verb wars episode 3 return of the participle
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Verb Wars Episode #3: Return of the Participle

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Verb Wars Episode #3: Return of the Participle. What Are Participles ?. What is a participle? A participle is a verb that can also be used as an adjective. Present participles end in – ing . Example: The swimming duck flapped his wings.

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what are participles
What Are Participles?
  • What is a participle?
    • A participle is a verb that can also be used as an adjective.
      • Present participles end in –ing.
        • Example: The swimming duck flapped his wings.
      • Most past participles end in –d or –ed. Some are irregular.
        • Example: The abandoned warehouse was on fire.
        • Irregular example: The chosen one sighed.
what are participial phrases
What Are Participial Phrases?
  • What is a participial phrase?
    • A participial phrase consists of a participle and any modifiers the participle has. The entire phrase is then used as an adjective.
    • This can come either before the noun or after it.

Example:

Singing sweetly, the bird flew home.

The cat, meowing noisily, finally got the owner’s attention.

punctuating participial phrases
Punctuating Participial Phrases
  • When a participial phrase is used BEFORE the noun/subject in the sentence, it is followed by a comma.
    • Singing sweetly, the bird flew home.
  • When a participial phrase is used AFTER the noun/subject and before the predicate, it is called a parenthetical statement and is therefore both preceded and followed by a comma.
    • The cat, meowing noisily, finally got the owner’s attention.
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Let’s Practice

The running refrigerator sent the electric bill soaring.

Answer:

Running, present participle

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Let’s Practice

The bird, chirping noisily, woke me up.

Answer:

Chirping noisily, participial phrase

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Let’s Practice

The haunted house frightened the children.

Answer:

haunted, past participle

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Let’s Practice

Spoken loudly, the teacher’s words were taken seriously.

Answer:

Spoken loudly, participial phrase

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Let’s Practice

The girl, crying softly, delivered the news.

Answer:

Crying softly, participial phrase

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Let’s Practice

The ruined reputation could not be salvaged.

Answer:

Ruined, past participle

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Let’s Practice

Whistling quietly, the girl walked down the hallway.

Answer:

Whistling quietly, participial phrase

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Let’s Practice

She took a bite of the melting ice cream

Answer:

melting, present participle

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Let’s Practice

They couldn’t run fast enough on their throbbing feet.

Answer:

throbbing, present participle

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Let’s Practice

Zombies attacked the abandoned town.

Answer:

Abandoned, past participle

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Let’s Practice

Dancing wildly, the child moved with the music.

Answer:

Dancing wildly, participial phrase

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Let’s Practice

She couldn’t do much to stop the screeching sound.

Answer:

screeching, present participle

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Let’s Practice

Sleeping quietly, the girl was hidden beneath the washed sheets.

Answer:

Sleeping quietly, participial phrase

Washed, past participle

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Let’s Practice

My mother, scowling angrily, sent me to my room.

Answer:

Scowling angry, past participle

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Let’s Practice

The screaming girl did not listen to the pleading of the other students.

Answer:

Screaming, present participle

But not pleading…because pleading is a gerund!

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Let’s Practice

Her styled hair was blowing in the breeze.

Answer:

Styled, past participle

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