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New Forest Products. 2008 Provincial Leadership Forum. TOPIC SPONSOR. Joan Elangovan, M.Eng. Assistant Deputy Minister Ministry of Forests and Range.

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new forest products

New Forest Products

2008 Provincial Leadership Forum

topic sponsor
TOPIC SPONSOR

Joan Elangovan, M.Eng.

Assistant Deputy Minister

Ministry of Forests and Range

Joan Elangovan was appointed Assistant Deputy Minister for Corporate Services in January 2007. Her portfolio includes planning, policy and legislation; financial control and budget management; organization development; and information management and technology. Recently she has also become the executive lead for Value-Added Strategies.

Joan joined the BC government in 1992. She worked in senior management positions in the social and economic development sectors, most recently, in the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Attorney General. Prior to joining the BC public service, she worked for Ontario Hydro. Joan has a Master of Engineering degree from the University of Toronto.

In her spare time, Joan enjoys reading, music and travel. Joan and her husband live in Victoria.

FOR-EX PLTM2008

competitive issues
COMPETITIVE ISSUES

John Talbot

Performance Management, Strategic Business Development

FP Innovations

John Talbot has over thirty years of managerial experience in manufacturing, principally in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. Recent operating experience has been primarily in the wood products sector. John has intimate and practical knowledge of structural and value added wood manufacturing productivity issues, raw material supply, and strategic business planning / implementation.

John, formerly the Executive Director - Value Added manufacturing at the Crown Corporation of Forest Renewal BC, has had specific careers in labour relations and sales and marketing - developing / and implementing of export marketing programs.

FOR-EX PLTM2008

engineered wood products
ENGINEERED WOOD PRODUCTS

Jean A. Cook, Ph.D.

Manager Composite Products, Resource Group

FP Innovations FORINTEK

Jean Cook is currently Research Manager of two departments: Composite Products and Resource Characterisation.

Jean holds a Ph.D. in Statistics from the University of Waterloo and joined Forintek in 1984 specialising in risk analysis – as applied to forest resource characterisation for value, product manufacturing process control and engineering properties of solid wood products.

As part of the management team since 1990, Jean has enjoyed working in the multidisciplinary teams formed by the sector to resolve various technical trade and regulatory issues in international markets.

She is currently the FPInnovations Board member of the Canadian Lumber Standards Accreditation Board and the Board member of the NSERC Strategic Network: ForValueNet.

FOR-EX PLTM2008

next generation pulp paper nanocrystalline cellulose bio refining
NEXT GENERATION PULP & PAPERNANOCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSEBIO-REFINING

Gail Sherson, M. Eng.

Director, Vancouver Laboratory and Program Manager Fibre Supply and Quality

FP Innovations PAPRICAN

Gail Sherson is with FPInnovations’ Paprican Division where she is Director of the Vancouver Laboratory and Manager of the Fibre Supply and Quality Research Program.

Gail is a graduate of the University of British Columbia with degrees in Chemical Engineering and Pulp and Paper Engineering. Gail joined Paprican almost three years ago, bringing extensive industrial experience with International Paper, Champion International, Nexfor, Fletcher Challenge and MacMillan Bloedel.

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next generation building systems
NEXT GENERATION BUILDING SYSTEMS

Erol Karacabeyli, P.Eng.

Manager Building Systems

FP Innovations FORINTEK

Erol Karacabeyli is a Registered Professional Engineer in British Columbia, Canada, and has over twenty years experience in the timber engineering research field. Holding two Masters Degrees he is a well-known specialist on seismic performance of timber structures, duration of load effects on lumber, panel and engineered wood products, and connections.

Erol is currently the Manager of the Building Systems Department in Western Laboratory of Forintek. Erol is an influential member in many national and international codes and standards committees whose mandates encompass the safety and reliability of wood structures.

Erol made significant contributions in wood engineering field, and published his findings in over 70 publications.

FOR-EX PLTM2008

project director
Project Director

Werner Hofstätter

Project Director

Corporate Services Division

Ministry of Forests

Werner Hofstätter holds an Honours Commerce Degree, a CSC, and has more than 25 years of experience working and consulting with all sizes of private and public sector organizations. He is currently Project Director of Value-Added Strategies in Corporate Services.

He has held a variety of senior management and consulting positions in some of Canada’s largest organizations. He has worked with many industry sectors including transpor-tation, financial services, logistics and pulp & paper.

In addition to publishing several articles on “Value-Based Management”, he has lectured in Finance at Carleton University. He is also a certified commercial diver, a trained volunteer fire-fighter and level III first responder.

FOR-EX PLTM2008

innovative forest products
INNOVATIVE FOREST PRODUCTS

MAXIMIZING VALUE FROM

FOREST RESOURCES

“…it is a time for us to look to the future of forestry. Maybe it looks a little different than the forest industry that I remember as a kid and the forest industry that I worked in the 1990’s.”

Hon. Pat Bell, National Forest Day

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objective
OBJECTIVE
  • Update you on some of the latest innovations in forest products and technologies
  • Generate discussion on what role, if any, the Government should play in creating an environment that encourages innovation and commercialization

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today s agenda
TODAY’S AGENDA
  • ENGINEERED WOOD PRODUCTS
  • NEXT GENERATION BUILDING SOLUTIONS
  • BIO-REFINING etc.
  • COMPETITIVE ISSUES
    • QUIZ, DISCUSSION andPRIZES

FOR-EX PLTM2008

engineered building products
Engineered Building Products

What are they?

Construction materials used for structural elements in buildings.

Successful Engineered Products have

  • demonstrated and reliable performance in service and
  • are competitively priced

Examples are steel, concrete and…

FOR-EX PLTM2008

structural grades of lumber panels that have recognized engineering properties
Structural grades of lumber & panels that have recognized engineering properties

2004

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the definition in the wood industry is ewp composite wood substitutes for solid wood
The definition in the wood industry is:EWP = Composite wood substitutes for solid wood

Better use of small and low grade logs (all species)

Veneer Strip Lumber

Parallam™

Oriented Strand Lumber

Laminated

Veneer Lumber

FOR-EX PLTM2008

typical wood composite manufacturing process
Typical Wood Composite Manufacturing Process

Drying

Mat forming

Stranding

Resin blending

Very high

Temperature used

(150 – 350 0C)

Little resin used

(<10%)

Hot pressing*

(up to 220 0C)

Heat

(*Courtesy of SBA)

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slide16

Reliability and Cost Competitiveness

Process Interactions impact EWP Demand

ALBERTA

RESEARCH

COUNCIL

?

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slide17

Solution: Look inside the process

ALBERTA

RESEARCH

COUNCIL

… START WITH

SENSOR TECHNOLOGY…

Relate process parameters

to end product attributes

  • Moisture Meters in Dryers and Forming Line
  • Weight Scale in Forming Line
  • Thickness Gauges in Finishing Line

FOR-EX PLTM2008

innovate to both reduce costs and improve end product attributes
Innovate to both reduce costs and improve end product attributes

On-line measurement of wood MC to reduce energy costs and reduce plywood delamination

$750,000 per mill,

per year

FOR-EX PLTM2008

this poster provides several examples of other substitutes for solid lumber timbers and beams
This poster provides several examples of other substitutes for solid lumber, timbers and beams

FOR-EX PLTM2008

an ewp success story
An EWP Success Story

OSB has captured 85% of the North American new home sheathing markets from plywood.

Why? It is now perceived by the NA home construction industry as a lower price product that performs as well as plywood in home sheathing.

It took 20+ years for OSB to capture significant market share from plywood in sheathing markets

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cook observation
Cook Observation

There is no shortage of new ideas for wood products and systems that COULD be used in construction

Which have the potential to be perceived by the construction industry as viable substitutes for concrete and steel?

I believe these are the “engineered wood products” that will attract sustained investment to the sector

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from commodity products to building solutions
From commodity productsto building solutions

Conception & engineering

Solutions

Integrated

Systems

Systems

Support the design team

Roofs

Walls Flooring

Indoor / Outdoor Systems

Engineering &

Process development

LVL

PSL

Components

Paneling &

Siding

Fencing &

Decking

Production &

Distribution

Commodity

products

Lumber Plywood OSB

Knowledge

Services

Lars Sandberg, Timwood

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slide24

Opportunity for Wood: Non-Residential Buildings

Prince George Airport

Courtesy of Equilibrium Consulting

FOR-EX PLTM2008

us non residential buildings current and potential market share
US Non-Residential Buildings - Current and Potential Market Share

100%

90%

80%

Additional that could be wood

70%

60%

74%

Currently are wood-frame

50%

40%

49%

30%

20%

10%

19%

8%

0%

% of area

% of buildings

Source: WPC 2006

FOR-EX PLTM2008

wood based building systems
Wood-Based Building Systems
  • Best bets
    • 6 Storey Light Wood Frame Construction (currently limited to 4)
    • 6-10 Storey Heavy Frame Buildings with Concrete Core (new)
    • Cross Laminated Timber Applications (new)
    • Roof and Floor Applications
    • Non-structural walls in Concrete & Masonry Buildings
    • Post Disaster/Low Cost Shelter

FOR-EX PLTM2008

first best bet 6 storey light wood frame construction in canada currently limited to 4
First Best Bet: 6 storey Light wood-frame construction in Canada (currently limited to 4)
  • BC Premiere’s support made a difference
  • FPInnovations and CWC are supporting BC Building and Safety Policy Branch in pursuing regulatory changes to increase the limit on wood-construction from four to six storeys
  • Validation by US/Japan/Canada earthquake simulation test (FII support) (NEESWood) of a 6-storey wood-frame building (test specimen is built BC lumber)

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slide28

Second best bet: 6-10 storey Heavy Frame Buildings with Concrete Core

  • Developing several design concepts for use of wood in mid-rise construction, including hybrid wood/concrete and wood/steel

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slide29

Second best bet: 6 storey Heavy Frame Buildings with Concrete Core

  • Demonstration building in Quebec City;
    • Based on the objectives of Quebec’s use of wood in the non-residential sector policy (May 2008)
    • Has received go ahead from Régie du bâtiment pending a few modifications
    • 60 000 ft2 in total
    • Above ground structure combines concrete core and heavy glulam
    • Below ground parking garage in
      • reinforced concrete ( 53 parking spaces)
    • Total Height; 22.8 m
    • Built under the NBCC 2005
    • LEED GOLD
    • Planned occupancy Fall 2009

Owner: CSN FONDACTIONArchitect: Gilles Huot, GHA Atelier d’architectureStructural Engineer: Bureau d’Études Spécialisées inc.

FOR-EX PLTM2008

third best bet cross laminated timber
Third best bet: Cross Laminated Timber

Massive wood plates, X-lam or Jumbo plywood

Murray Grove Building, London, GBWorld Tallest Wood Building

FOR-EX PLTM2008

cross laminated timber
Cross Laminated Timber

Elevator shaft or stair case with CLT

Courtesy of KLH

FOR-EX PLTM2008

fourth best bet roof and floor applications
Fourth best bet: Roof and Floor Applications

Richmond Speed Skating Oval

FOR-EX PLTM2008

fourth best bet roof and floor applications1
Fourth best bet: Roof and Floor Applications
  • High Strength to weight ratio makes wood systems very suitable

Courtesy of CWC WoodWorks

FOR-EX PLTM2008

slide34

Fifth best bet: Non-structural walls in Concrete & Masonry Buildings

Not common in North America

Stockholm 2004 Wood Walls in Concrete Building

FOR-EX PLTM2008

recent disasters houses destroyed
Recent disasters – houses destroyed
  • 2004 Tsunami 150,000 homes
  • 2005 Pakistan earthquake 500,000 homes
  • 2005 Hurricane Katrina 275,000 homes
  • 2006 Indonesia earthquake 140,000 homes

Earthquake

2006 Java

Hurricane

2005 USA

FOR-EX PLTM2008

wood framing proven earthquake performance
Wood Framing – Proven Earthquake Performance

Hyogo-ken Nambu (Kobe) quake, 1995

Undamaged houses – N. American framing

Post WWII House Collapsed

FOR-EX PLTM2008

concluding remarks
CONCLUDING REMARKS
  • Wood-based building systems offer a lot of potential in new applications
  • FPInnovations launched an initiative “Next Generation Building Solutions”
    • Funded largely by NRCan
    • Multi-disciplinary collaborative research with design community
    • A large component in wood-based composites
    • Designed to play a major role in increasing use of wood in residential and non-residential construction

FOR-EX PLTM2008

slide40

Next Generation Building Solutions

Example: FPInnovations Vancouver Laboratory

FOR-EX PLTM2008

next generation pulps papers
Next Generation Pulps & Papers
  • Innovation & technology that take full advantage of Canada’s unique fibre characteristics

FOR-EX PLTM2008

intelligent paper safety
Paper giving instant visible indication of pathogens.

High speed manufacture: coating or printing.

Intelligent Paper: Safety

Sentinel Project

University Partnerships

Bio-reactive

Paper Products

  • SARS mask:
    • detect viral contamination
    • deactivate the pathogen
    • protect the user

FOR-EX PLTM2008

advanced bioproducts nanocrystalline cellulose
Advanced Bioproducts – Nanocrystalline cellulose
  • Smallest physical sub-unit of cellulose
  • Crystallite dimensions, 200 nm long, 10 nm wide
  • 8,000 times thinner than a human hair.
  • FPInnovations Lab Process: Production, 2 kg/week
  • Ready for 1 tonne per day NCC demonstration plant

FOR-EX PLTM2008

nanocrystalline cellulose ncc
Nanocrystalline Cellulose (NCC)

crystalline region

microfibril :

amorphous region

acid hydrolysis

H2SO4

TEM image of nanocrystals

FOR-EX PLTM2008

slide45

Nano-Crystalline Cellulose (NCC)

Nano-Crystalline Cellulose (NCC)

Colour

Opacity

Porosity

Stronger than Steel

FOR-EX PLTM2008

the forest biorefinery
The forest biorefinery:
  • An integrated set of processes
  • Multiple products, a single site:
    • Solid wood, panels
    • Pulp, paper
    • Heat, power
    • Transportation fuels
    • Chemicals
  • Maximize the value from each component of the feedstock

FOR-EX PLTM2008

potential pathways to new products
Potential pathways to new products

Residues

Bark,

sludge

Synthesis

products

Gasification,

pyrolysis

Sludge,

effluent

Novel

products

(Bio) chemical

processes

Pulp

mill

Cellulose

Pulp,

Paper

Chips

Conventional

processes

Lignin

Novel

products

Chemical

processes

Polymers

Chemical

processes

Hemi-

cellulose

Ethanol,

others

Fermentation

processes

FOR-EX PLTM2008

main pathways to fuels and chemicals

XXX

Main pathways to fuels and chemicals
  • Lignin
    • Resins: $400+ per tonne of lignin
    • Substitute for carbon black in tires: $1000+ per tonne?
    • Carbon Fibres
  • Hemicellulose
    • Ethanol, lactic acid:
      • $300 per tonne of hemicellulose
      • Fuel, plastic precursor
    • Xylose, Xylitol (sugar substitute)
    • Polymer precursors:
      • $700+ per tonne

FOR-EX PLTM2008

thermo chemical processes
Thermo-chemical processes
  • Gasification
    • Generates a combustible gas
    • Burn to displace Bunker C or natural gas
    • Synthesize hydrocarbon products
      • Methanol
      • Synthetic Diesel
    • Leaders in this field: Enerkem, Nexterra
  • Pyrolysis
    • Generates a combustible liquid
    • Burn to displace Bunker C
    • Extract chemicals, food products
      • Resins, phenolics for board grades
      • BBQ sauces, flavourings

Both processes produce fuels or synthetic chemicals

Both can operate on low value, mixed residues

FOR-EX PLTM2008

boiler replacement with a gasifier at kruger products in new westminister
Boiler Replacement with a Gasifier at Kruger Products in New Westminister

FPInnovations Partnership with Nexterra

FOR-EX PLTM2008

optimize current future product streams
Optimize Current & FutureProduct Streams

New

launches

Stop and Fix

Maturity

Profitability

Decline

Growth

Introduction

Time

FOR-EX PLTM2008

the zero carbon house
The zero-carbon house?

29 tonnes of CO2 are captured in a typical house. Offsets five years of driving the family car.

FOR-EX PLTM2008

canadian forest products industry
Canadian Forest Products Industry

ROCE for Canadian Producers %

FOR-EX PLTM2008

discussion
DISCUSSION

?

?

?

?

QUIZ

FOR-EX PLTM2008

slide58

FOREST PRODUCTS JEOPARDY

Engineered Wood Products

Building Systems

Bio-Refinering

Key Messages

ONE

ONE

ONE

ONE

X

X

X

X

TWO

TWO

TWO

TWO

X

X

X

X

THREE

THREE

THREE

THREE

X

X

X

X

FOUR

FOUR

FOUR

FOUR

X

X

X

X

FIVE

FIVE

FIVE

FIVE

X

X

X

X

FOR-EX PLTM2008

ewp question 1
EWP – Question #1

What type of

engineered wooden beams are capable of replacing steel beams?

Glulam, Parallel Strand Lumber, PSL or Parallam®

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

ewp question 2
EWP – Question #2

What % of plywood that has been replaced by OSB in new North American residential construction?

About 85%

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

ewp question 3
EWP – Question #3

Which 2 continents

use the majority

of the world’s

softwood sawn lumber?

North America

and Europe

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

ewp question 4
EWP – Question #4

What percent

of a typical EWP

is resin?

Less than 10%

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

ewp question 5
EWP – Question #5

What continent leads

the world in EWP production for light-frame construction?

North

America

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

building systems question 1
Building Systems – Question #1

Which wooden floor and wall panels have passed the 45 minute burn test?

X-Lam, Cross-Lam

or

“Massive Plywood”

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

building systems question 2
Building Systems – Question #2

How many stories tall

will light wood, residential buildings soon be allowed?

Up to six stories

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

building systems question 3
Building Systems – Question #3

Approximately what

percent of US non-residential construction could be wood-based?

More than

90 percent

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

building systems question 4
Building Systems – Question #4

In which city is the world’s tallest wooden building?

London, England

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

building systems question 5
Building Systems – Question #5

Approximately

how many homes have been destroyed by natural disasters

since 2004?

More than

one million!

( 1,065,000 )

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

bio refining question 1
Bio-Refining – Question #1

How many times thinner than a human hair is a Nanocrystalline cellulose particle?

8,000 times

thinner than a

human hair

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

bio refining question 2
Bio-Refining – Question #2

From what

process stream

can lignin be extracted?

From the black liquor created in the chemical pulp process

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

bio refining question 3
Bio-Refining – Question #3

Name one of the

products that can be manufactured using the lignin extracted from black-liquor?

Carbon fibres,

“Carbon Black”,

others

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

bio refining question 4
Bio-Refining – Question #4

Who are the two leading companies in the field of gasification?

Nexterra

And

EnerKem

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

bio refining question 5
Bio-Refining – Question #5

Name 3 types

of fuel that can be

derived in the

bio-refining process?

Bio-ethanol,

bio-diesel and

syngas

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

key messages question 1
Key Messages – Question #1

What can you do to promote getting more value from the forest?

Group Discussion

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

key messages question 2
Key Messages – Question #2

Does anything you currently do make it harder for industry to extract more value from the forest?

Any other

views?

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

key messages question 3
Key Messages – Question #3

Given what you have heard today - what role should the Ministry of Forests and Range

play in fostering this industry?

Any other

feedback?

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

key messages question 4
Key Messages – Question #4

What will you do

differently or think differently as a result of today’s presentations?

Group Discussion

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

key messages question 5
Key Messages – Question #5

What intrigued you the most from the presentations you heard today and why?

Anybody

Else ?

Back

FOR-EX PLTM2008

slide79

FOREST PRODUCTS JEOPARDY

Special Thanks To:

FP Innovations

Forintek

Paprican

FOR-EX PLTM2008