Learning from Disaster Recovery International Recovery Platform (IRP) Review of Emerging Lessons
What is disaster recovery? “ ….the permanent construction or replacement of severely damaged physical structures, the full restoration of all services, and local infrastructure, the re-vitalization of the economy and the restoration of social and cultural life.” An overview of Disaster Management, UNDP, 1991
Who is undertaking this review? • This is a combined operation involving: • Government of Japan • UNDP • ISDR secretariat incl. PPEW • ADRC • The review is being edited by a team led by Professor Ian Davis Resilience Centre, Cranfield University, UK
Why is this learning needed? • Because there is a gap. Currently, there is no documentation that compares disaster recovery lessons across sectors, cultures and hazard types. • To document vital experiences of recovery management in order to share relevant knowledge with those needing it.
Without this study there is a serious risk of decision makers ‘re-inventing wheels’. • A template is needed to enable future recovery studies to be undertaken to aid comparison and analysis.
What aspects of recovery will be examined? • Following natural disasters. • Following all main natural hazards. • Recovery in all phases, from early phases to long-term recovery. • All sectors (e.g. livelihoods, shelters) of recovery management. • Administrative patterns to support recovery • Analysis of recovery will follow thematic lines of the project.
Who are the audience? ALL STAKEHOLDERS: • Government officials responsible for recovery management. • UN staff in agencies with recovery roles (i.e. UNDP, UNICEF, UNESCO, UNCHS, ISDR etc.) • Staff in International Development Banks.
National and International NGO’s. • Private Sector (Construction, Small Business Sector, Agriculture, Financial Investment, Insurance, etc.). • Donors supporting Disaster Recovery.
Three dimensional recovery The review will seek to find lessons concerning the three dimensions of recovery: • PSYCHO-SOCIAL • ECONOMIC • PHYSICAL (including the natural environment)
processes Political Re Environmental - Cultural n trauma stress Context national economic Social rehabilitation / recovery - establishing local and Psycho / Social Recovery: Economic Recovery: indirect disaster consequences - The addressing post Recovery addressing Process n Physical Recovery: n Buildings / infrastructure / agriculture / forestry / transport 132 Three dimensional recovery The review will identify lessons concerning three dimensions of recovery:
Long-Term effects of early decisions
‘Temporary Housing’ in Skopje that survived and shaped a city…. 1963 - Skopje
Time Constraints In Recovery
How will this be undertaken? • Key recovery documents have been assembled to form a data base (currently 56 disaster recovery examples compiled by IRP). • A team of staff in IRP (Hyogo), ISDR Geneva, Platform for the Promotion of Early Warning (PPEW Bonn), Colombia and Oxford will develop the recovery review from December 2005-April 2006 based on analysis along five thematic lines.
What will be the result of this exercise? • Improved global recovery management • Better understanding concerning the integration of psycho-social, economic, and physical recovery actions. • Advice on ways to incorporate risk reduction into recovery. • Better use of money invested in recovery through an ‘evidence based approach’ based on what works and what fails.