Nutrients

Required for health; obtained from our diet

Body cannot make enough, or any of the nutrient

  • Non Essential Nutrients

    • Required for health

    • Body can make enough to meet our needs

    • e.g. creatine, lecithin, cholesterol etc.


Essential nutrients n 6
Essential Nutrients (N=6)

Carbohydrate organic (o), energy (nrg)

Lipid (fats/oils) o, nrg

Protein o, nrg, contains nitrogen

non-preferred nrg source

Vitamins o, not an nrg source

Minerals inorganic (i), not an nrg source

Water major component body wt. most acutely needed EN

Note: organic(o) = contains carbon


Evaluating dietary quality
Evaluating Dietary Quality

  • Define these terms

    • Nutrient Dense (ND) - many nutrients/gram of food

    • Calorie Dense (CD) - many calories/gram of food

    • Empty Calorie (EC) - very few nutrients/calorie of food


Caloric density calories wt of food
Caloric Density: calories/wt of food

90 calories/lb

1200 calories/lb

And that is without cream cheese!


Food comparison nd cd ec
Food Comparison: ND-CD-EC

Cal Prot Fiber Vit Min

  • Almonds 210 7.6 4.1 √ √

    ¼ cup

  • Carrots 15 0.25 1.2 √ √

    4 baby

  • Sugar 150 0.00 0.0 0.0 0.0

    3T.(=9 t.)

    ~ 35-40 gram portion

ND/CD

ND

EC


Evaluating diet quality
Evaluating Diet Quality

  • Using ND, CD and EC, describe the type of diet you advise to reach each goal.

  • Be ready to explain your choice.

    • A healthy college student trying to lose 10 pounds

    • A competitive athlete desiring weight gain

    • A healthy 5 year old child

    • Someone recovering from burn/injury/surgery

    • A healthy elderly woman who uses a walker


Energy nutrients
Energy Nutrients

Carbohydrate (4 calories/g)

Lipid (9)

Protein (4)

Reminder:

Alcohol provides

energy but

is NOT an EN


Energy nrg nutrients
Energy (nrg) Nutrients

NRG nutrients are:

organic

contain carbon

can be burned (oxidized) to make ATP**

** ATP is the fuel cells use to do their work.

NRG nutrientsATP

(fuel from food) cellular(fuel for cells)

respiration


Energy nrg nutrients1
Energy (nrg) Nutrients

NRG nutrients are:

organic

contain carbon

can be burned (oxidized) to make ATP**

** ATP is the fuel cells use to do their work.

NRG nutrientsATP

(fuel from food) cellularWhat does the P stand for?

respiration Is it essential?


Cellular respiration equation
Cellular Respiration Equation

NRG nutrient + O2 H2O + CO2 + ATP + heat

  • Typically these reactions only happen in a special part of acell (mitochondria).

  • There is also a bit of ATP produced in other ways.


Respiration vs photosynthesis
Respiration vs. Photosynthesis

Cellular respiration (animal function)

nrg nutrient + O2 H2O + CO2 + ATP + heat

(C, P, L) (nrg)

Photosynthesis (green plant function)

solar nrg+ H2O + CO2 nrg nutrient* + O2

(*glucose, a type of carb)


Plants
Plants!!!!!

  • Ultimately all Calories are solar in origin

  • Green plants convert solar energy to nrg nutrients

  • Plants + helper organisms

    capture Nitrogen form we use

    (amino acids)

    Food security is intimately

    tied to the health of

    the environment!


Next class
NEXT CLASS

  • Please bring a food label to class......

    a food product you actually eat not candy or gum 

  • See website for lecture notes and handouts

  • Try a new veggie this weekend!!!


Partner up think and answer
Partner Up, Think and Answer!

  • What is the most vital component of food production?

  • Name the essential nutrients. Which give us energy?

  • Why is an orange more nutrient dense than OJ?

  • Which EN has the most Calories/gram?

  • Compare and contrast the substrates of cellular respiration and the products of photosynthesis.

  • What is the form of NRG the cell can use?